Special Report: Jamaican ganja journey

Part I: Touchdown in Jamaica
My plane left Atlanta on time, headed south. Below us, the Bahamas, hounded by a hurricane. To the right, Cuba, green and undeveloped, protected from the paving regime of 20th century industrialism by the US economic boycott against the island’s revolutionary ruler, Fidel Castro.

As we entered Cuban airspace at 36,000 feet, going 536 miles per hour, I read books on the history of Jamaica. I was flying on Air Jamaica, the island’s official airline. Attractive, cocoa-colored men and women served free Jamaican Red Stripe Beer. The flight was festive, consisting mostly of soused Americans headed for expensive resorts near Montego Bay.

The island’s history was far from festive. It was first inhabited by people who migrated from South America to the Caribbean, reaching Jamaica approximately 1200 years ago. These migrants, called Arawaks, were joined by a tribe emanating from the Amazon basin; the second tribe was called the Caribs.

Arawaks and Caribs lived in relative harmony with each other and their environment until a disaster named Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Conquest hit them in the late 1400’s. By 1520, the Spaniards had shown the natives the “loving Judeo-Christian god,” using Catholicism as a justification to kill, enslave, rape, burn and torture the natives while establishing Spanish outposts in Jamaica and other Caribbean islands.

England stole Jamaica from Spain in 1655. English emigrants began arriving in Jamaica en masse, and the island became a center for Caribbean slave trading, as Europeans robbed people from Africa to replace indigenous slaves who were dying from disease, starvation and brutality.

Slaves were forced to build massive sugar cane plantations and work them, a daunting task in the region’s blazing sun and tropical humidity. Rocked by slave revolts, the British Parliament abolished slavery in 1838, but freed blacks were still victimized by their owners and institutionalized discrimination. They staged another uprising in 1865, fomented by Jamaican folk hero Paul Bogle. The British crushed the uprising in an especially brutal fashion but resistance to vestiges of colonial rule continued, even after the island won independence from the fading British Empire in 1962.

Since then, Jamaica has become famous for its uninhibited tourist beaches, its volatile political system, Rastafarianism and reggae music, and of course, potent ganja.

Ancient Roads

A driver met me at Montego Bay’s airport, rescuing me from the teeming crowds of hustlers who tried to take my money in front of the terminal. We headed toward Kingston on a road built so long ago that it was totally inappropriate for motor vehicles. I sat terrified in my passenger seat as we sped past uniformed schoolchildren barely an inch away from our bumper, or overtook a truck crowded with screeching chickens on a mountain road so narrow that my door scraped the hedgerow on the side of the road.

There was no road rage or panic, however. My adept driver, other drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians all shared the winding road cheerfully and stoically, with nary a gesture or invective. Everyone seemed quite resigned to life or death possibilities.

The scenery was spectacular but unsettling ? verdant forests, gurgling rivers, waterfalls, hibiscus flowers, scintillating ocean and beaches ? littered by shanties, beggars, cripples, crumbling houses, goats, garbage, defecation, sheep, cows, packs of dogs, police with machine guns, cadavers.

Finally we reached a frenzied, traffic-choked urban grid. Jamaica has yet to outlaw leaded gas; vehicles belching poison surrounded us. We pulled into a gas station guarded by private security agents carrying sawed-off shotguns. Gasoline cost $4 US per gallon. Newspaper headlines screamed about gas riots, the island’s escalating murder rate (nearly 700 this year), its trade deficit, a drop in tourism due to crime rate publicity overseas, political scandals. Melancholy and tension permeated the air.

My driver fought through the streets of Kingston, the Jamaican capital with its 700,000 population crammed between an ideal harbor and the coffee-famous Blue Mountains that rise behind the city. He deposited me at the doorstep of a mediocre hotel surrounded by barbed wire and squatter encampments. I had expected an island paradise, similar to Hawaii, but instead found myself soaked in sweat in the heart of the Third World.

The Doctor is in

From my hotel room, I looked out on Kingston, seeing smoke from small fires, packs of ravenous dogs, traffic jams, thunderstorms, Rastamen smoking spliffs playing soccer, rich tourists playing tennis oblivious to homeless sidewalk dwellers just outside the guarded gates of the hotel.

Someone knocked at my door. I opened it, relieved to find 81-year-old Dr Ronald Lampart, a famous Jamaican physician and long-time ganja activist. I’d read about Lampart on the internet, called him, and been invited to visit Jamaica to cover history in the making.

Lampart, who from 1976 to 1986 had been chief medical officer for the Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church and an aide to Dr Melanie Dreher’s landmark ganja studies (see CC #15, #16), is one of many paradoxical, powerful activists in a newly-energized Jamaican ganja legalization movement.

Paradoxical because he doesn’t smoke marijuana, powerful because his education, social class and reputation are so impeccable that he lends irrefutable credibility to ganja culture, which has long been viewed by many Jamaican elites as a lower-class, criminal culture deserving oppression.

Educated at top schools in England and the United States, for 20 years the head of the 150-bed Princess Margaret Hospital in Morant Bay, at 81 a full-time physician who sees hundreds of patients a month, many of whom he treats without charge, Lampart is an unassailable spokesperson for the ganja movement.

“I don’t smoke the stuff,” he said emphatically, sounding and looking more like a person half his age. “I have never laid my hands on a spliff. I advocate legalization because I am tired of seeing the police using the ganja laws to arrest my barefoot brother on the street. Tired of them putting a man in prison for a spliff, using laws to brutalize and victimize poor people and those who are politically outcast or powerless.”

As a doctor who has performed hundreds of surgeries and treated tens of thousands of patients, Lampart is eminently qualified to determine whether ganja is harmful to individuals or society.

“I was the medical officer for the Coptic Church,” he explained, referring to a ganja-based spiritual group that was destroyed by government persecution in Jamaica and South Florida. “I worked in their compound in Saint Thomas. They had a few thousand acres on which they planted yams, bananas and other crops. They lived as a religious, self-sufficient, faith-based community. They got up at four in the morning and worked very hard all day. The children used ganja, and they too worked hard.

“I told the government: here’s the perfect control group for a ganja study; compare these people to anyone else, and you’ll find that they are as healthy, if not more healthy, than the rest of the population. The Coptics absolutely vanquished the idea that ganja makes people lazy. American visitors would come, thinking they were going to be partying non-stop, and the Coptics would work them in the sun and humidity; a lot of them couldn’t handle it.

“The Coptics prayed, took care of each other, and used ganja as their sacrament. They believed it was God’s bush, God’s weed; they used it for spiritual and medicinal purposes. They believed that ganja was responsible for their energy and success. I examined them for ten years, and found no negative effects from their use of ganja. None. They were most peaceful people, never involved in any crimes except the one that society had made against them ? the use of ganja. That is why I am working to change the ganja laws.”

He has other reasons as well. Like the American tourist college student who was arrested by Jamaican police for having a spliff, and chained to a bed in jail until he became ill. Or the Jamaican man shot in the back by police “in broad daylight at a cricket match; I had to operate on him in emergency because his jaw was fractured and his intestine punctured in seven places.” The man hired a lawyer and served a summons on the police officer who shot him, Lampart recalls. The day after the summons was served, the man arrived home to find a warrant for his arrest on marijuana charges.

During the Dreher study, Lampart helped Dreher and her team of medical and anthropological researchers build trust with rural, ganja-using women and their children.

“Of course these people were suspicious of us,” he says, “and we were prepared to find that they were harming themselves and their children by using ganja while they were pregnant and by giving it to their children. The social stigma has been in place for decades, that this stuff is bad for people and the people who use it are bad. We had specially-trained nurses and researchers coming in from Miami and Boston, and at first our subjects were afraid we would turn them in to the police. We were not out to prove anything good about ganja. We were objective. We turned the results over to the statistician and were surprised by the results: the ganja mothers and children were doing fine, in some cases better than non-ganja users.”

“The marijuana smoker is no threat to society.” Lampart continued, “The laws against marijuana are harmful. I write editorials for the top newspapers that emphasize this point. A friend of mine told me that his friend whispered, ‘Dr Lampart must be on the stuff, he must be using the thing.’ Like it is some dirty habit, like heroin addiction. And I absolutely have not used it, so nobody can say I am doing this because of a personal habit or for financial benefit. I do this for human rights, because I want to see Jamaican society become more just and fair.”

Pot power politics

The morning after Dr Lampart’s visit, I had breakfast with two powerful members of the Jamaican ganja legalization movement.

In a delightful garden setting I ate delicious, traditional Jamaican foods, noticing that the pineapple, guava, coconut, mango, banana and papaya grown by indigenous farmers in Jamaica tasted far better than the same fruits grown by factory farms in the United States, Mexico and South America.

My companions were Paul Chang, an environmental consultant and Notre Dame-educated architect who is also a board member of the Hemp Industries Association, and Louis Moyston, a political historian, educator, writer and consultant who has been active in Jamaican politics for nearly three decades.

Chang, a savvy Jamaican-born man of Asian descent, does business and advocates for hemp and marijuana in Canada, the US, Europe, the Caribbean, and Asia. He founded Jamaica’s “Legalize Ganja Campaign” in 1995, but admits that ganja activism has “had some negative effects on my viability as a businessman, because certain people are prejudiced against ganja.”

Fighting injustice is literally in Chang’s blood ? his engineer father Leonard Chang fought against British civil service apartheid that prevented Jamaican nationals from advancing to top positions in the Jamaican government.

“Dad was the first Jamaican to break through the discrimination in the government engineering service,” Chang said proudly. “He was a trailblazer.”
Now, Chang has himself become a trailblazer.

“After my son Dominick was born, he’s six now, I was smoking a spliff and realized that the police could come in and take me away from my family right in front of my child,” he said. “I already knew that hemp and cannabis had a miraculous array of medical, industrial, spiritual, and economic benefits. I decided to become more active in assisting other Jamaicans in changing the government’s policy on this plant.”

Louis Moyston, 45-years-old and a rising star in Jamaica’s ruling political party, the People’s National Party (PNP), explained that I would be accompanying him and Chang to the PNP national party convention being held at the national arena nearby.

Chang and Moyston were excited that they and ganja allies within the PNP structure had managed to place ganja legalization on the official itinerary of the PNP’s conference agenda.

“The PNP is the more progressive of the two major Jamaican political parties,” Moyston said, naming the Jamaican Labour Party (JLP) as the PNP’s more conservative counterpart. “PNP has the most influence on government policy. The National Alliance for Legalization is asking PNP delegates to approve a proposal that will set up a mechanism for objective study of the legalization question.”

Chang drove me and Moyston through bustling streets to the national arena, which is situated across from the national stadium. In an alcove on the street in front of these edifices was a statue of Bob Marley. Hundreds of delegates streamed in and out of the arena. Some smoked ganja while eating “jerk” chicken and pork, succulent, spicy food that is a Jamaican staple. I noticed that, unlike political conventions in the United States, the PNP’s convention seemed to be truly grassroots. Some delegates were dressed in business suits, but others wore rough-hewn work clothes. Moyston explained that PNP conferences were truly democratic: people of all social classes and orientations worked to create public policy reflecting the will of most Jamaicans. Rich people, professional politicians and corporate lobbyists did not own the PNP, he noted.

Moyston’s egalitarian view was backed up by the conference’s opening prayer, which asked God’s help in “the search for truth.”

“May information not be suppressed,” the prayer continued. “May experts be honest in their interpretation of facts and not deliberately mislead the public. May we use what we know to create what ought to be. May all our laws be just to all groups and help integrate us as a people. May all our pursuits contribute to the making of community life where all feel wanted and accepted.”

Inside the arena, I met top government officials, among them Minister of Agriculture Roger Clarke, who was running for a party vice-presidential position.

“It’s a sensitive subject, the demonization of ganja,” he said carefully. “It’s time to take a close look at the pros and cons of this plant. It has industrial and medical value. But we are a small island in a larger world. We have to take into account what the rest of the world thinks. But there are major changes taking place in hemp and marijuana policy in the rest of the world, and those may assist Jamaica. I come from a major agricultural region, so I am keenly aware that Jamaica is a fertile garden blessed with the ability to bountifully grow a wide variety of plants. It remains to be seen if this plant will soon be one of them.”

Ganja is everywhere

Ganja is everywhere in Jamaica, and despite dangers from police and rip-offs, ganja tourists should easily be able to find the kind without losing their behind.

Sex, drugs and money

As with many impoverished countries, cash will get you anything you want in Jamaica. Sex, pot, cocaine – it is all readily available if you are willing to pay for the product and to pay those who provide you access to the product. But never forget that money transactions in foreign countries ? where an outsider is purchasing contraband and/or an illegal service ? are opportunities for disaster as well as pleasure.

Most tourists familiar with Jamaica will tell you that the Negril region is the ganja-friendliest. It’s close to Montego Bay airport, and home to mega-expensive resorts where Europeans and North Americans come to play and play to come.

Negil is the ganja tourism haven, but ganja can be purchased from many variety stores and roadside stands throughout the island. I visited six such businesses to inquire about ganja. They do not overtly advertise ganja sales; they sell candies, coconuts, fruit and other legal goodies. Some were in Kingston, some in a rural area near Negril. Ganja was available in three of them. All I had to do was ask.

Bucks for buds

Two of the three ganja sites offered only small, plastic-wrapped nuggets of compacted bud, selling for about $1 US. The tiny parcels contained approximately one half to three quarters gram, enough to roll a one paper spliff.

The herb was surprisingly fresh. You can determine the freshness by squeezing the bag; if the herb feels dry and brittle, it’s probably no good. If it is springy, light brown or green, has visible resin glands, and has been stored in an ice chest (most roadside stands and small stores have no electricity), it is likely to be quality pot.

The third ganja site had tiny bags and a basket of long, dried buds. The buds were well manicured, perhaps a bit more leafy than some of us would be used to. They were sticky, somewhat dusty, reddish brown. The price for an ounce: $30 US. The vendor said me she could get me a pound for $200 US.

If you are in a hip resort hotel or area, you can feel reasonably safe asking a bartender, taxi driver, waiter, or other service provider about procuring ganja. You’re expected to pay a fee to anybody who helps you get anything illegal.

In Kingston, taxi drivers, Rastafari, and street vendors seemed to be safe sources for ganja. The tourist hotels there (such as the Hilton and the Pegasus) are a bit straight; I wouldn’t have felt comfortable asking the personnel at most upscale Kingston hotels for ganja.

Don’t do ’ems

Unless you want to end up dead or in jail, you have to be very clever and alert when procuring ganja. Intuitional and rational antenna should be highly-attuned for the rip-off vibe. Do not go to any drug transaction away from your hotel area. Do not give your money to somebody who promises to come back with ganja. Do not go into the back of a store, vending stand or house; make the vendor bring the herb to you. Do not go out alone. Do not buy pre-rolled joints. There’s no need for total paranoia, but be cautious, careful and smart.

Some Jamaicans may be suspicious of you, thinking you are CIA, DEA, Jamaican undercover, or some other quisling informant type. Money usually helps them get over their suspicions. If you get a bad feeling about somebody, if the transaction seems tense or weird, get the hell out. Better you find herb somewhere else or even not at all, than to get robbed or harassed.

Herbal highs

But what, you may ask, is the herb like? All the herb I procured was tasty, potent, organically grown outdoors, had a beautiful aroma, was well worth the money. There were few seeds and stems, no sign of mold or other pollutants. Other tourists told of their experiences with schwag, but I didn’t see or smoke any schwag.

Overall, it’s almost as easy to get Kind bud in Jamaica as it is in Amsterdam. The prices are incredible, the stone is tropical, and the ganja season is year-round. It’s fun to get high there too. Jumping off cliffs into the Caribbean is even more of a rush when you just inhaled your very own spliff of Jamaican ganja.

Especially if you are a US citizen, don’t be tempted to bring any of this inexpensive medicine back home with you. Almost every flight arriving from Jamaica is greeted by fascists and canines. US Customs is ever more brutal in its attempt to build Fortress America. So leave your Jamaican bud behind. Bring home photographs, Blue Mountain coffee, and memories. And visit Jamaica often ? the island needs your tourist dollars to stay afloat.

Part II: Herbal history

Like most North Americans, I’ve always thought Jamaica unconditionally welcomed cannabis and cannabis culture. People who lived in Florida and other parts of the Southeastern US during the 1960’s and 70’s remember fleets of planes dropping bales of prime Jamaican weed for coastal retrieval. The fame of reggae superstars like Bob Marley and Peter Tosh, enmeshed in ganja-shrouded Rastafari religion, gave Jamaica a reputation as a country that enthusiastically embraces its ganja roots.

But as Dr Lampart, Louis Moyston, Paul Chang, and others explained to me, Jamaica has a considerably more complicated relationship with ganja than one would expect. Cannabis is not native to Jamaica, for example ? it was most likely introduced to the island by African slaves and East Indians in the 1700’s and 1800’s. Its use was associated with working-class people, influenced by Hindu beliefs, and a source of increasing worry for the British ruling class who saw ganja as part of a dangerous, rapidly-growing black consciousness movement.

“The authorities were against it right from the start, because it made people feel good, it gave even the poorest person a bit of pride and made them think they were somebody,” is how Dr Lampart explained it.

Government reports began to contain warnings about ganja as early as 1883. In 1911, influential Christian churches, many of which still wield considerable power in modern Jamaica, began officially preaching against the plant and its users. In 1912, the Council of Evangelical Churches asked the island’s Legislative Council to outlaw ganja. In 1913, Jamaica added ganja prohibition to its consent agreement with the International Opium Convention, becoming one of the first countries to criminalize cultivation and importation of cannabis sativa.

As Moyston pointed out in a prescient and wide-ranging article published in a major Jamaican newspaper during my visit, Jamaican ganja criminalization was accompanied by propaganda and police state tactics that foreshadowed those used by anti-pot forces in the United States in the 1930’s.

“The Jamaican police force was reorganized after Bogle’s 1865 slave revolt,” Moyston told me. “The British built a paramilitary force modeled after the Ulster constabulary in Northern Ireland, where police were designed to hold down the people, rather than be a part of the community. Police leaders, church leaders, and the media were responsible for spreading spurious anti-ganja information that led to stricter ganja laws.”

In 1924, Jamaica criminalized possession and smoking of ganja. In 1941, spurred on by American drug war hysteria and fear of nascent Rastafarianism, Jamaican authorities established mandatory one-year prison sentences for a first ganja offense; a second ganja offense caused a mandatory two-year term. The 1941 law also contained a provision allowing police to arbitrarily decide that a person possessed marijuana with intent to sell or export it, thus ensuring a prison term.

In the 1940’s and 50’s, Jamaica had its own analog of Harry Anslinger, the dishonest American drug czar who pioneered the use of weird, scary pot stories (“The Killer Weed That Turns Our Children Into Fiends!”). America’s Anslinger was largely responsible for the original US marijuana prohibition that began in 1937; Jamaica’s Anslinger was police commissioner T Calver, who claimed that four youths raped a woman while under the influence of marijuana and repeatedly alleged that ganja caused violent crime. He also offered huge cash rewards to people who snitched on marijuana offenders.

Calver’s anti-ganja scare campaign failed to catch fire, but in 1960, a cadre of ganja-using revolutionaries allegedly killed several British soldiers during a protest. This led to enactment of harsher marijuana penalties in 1961.

Evolving attitudes

After years of colonial rule, Jamaica gained independence from England in 1962. The country’s first Jamaican Prime Minister, JLP leader Alexander Bustamante, is alleged to have been a handpicked lackey of the British regime. He took office pledging to fight against rape and ganja.

JLP and PNP politicians sparred over Bustamante’s extremist ganja policies, which included asset forfeiture provisions. JLP officials lied about marijuana, using reefer madness propaganda. PNP officials protested the lies and the new police powers JLP’s proposals would create. Punitive new laws were passed in 1963. These laws escalated Jamaica’s war against ganja; the use of informants, police brutality, helicopters, severe prison sentences and other fascist tactics became commonplace.

The police and other government jackboots used the marijuana laws as tools for oppression during the 1960’s, as Rastafari and Marxist factions gained stature by challenging the imprint of colonialism on the island’s socioeconomic and cultural hierarchy.

After the 1972 publication of “Ganja in Jamaica,” a landmark scientific research study (Dr Melanie Dreher was one of the researchers) showing that marijuana posed no harm to individuals or society, Jamaican officials removed mandatory minimum penalties for ganja use and possession.

Later in the same decade, widespread ganja growing and exporting caused US officials to demand that the Jamaican government rev up the island’s drug war, but instead of bowing to US pressure, the country’s politicians almost legalized ganja in 1977 and 1978!

According to PNP Representative Paul Burke, whose PNP Region Three Kingston area enclave contains a large proportion of the Party’s power base, and Independent Senator Trevor Munroe, who earlier this year made a motion that asked the Senate to consider revising current ganja law, a bi-partisan and aptly-named Joint Select Committee of Parliament studied the ganja issue in 1977-78 and recommended that private possession of two or less ounces of ganja not be a criminal offense.

I met the erudite, Oxford-educated, Rhodes Scholar Senator Munroe at an activists’ luncheon held at Dr Lampart’s charming country home near Kingston. Munroe, whose educational specialty is comparative Caribbean politics, teaches political science at the University of the West Indies. As we toured Lampart’s estate, marveling at colorful coffee beans, fruit trees, flowers and a series of scenic waterfalls and pools hand-built by Lampart in his spare time, the 54-year-old Munroe explained that he had admired many features of the 1977 recommendations, and had himself proposed a ganja reform resolution soon after being appointed to the Senate by PNP Prime Minister PJ Patterson in January, 1998. Debate on the 1998 proposal stalled, so Munroe brought it up again in April, 1999.

The 1977-78 subcommittee proposal included provisions that levied a mere $10 fine for possession of two ounces or less of ganja in a public place; imprisonment would not be an option in such an offense, and a conviction for the offense would not create a criminal record. The proposal also would have allowed doctors to legally prescribe medical marijuana, and would have set up a well-funded government agency to grow and process medical grade ganja, and supervise its use as medicine and in medical experiments.

Burke’s Region Three proposal, formally adopted at the PNP convention with overwhelming support, also echoes many of the 1977-78 recommendations. Burke is confident that a government-supported ganja research committee will soon be chartered;

he expects the committee to be a diverse group of officials and experts who will produce a credible, wide-ranging, pro-ganja study “within 18 months.”

“Before the PNP vote, I gave this about a 60 to 40 chance of passing the Senate,” Munroe said, congratulating Burke, Moyston, Chang and other activists for helping the PNP to become the first major party to officially support ganja reform. “Now I give it a 90 percent chance of success. I expect it to be debated in October or November.”

“There’s an ongoing change in peoples’ attitudes toward this issue,” Munroe explained. “The PNP has been very forthcoming, and a progressive JLP representative came to me and said he’d do what he could to get them on board too. Surely there’ll be differences of opinion, but nobody can justify giving people criminal records for simply possessing or using this plant.

“Thousands of people have had their lives ruined by these laws, and it has done no good. I am even proposing that we consider cleansing past criminal records relating to ganja. We have to understand that this isn’t really about ganja, it’s about basic human rights and restoring a sense of fairness to our justice system. People can use the more toxic substances ? tobacco and alcohol ? in public and in excessive amounts, and it’s legal. How can it therefore be right to arrest people and give them a criminal record for private, personal use of ganja?”

Drug war imperialism

Burke, Lampart, Munroe and most of the Jamaican ganja activists I met do not smoke marijuana. Ironically, these fierce freedom fighters are the straightest of the straight, men and women whose dignity, considerable achievements and elevated societal status put their motives beyond reproach. Their support for better policies, based on economic, cultural and social justice concerns rather than their desire to smoke a spliff without fear of arrest, is part of a broad-based, pro-ganja attitude held by a majority of Jamaicans. So why is ganja still illegal in Jamaica?

“There’s a lot of people who have a vested money interest in this issue,” explained Lampart. “Drug counselors, urine testers, bureaucrats, police agencies and private organizations make a lot of money spreading lies about ganja and perpetuating its prohibition. They want to keep their jobs. They want to keep getting money from the Americans.”

Lampart proved to be a prophet. Within days of the PNP’s passage of the pro-ganja resolution, the United States Embassy in Kingston launched a new anti-ganja campaign. In an amazingly candid statement that inadvertently revealed the extent that Jamaican sovereignty has been compromised by America’s war on drugs, Deputy Chief of Mission James Cason bragged that the US government has spent hundreds of thousands of dollars during the last ten years to fund and manage Jamaican anti-drug campaigns.

According to Cason, the US Military Information Support Team (MIST) had infiltrated civilian and military personnel, as well as US drug war propaganda, into Jamaican government agencies, media organizations, and non-governmental organizations.

MIST had been responsible for designing and distributing DARE-style propaganda: television, radio and newspaper ads, school programs, posters, bumper stickers and billboards, even coloring books.

The MIST message is the same discredited set of lies distributed by anti-drug forces in the US. MIST emphasizes a “Just Say No” approach, lies about the harmfulness of marijuana, encourages people to narc on their friends and families, and targets marijuana while virtually ignoring drugs that all Jamaicans agree are causing catastrophic problems in Jamaican society: heroin and cocaine.

Cason seemed most proud that MIST was working with Jamaican entities like the National Council on Drug Abuse and an organization called Addiction Alert to produce materials that showed “real Jamaican people in real Jamaican settings.”

Foreign power

The US Embassy’s involvement in internal Jamaican affairs has angered many Jamaicans.

According to Richard Crawford, an energetic legal reform advocate who is also an educator and political organizer, foreign governments have long interfered in Jamaican politics.

“It is definitely of racist origin, the foreigners’ belief that we Jamaicans are not smart enough to police ourselves, that we need some outside power to tell us what to do. I notice that our National Security Minister, KD Knight, is getting even further into bed with the Americans,” Crawford observed.

I knew what Crawford meant. Knight had been one of few people to attack Burke and Moyston’s ganja resolution at the PNP conference, and he was roundly booed for doing so.

Knight’s objections to Burke’s ganja resolution were an odd amalgam of reefer madness, zero tolerance law enforcement, and surprisingly, his contention that growing low-THC hemp might not be illegal in Jamaica. Knight is known as a drug war hard-liner whose res-ponse to the country’s high level of gun violence and crack cocaine addiction is to put police and military units on the streets. During an especially bad outbreak of street violence last July, Jamaican Defence Force soldiers patrolled many communities. Soldiers and police are routinely accused of being as corrupt and violent as the drug gangs and other criminals they are allegedly fighting; nearly 200 Jamaicans have been shot dead by government officials in 1999.

Even though he has tremendous power, and routinely resorts to writing long letters in the country’s newspapers defending his policies, Knight has become something of a joke. He is widely rumored to be a closet marijuana smoker; there have even been cartoons depicting the anti-drug Minister smoking a spliff!

Knight disgusted Crawford and other ganja activists by flying to Washington to visit US Attorney General Janet Reno in September. Reno, whose tattered reputation is at an all-time low due to revelations that the FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) covered up the use of weaponry that probably led to the incineration of women and children at the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas several years ago, offered Knight those same discredited agencies for use in Jamaica.

Not only did Knight look foolish by accepting the assistance of rogue US agencies that are under Congressional investigation for possible criminal wrongdoing, but he also admitted that a team of FBI and ATF agents were already in Jamaica, assisting police and military officials in intelligence gathering, anti-drug activities, and searches of cars and houses.

Knight announced that an ATF agent would be stationed full-time in Kingston, and that the FBI and ATF would work closely with Interpol and Jamaica’s National Drug, Firearm and Intelligence Centre (NDFIC), its Forensic Laboratory and its Narcotics Division.

Crawford expressed frustration with such developments.

“The American government has a history of turning a blind eye to government and individual lawbreaking that serves American interests. They have worked with drug lords and dictators throughout our region. It is a ridiculous policy, them spending so much money fighting ganja exports to the United States, when the real problem is not ganja, but the guns and crack cocaine coming in here from the United States. The Americans and some members of our government are using our problems as an excuse to establish even more of a police state here,” he said.

A sharp distinction

Jamaican anti-drug forces aren’t sucking off only the American tit: Jamaica’s Finance Minister announced recently that the European Union’s Development Fund has given the equivalent of 50 million Jamaican dollars to the country’s Integrated Drug Abuse Prevention Project.

All the ganja activists I interviewed agreed that crack cocaine and other hard drugs cause serious problems in Jamaica, but they want drug users treated by medical professionals, psychologists, counselors and job specialists, not by police and military officials.

Trevor Macmillan, whose training at the Royal Military Academy in England and years as an army colonel helped him have the expertise to run the entire Jamaican police force from 1993 to 1996, thinks cops should get out of the drug war.

“Let me make it clear,” the 60-year-old Macmillan says, “when I was police commissioner I was scrupulous in making sure all laws were implemented. That was my job. But I came to realize that the illegality of drugs and the drug trade causes violence and corruption. There is no way you can win this war this way. The vast sums of money spent on this war should be spent on educating people about the harm of drugs. They have reduced the use of cigarettes considerably, not by arresting smokers and tobacco growers, but by telling the truth about cigarettes. The same could be done for illegal drugs.”

Yet Macmillan denied that his police officers selectively used ganja laws to violate civil liberties or enforce personal vendettas.

“They have no discretion. They have to enforce all laws,” he said.

The former commissioner says he received “technical anti-narcotics assistance” from the US, Canada and England during his tenure.

“The Brits and Canadians provided support for our anti-drug operations, but the Americans were different. They want you to pass them intelligence information, but they won’t share any with you. They say it’s because all Caribbean nations have corrupt police forces, but they need to understand that respect is mutual. All nations want to feel that their sovereignty is respected. I can tell you this, if the US would do half as much work as we do, we wouldn’t have as many guns coming here from the US, causing all this violence.”

Part III: The Lion of Zion

The battle over Jamaican ganja is not just about geopolitics and social control. It also involves spiritual warfare ? a conflict of good and evil that involves the entire Caribbean. As a Rasta man told me, “Jamaica is a lion whose roar is heard throughout the tropics; if it legalizes herb, other nations are likely to follow suit. This little place, and these little people, can roar down the beast of Babylon, your country (the US) and those who do its bidding.”

Paul Burke and Louis Moyston confirmed that the ideological and actual descendants of religious groups that caused ganja to be outlawed in the early 1900’s were also active in opposing ganja liberalization in the 1970’s.

“The main opposition in 1977 came from two church groups ? the Jamaican Council of Churches and the Jamaican Evangelical Society,” Burke explained.

As he spoke, I recalled something that had troubled me earlier as I took Moyston’s picture next to the Marley statue. In back of the statue was a huge billboard, white lettering on a black background, purporting to speak for the Judeo-Christian “God.” I had seen these same billboard formats ? white lettering on black background, with “God” as signatory spewing hellfire messages typical of Americanized fundamentalist doctrine ? throughout Jamaica. I’d seen exactly the same type of billboards in other places ? most notably in redneck American police states such as Kansas, Oklahoma, Alabama and Georgia, places where the drug war, racism, anti-environmentalism and hog farms are as American as apple pie and ice cream.

Moyston and Chang seemed especially pleased that I had noticed the connection between American-based Christian fundamentalism and anti-ganja sentiment. They told me of the ravages of outside interference in Jamaican affairs, about black nationalist freedom fighters like Marcus Garvey, Leonard Howell and Rasta leaders whose resistance to cultural imperialism and oppression are part of Jamaican folklore.

Wit the help of my hosts and other sources, I pieced together the insidious influence of organized “Christian” religion on the island. Catholicism wiped out indigenous culture early on, by opposing folk magic and herbal medicines in the Caribbean during the days of the Conquistadors. Blacks were given two choices: be Catholic or be killed.

Protestant missionaries began invading the region in the 1600’s. Some of them were principled people who protested slavery and colonialism, but the most powerful Christian religious organizations whored after the ruling elite by advocating and enabling slavery, and by opposing black identity movements that included obeah (an Africanized form of healing magic) and ganja.

Burke said that Christian religious opposition to 1970’s ganja proposals, along with other Jamaican political realities, kept the subcommittee’s decrim recommendation from being enacted as law.

During my time in Jamaica, in conversations with Rastas, street people, taxi drivers and other “regular” Jamaicans, I heard time and again that most Jamaicans resented the influence of American fundamentalism.

“Look around at the damned Mormon, Baptist, Catholic and Seventh Day Adventist churches,” commented my 24-year-old taxi driver as we passed a Mormon enclave. “They’re tax-exempt organizations that send missionaries here to poison our minds and control our people. They treat us like children, giving us trinkets and free food; they’ll help us as long as we bow to their god. They oppose ganja, Rastafari, birth control and independent thought. They support American economic domination and the police. We need to rid ourselves of these foreigners.”

If I had a rocket launcher…

It would have been tempting to dismiss such sentiments as examples of paranoia or xenophobia, but evidence of American involvement in Jamaican drug politics is easy to find.

I personally witnessed US military personnel, accompanied by Jamaican police and national defense forces, operating in Jamaican coastal waters. I was snorkeling in the crystalline, velvety Caribbean approximately 45 miles from Kingston, entranced by thousands of colorful tropical fish and the gently sloping canyon that appeared hundreds of feet below me, when my reverie was interrupted by the ugly sound of two helicopter gunships cruising about 400 feet above the water nearby.

Initially, I thought the copters might contain rescuers searching for a sinking boat or a drowning tourist snorkeler, but after I removed my steamy dive mask and tracked the noisy birds, I realized that these military machines were on a search and seizure mission.

One copter remained over water, near my position about 500 yards offshore; the other was making forays into the mountains that rose from near the coastline. Suddenly, they closed ranks over the sea and sped down the coast. A few minutes later, I saw a US coast guard vessel coming straight toward me at a high rate of speed. I’m used to having to evade reckless watercraft, having dodged many a drunken, polluting, heedless jetskier during long-distance swims in various bodies of water, but this vessel was going so fast that I barely had time to remask and dive down 20 feet before the infernal ship swirled overhead. The idiots could have killed me.

Infused with indignation, I swam for shore, collected my gear, and sprinted to a telephone. I couldn’t get an honest answer from the US embassy, the Jamaican Ministry of Defense, or local police, but local residents later told me that the copters and coast guard vessel had been chasing fishermen in Bowden Bay.

I was told that US and Jamaican military personnel and machinery would “come around a lot,” by a woman whose roadside vending shed sold cold Guinness beer and “iced jelly,” which is the delicious soft fruit scraped from inside a fresh coconut. “They harass the poor fishermen and scare them to death. Last time, they arrest two men from Bahamas with their boat, but they don’t find no drugs. Just an empty ship. Now the men got to spend $40,000 or a year in jail down in St. Thomas on some immigration thing. They used to be using the British helicopter to do this; now it’s the American.”

Now alerted to the possibility of drug war invaders nearby, I continued my love affair with the Caribbean, its water so clear that I could see moonbeams dancing on my arms at midnight 20 feet below the surface. Floating offshore on an idyllic Tuesday afternoon, I was again disturbed by military helicopters. Some more poor fishermen being harassed by the US government, I thought.

Later, I found out my intuition had been correct. Government officials confirmed that a 40 foot boat powered by two 200 horsepower outboard engines had been chased by US airplanes, Jamaican helicopters and Jamaican coast guard boats. The official explanation, much of which was in serious doubt by the time I left Jamaica several days later, was that the US military had been tracking the boat ever since it left Colombia on Saturday night.

US Coast Guard officials in Miami radioed Jamaican forces Tuesday afternoon, after the three men in the boat were allegedly seen tossing bales of ganja into the water. Jamaican helicopters and boats picked up the pursuit, forcing the terrified, alleged smugglers to run their blue boat onto the beach at Yallahs, which is approximately 35 miles from Kingston.

Three men ? two Colombians and one Nicaraguan ? were arrested and taken to be interrogated in Kingston. The US Coast Guard claimed it had recovered several of the dumped bales of marijuana, but didn’t seem to be able to produce them as evidence for Jamaican authorities. The men were charged with immigration violations ? for not telling Jamaican authorities that they were being chased and forced to ground their boat on a Jamaican beach ? and another glorious victory was declared in the war on drugs.

Angering the butcher

Drug war victories in the Caribbean usually come at a price: the loss of sovereignty for small nations unfortunate enough to be noticed by the US Drug Enforcement Administration, Customs, Central Intelligence Agency, Navy, and Coast Guard.

During the Clinton administration, the US has used a carrot and stick approach with Trinidad, Mexico, Belize and other impoverished, tropical nations, offering money and other perks if they cooperate with militarized drug war activities, threatening to withhold money and otherwise punish countries who refuse to let US imperialists run roughshod over national borders and domestic policies.

Although Jamaican ganja advocates have mixed feelings about PNP Prime Minister PJ Patterson, they credit him with resisting America’s attempts during the early 1990’s to force all Caribbean nations (otherwise known as CARICOM countries) to sign onto the “Shiprider Agreement” which would allow US drug warriors unlimited access to Caribbean waters.

Most nations immediately signed onto the Shiprider accord, hungry for American money, military hardware and technical assistance.

But Patterson and the Jamaican Parliament stood up to the Americans, refusing to sign on until the Americans agreed to get permission from Jamaican officials before entering Jamaican waters and airspace. The US bowed to Jamaican pressure; the island signed the accord in mid-1997.

In the taxi on my way from the PNP convention to Kingston’s Bob Marley Museum, I asked the driver how he felt about Shiprider and other US intervention.

“They are invaders,” he answered. “Somebody always invading Jamaica. That be our history.”

Pointing to American fast food restaurants ? Kentucky Fried Chicken, Pizza Hut, McDonalds, and other fat food pits ? the driver lamented globalization, the World Trade Organization, the influence of corporate culture on Jamaican traditions and pride.

I’d been in Jamaica for a few days now, and was no longer surprised by the high level of political awareness displayed by “working-class” islanders. I recalled an earlier conversation I’d had with security guards at my hotel. They’d been forced to stay awake all night, guarding CARICOM heads of state and finance ministers attending a regional conference. The guards spoke of world politics with accuracy and wisdom, correctly identifying the US as the source for crack cocaine and guns that were flowing into Jamaica.

“We know what your Babylon country is doing to this world, mon,” one of them said, in a way that made me realize he might not like a blonde-haired, blue-eyed American journalist asking questions in the middle of the night.

Later, I cornered a CARICOM official in the elevator.

“Of course your country thinks of us as puppets,” he admitted derisively.

When I asked if anyone dared stand up to the US, he replied, “When you are in the position of being meat, you avoid angering the butchers.”

But my taxi driver, sweating in his un-airconditioned Toyota, wasn’t worried about offending butchers.

“You want to know where all the traffic jam come from,” he said, referring to the interminable line of cars ahead of us. “It was never like this in Kingston. Then the Jap car companies dumped thousands of crappy cars on us. Cars that had no pollution control and they couldn’t sell anywhere else. Like fools, the dumb Jamaican buys them. Now we can’t get nowhere and the air smell like shit.”

Trapped in traffic, we listened to Irie FM, a very hip radio station that played radical reggae I’d never heard anywhere else, and featured defiant and entertaining talk shows and disc jockeys who interspersed incredible music with a message of national pride, Rasta philosophy, and revolution.

Finally, we reached Hope Road, with Irie FM playing a song whose lyrics spoke of “rising up to fight for Jah’s great herb.”

At the front gates of the museum, I gave the driver a big tip. He smiled and said, “Bob Marley still alive,” before speeding away.

Ganja Gardens

After spending so much time interviewing people about the fabled Jamaican marijuana crop, I was eager to get out in the countryside and see the righteous herb being grown. By showing copies of Cannabis Culture to people I met, and by sheer luck, several young Jamaican men agreed to guide me to the Promised Ganja Land.

Jungle love

One sultry, late afternoon, I found myself in a car on a dirt track heading into emerald hills. Men digging by shovel in the middle of the road, donkeys, tiny infants, silent grandmas cleared to let us pass. Excluding our car, I could well have been in the world as it was before the cursed Industrial Revolution: no chain saws, no leaf blowers, no weed whackers, no telephone lines. Just ebony people, musical silence, green jungle.

We parked at a clearing. I hoisted 50 pounds of cameras onto my back, and struggled to keep up with H and N, my guides. We wound through a dense but sun-dappled forest, curtained by vines, coconut palms., guavas, limes, breadfruit, snakes, bamboo, singing birds. Without money or even a weapon, you would not starve in this forest. That abundant was its life.

H and N told me about growing herb in Jamaica, but it was hard to understand their dialect that combined English, French and Jamaican slang.

“The police came and burned the plot I used to have,” N said, shaking his head sadly. “They don’t find them much with helicopters here. It was because of informant. Somebody jealous of my herb, or paid by police, or stupid, who hurt their brother and the herb. It hurt the forest. I have to grow. I have to go cut and burn another place to open it for the light. Then I plant again.”

More hiking, blinded by sweat, crossing barbed wire fences. N hums and sings to himself: “Got to free the weed. Got to have the seed.”

We turned a corner and there before me was an acre of cleared, terraced hillside, festooned with ganja plants in varying sizes, shapes, stages of growth. Where the hill sloped and leveled there were small plants in ground rows. Next to them was a container with perhaps a hundred three-inch seedlings planted close together. Up the hill were larger plants, some nearing ten feet tall, light green, thin-leafed, with long, dense single colas and thick stalks, firmly rooted in the well-drained, pebbly soil.

There was no sign of insect damage or nutrient deficiency. Even though it was nearly sundown, some last rays of light were filtering in, illuminating a covered drying shed with several whole plants hung upside down inside.

H and N beamed with quiet pride as I murmured my praise for Jah’s crop, trying to balance my tripod in the crumbly soil, against gravity, on the steep hill. I smelled the glistening colas, peppery and sweet, totally organic, perfumed by solar power and clean rain.

N spoke of carrying water to the plants, growing year-round, worrying about heavy rains that interfered with drying and curing. He grows to support his love for herb, and to make a little money. Very little, in an already-depressed economy that used to benefit from exporting Jamaican ganja to the US, but now the government has interfered with that. A pound of organic, mountain-grown ganja nets only $2500 Jamaican dollars (about $80 US), and he wishes he had a fast boat.

The light fades as H stumbles toward the car. I hurriedly pack my cameras and pause to take a last long look at this miracle crop, this hunted plant, and the kind, dignified young man who has grown it. There is something religious in the moment.

By the time I’ve straggled back to the car, bought the guys a Guinness, cleaned my mud-caked cameras, and flopped down like a limp noodle in my tiny hotel room, I am ready for the sleep of the dead.

Three pictures of paradise

The next morning as the sun rose pink and effervescent, I was awakened by J, who had promised me several days before that he would find me a “big ganja garden” to photograph.

Bleary-eyed, I crawled to his car. It was air conditioned, and we needed it to be. Again a long drive, this time in the opposite direction, down a winding lane, again shrouded by tiny villages and communal living. We parked in the middle of the road, in a forest that was only 30 miles away from the one I had visited the day before, but different, taller trees, more water, more mud.

J introduced me to Charles, who carried a machete and a coil of hemp rope. It flashed on me that I was a foreigner going off into an uncharted forest with two people I didn’t know, one of whom had a long metal blade and a long, thick rope.

Our path was easy for a while, except for the mud, but then we began ascending a vertical hillside, through brambles, no footholds. J and Charles took the lead. I fell back, and then fell down hard on my back, on my tripod, on my cameras. The men were moving very fast, so I scrambled up, trying to see if my cameras had survived the crash. One had.

Near the top of a hill, surrounded on all sides by dense forest, I saw the welcome serrated leaves of approximately 200 plants, growing close together on half an acre of cleared land. Ash and burnt trees contrasted with vibrant ganja shining with morning dew in the watery air.

“I’ve been doing this for 20 years,” Charles said, cutting open a coconut. “I had a thief steal my herb once. He liked my crop better than his own. He was jealous.” Charles paused to make a slashing motion with his machete. “Thieves answer to Jah. The hurricane was in 1980. That washed the crop away. Since then, good luck. We don’t get many male plants. Sometimes the cutter worms come and get the babies before they can get big. The rats try to eat them. I get up every morning this early and work this hard most months of the year.”

The soil Charles was growing in was not full of mud; it was well-drained, moist, rich. He told me that he started seedlings in the ground nearby, transplanted them, didn’t have a need for clones.

I told him about my magazine and its seed catalog.

“We need them Canada people to send us some different seeds,” he said. “We lost a lot of the old Jamaican stock. A lot of people came here with other seeds. Ice, Purple Skunk, Cambodian. We want to grow the Sativa, the tall and friendly herb, that grew here in the early days.”

I was taking pictures as we talked, until my back-up camera began to make weird noises.

Charles was standing in the middle of the field, a fat, billowing spliff in his mouth, holding over his head his machete in one hand and a bouquet of drying cannabis in the other.

“Take my picture, mon,” he said.

“Are you sure? I mean, this is going to be seen all over the world. We really don’t like to compromise anybody’s confidentiality,” I replied.

Charles laughed and a big cloud of smoke rose into the air, caught like a spectral morning in the sun’s filtered rays.

“I live in the bush, mon. Nobody can take me out of here. All them police and soldiers, they know not to come here. Take the picture.”

I took three shots. Then, the camera coughed and died.

Part IV: Redemption song

It was my mistake, telling the first people I met at the Marley Museum that I was an American writing for a pot magazine.

I had to listen patiently, sweat-stupid in the humid sun, as they told me how “fucked up” my magazine was for having written “shit” about Jamaica, Rasta culture and Bob Marley. They weren’t even going to let me in with my cameras unless I paid a huge fee amounting to hundreds of American dollars.

Underneath their misdirected anger, I sensed that they felt that Bob Marley’s life and image had been exploited and inaccurately represented by some other magazine. I kept telling them I worked for a Canadian-based pot mag. To my knowledge, I told them, we’ve never run an article on Bob Marley. My goal was to honor Marley. They finally let me take a few pictures from a few feet inside the gated compound, then they confiscated my cameras until the end of the standard 90-minute guided museum tour, which concluded with a video of Marley playing live.

Marley was born in a place called Nine Miles in Saint Ann’s parish in 1944. He rose to prominence as a soccer-playing, spliff-smoking, guitar-playing “mystic Rastaman” whose songs helped create the worldwide reggae phenomenon. Marley was more than an entertainer. He embodied Jamaican pride, resilience and spirituality, mixing fatalism with pragmatism, smiles with scowls, forgiveness with rebellion.

By the time he obtained official “National Hero” status in the 1970’s, he was already on his way to becoming a martyr. He refused to sell out and enjoy a life of herb and fame, instead trying to heal Jamaica as its turbulent political violence spiraled out of control.

When Marley agreed to play a government-sponsored concert event in late 1976, hardcore members of the JLP interpreted it as a sign that Marley favored the ruling PNP. This led to Marley, his wife Rita, and some members of his band and entourage being shot. Nobody was mortally wounded, but the shooting underscored Marley’s precarious position as a political-spiritual leader.

In early 1978, Marley agreed to participate in a Kingston “peace concert” featuring Peter Tosh and most of Jamaica’s other significant reggae musicians. During the show, which received worldwide media attention, Marley brought Prime Minister Michael Manley and JLP rival Edward Seaga on stage. As he sang the song “Jammin’,” Marley grasped the hands of Manley and Seaga so that the three of them held hands together over Marley’s head. People at the Marley Museum remember the moment with tears in their eyes.

But there are more tears in the Marley story. As with many young musicians during this era, Marley was worked too hard by his record company and the demands of the public. He was upset about events in his home country, where hundreds were being killed in brutal election-related violence. He and his handlers ignored warnings from doctors, warnings that foreshadowed a September, 1980 collapse while he was jogging in New York City. A neurologist gave him the grim diagnosis: terminal cancer of the brain. Rumors that Marley had been poisoned by the CIA, Scotland Yard, or some other nefarious government agency helped people transform their anticipatory grief into anger.

In 1981, Marley was doggedly trying conventional and alternative cures, including a visit to a West German doctor who had once been an SS officer. Nothing worked. He boarded a transatlantic flight headed home from the German hospice on May 9, but never made it to Jamaica. Bob Marley died in Miami, Florida, at age 37, on May 11, 1981.

Marley still alive

When people say Bob Marley still lives, they may be referring to people like Dennis Forsythe, a Jamaican attorney with training in sociology and a doctorate in economics who describes himself as a “plainclothes Rasta ? no dreadlocks.”

“Bob Marley had tapped into the power of the Rasta religion,” Forsythe explained, “which is connected to many other mystical movements ? African drumming, the potential for revival, good magic, the use of ganja to give a spiritual boost. It is medicine, all medicine, in that we feel a need to reach higher, and to be closer to a peaceful nature.”

Forsythe wants peace, but doesn’t want to be a victim of ganja laws, which he describes as “nothing more than an excuse for police to arrest people that they already don’t like who aren’t hurting anybody but they have to find some excuse to get them so ganja is it.”

In 1996, after Forsythe had been practicing law for six years, a woman who was mad at him told police that Forsythe used ganja. Forsythe had already suffered through political persecution at the University of the West Indies, because he taught and wrote that Rastafarianism is a bona fide, positive, political force that could rebuild Jamaican society.

The woman’s accusation was all it took for a gang of police to “mash down” his front door. They found two ounces of ganja, and hauled the radical attorney, his wife, her daughter and his toddler son off to jail.

“One of the terrible things about the ganja law is that most people just cave in and plead guilty and pay the fine,” Forsythe said. “They don’t want any criminal record. That impedes the rest of your life. They don’t want any more trouble. The law tries to rob you of your dignity, your will to fight back.”

Emboldened by the example of Rasta heroes past and present, Forsythe mounted a constitutional challenge against his arrest.

“I taught courses on religion for many years,” he explained. “It was clear to me that the law violated Section 21 of our Constitution, which guarantees freedom of religion and conscience. Ganja is the wisdom weed, a vital part of our religion. I represented myself after I asked eight different lawyers to represent me and finally decided I had to do it myself. This case went all the way to Jamaica’s Constitutional Court. My challenge was denied in May, 1997, but in a fashion that clearly shows the prejudice and ignorance of our conservative judicial system.

The Chief Justice, Mr Wolfe, said that my ‘contention’ that I must be free to practice the Rasta religion was ‘untenable.’ Mr Wolfe further said, ‘His understanding of the freedom of conscience is misguided. Taken to its logical conclusion, it would mean that the offering of human sacrifice in the practice of a religion would be unobjectionable.’ So there you have it. One of the most learned men in this country equates using ganja with human sacrifice. He supposes that he gets to define my religious experience, and prohibit it.”

Forsythe has considered the option of going above Jamaica’s highest court by appealing the decision to England’s Privy Council.

“I think the English judges would agree with my position,” he said, “and that it would set an international precedent. But it is so costly. I cannot afford to do it.”

But all is not lost. Forsythe told me he is about to release a book that outlines his struggle, and the struggle of others, against ganja laws worldwide. And he is cheered by a recent ruling handed down in Guam’s Superior Court. As Forsythe tells it, a Rastafarian holy man named Benny Guerrero was caught bringing ganja into Guam in 1991.

Forsythe says “Ras Benny” fought the charge by arguing that it violated his religious freedom.

“The judge agreed with him. He ruled in August that Ras Benny had proved he was Rasta, and that his use of marijuana is a part of his religion. He ruled that the government had no compelling interest to deny him the right to use his medicine, and that the law against ganja violated their Constitution and the US Religious Freedom Restoration Act. Judge Bordallo further ruled that if it is legal for Ras Benny to use and have ganja, it must also be legal for him to procure it. It is this kind of ruling that gives us hope,” Forsythe said. “It is this kind of ruling that helps us believe that justice and right will prevail.”

Epilogue: Back to Babylon

I sat on the balcony of my hotel room in Kingston on the last night of my sojourn, smoking a fine spliff, watching a steel band next to the pool twelve stories below. The herb, given me by J (see sidebar), was sweet and smooth, easy to roll, light up, and inhale. The high was cheerful and penetrating, easing my aching body, like the band’s calypso medley of Marley songs. “Is this love, is this love, that I’m feeling? No woman, no cry.”

I looked at my notes, my rolls of film, the kind buds I’d have to leave behind in the morning, remembering the taste of fried plantains, bammy, chicken baked in coconut, aged rum, roast breadfruit, mango.

Memories of conversations and images swept over me, like the glistening lights of Kingston, quiet now as the band finished their set, looking like a little village, jewels in the crown, gilded by mountains.

I heard again the voice of one of Dr Lampart’s relatives, an engineer of considerable social rank, who described being rousted from bed in the middle of the night by a police officer summoning him by phone to a roadside where his son and friends had been caught with a spliff. The officer hectoring the kids, attempting to shame them, surprised when the engineer dad didn’t join in the tirade.

The same man remembering a long time ago, in the days of mandatory minimum sentences: “We had a wonderful gardener, a family man, very quiet and good-hearted. Somebody took a dislike to him, and put some ganja under his bike seat, and called the police, and they threw him in jail for many months, and when he came out he was a ruined, destroyed, lost soul.”

I recalled my conversation with Dennis Daly, a 64-year-old human rights attorney and founder of the Jamaican Coalition for Human Rights, in 1968, who talked candidly about the police using ganja laws to crush people, especially Rastafarians.

“The government has special squads that are really paramilitary organizations with carte blanche to dismantle gangs by killing the gang leaders,” he said. “It amounts to execution in cold blood, so that they have become more criminal than the people they pursue. I am not a ganja smoker, but the law itself is a violation of human rights. To be honest, we are very close to becoming a police state.”

Those echoes stayed with me as I sent phat spliffs into the dark sky early the next morning, watching them rain down on the empty pool deck below, then checked out of my room.

At the airport, a huge, color mural depicted Jamaica’s tumultuous history, including a Rasta elder smoking an herb pipe. Then back on Air Jamaica, filled mostly with Jamaicans in business suits and a few dead-eyed tourists, partied out. Destination Babylon.

At Miami Airport, a beefy doughboy in US Customs Uniform with an ugly black drug dog bounded onto the plane before we even had a chance to unfasten our seatbelts. The fascist canine put his nose in my crotch, then sniffed my ganja-stained hands. His handler was looking down a Jamaican woman’s cleavage. I hit the dog with my tripod.

Imprisoned on the plane for ten minutes while the dog smelled everyone and everything, then herded like sheep up a ramp, under the watchful eye of more Customs agents, into a sterile, overly lit quarantine area. Standing in line forever while the dog glided up and down, putting its nose on everyone. Long-haired, arrogant, shifty-eyed male and female agents rudely pulled people out of line. “Why are you here? What do you have in your briefcase? How much money do you have? State your business in this country. Have you secreted anything inside your body? Would you please come with us to secondary search area?”

They forced a man carrying a fragile electronic testing device to practically disassemble the device on the ground, while three goons stood over him, prodding the machine.

I asked a female agent if I could take pictures. No, she replied, why do you want to? I’m a journalist. Really? Too bad. We usually search journalists. We can take your film. Do you have anything you want to declare?

Did I ever! What I wanted to declare was that the Rastafari are right. We are living in the end times, the apocalypse, Armageddon. It doesn’t rain as much as it used to, a grower told me, and when it does rain, “It be fierce. The balance is gone. Nature dying.”

Who doubts that the US is Babylon, metaphorically and literally? It exports death and drug wars all over the world, robs gentle men and women of their medicines, greets harmless visitors with police agents who would have been comfortable as KGB goons.

Waiting, waiting for the luggage. All luggage from all arriving Air Jamaica flights is delayed in all airports in the US, the ticket agent tells me, because US Customs searches for ganja. I see my suitcase in an hour. It has been opened, the contents disturbed.

It is not because I want to feel good in spite of it all that I flash on this final revelation. In the strength of an 81-year-old doctor, a university professor, a Senator, an Asian-Canadian-Jamaican, a Rasta attorney, and millions of allies in Jamaica and across the world, there is a culture, kindred spirits united by ganja, fighting Babylon.

What brought me together in easy friendship with men and women whose language, experiences, customs, prejudices, histories and tragedies are a world apart from mine? Ganja. The same sensi gardens I saw growing on the island hillside, I’ve seen in British Columbia, California, Florida, Europe. The same ganja spirit, the same tasty smoke rising from our lungs into the air. The same feeling of warmth and reassurance. The same resistance to evil, the dogged determination to kill the beast of Babylon, and to have fun doing it.

Yet with this Hitlerized century ending and the year 2000 rushing in, I find myself somehow optimistic.

I keep having this dream: I’m floating in the Caribbean on a raft made of palm trees. The helicopters and coast guards have crashed, boats loaded with ganja freely roam. With me is Charles, grinning his crooked grin and handing me a coconut. Dr Lampart is there, healing patients. Louis, the two Pauls, Dennises and Trevors are amicably discussing politics. KD Knight and the Prime Minister are smoking spliffs for the first time, laughing like children. Wives, babes and mistresses lounge with us, their perfume perfectly combines with the salt air.

I drink coconut juice, inhale a spliff, and we sing Bob’s songs long after the sun goes down. The island is free.

? People’s National Party (PNP): 89 Old Hope Road, Kingston 6, JA; tel (876) 927-7520 or 927-8886; fax (876) 927-4389; email [email protected]; web www.pnp.org.jm
? Jamaica Information Service: PO Box 2222, 58A Half-Way-Tree Road; Kingston 10, Jamaica, W.I.; tel (876) 926-3740; fax (876) 926-6715; email [email protected]; web www.jis.gov.jm



  1. Pingback: کولر صنعتی

  2. Pingback: خرید vpn

  3. Pingback: خرید vpn

  4. Pingback: سیستم cctv

  5. Pingback: خرید گوگل ادوردز

  6. Pingback: سیستم حفاظتی

  7. Pingback: خرید vpn وی پی ان

  8. Pingback: کولر صنعتی

  9. Pingback: سیستم حفاظتی

  10. Pingback: domain names for sale

  11. Pingback: داهوا

  12. Pingback: گوگل adwords

  13. Pingback: سیستم حفاظتی

  14. Pingback: persian tar

  15. Pingback: Closed-circuit television

  16. Pingback: Closed-circuit television

  17. Pingback: novinmarketing

  18. Pingback: وی پی ان ایفون

  19. Pingback: تبلیغ در گوگل ادوردز

  20. Pingback: دانلود hotspot shield برای ویندوز 10

  21. Pingback: رفع ارور 1009

  22. Pingback: خرید کولر صنعتی

  23. Pingback: خرید vpn برای آیفون تست

  24. Pingback: وی پی ان ایفون

  25. Pingback: کولر صنعتی گرگان

  26. Pingback: vpn

  27. Pingback: گوگل adwords

  28. Pingback: wesite development mauritius

  29. Pingback: Andrew Wright Attorney Maine

  30. Pingback: گوگل adwords

  31. Pingback: Belize motels

  32. Pingback: کولر صنعتی پرتابل

  33. Pingback: خرید vpn

  34. Pingback: خرید vpn پرسرعت برای کامپیوتر

  35. Pingback: رفع ارور 1009

  36. Pingback: کولر صنعتی سلولزی

  37. Pingback: رفع ارور 1009

  38. Pingback: رفع ارور 1009

  39. Pingback: cheap hosting

  40. Pingback: online gambling sites

  41. Pingback: خريد vpn براي ايفون

  42. Pingback: termeh

  43. Pingback: best shopping deals today

  44. Pingback: تبلیغ گوگل

  45. Pingback: خريد vpn براي ايفون

  46. Pingback: sex toy

  47. Pingback: قیمت کولر آبی 35000

  48. Pingback: Plastering Services in London

  49. Pingback: فیلتر شکن قوی رایگان

  50. Pingback: نحوه تنظیم پروکسی تلگرام

  51. Pingback: Commercial Law Solicitors in London

  52. Pingback: Immigration Lawyers in London

  53. Pingback: خرید وی پی ان

  54. Pingback: Rbxtrading

  55. Pingback: خرید اکانت vpn

  56. Pingback: تبلیغ در گوگل

  57. Pingback: خرید وی پی ان

  58. Pingback: کولر صنعتی

  59. Pingback: قیمت کولر آبی 40000

  60. Pingback: خرید کریو پرسرعت بدون قطعی

  61. Pingback: خرید vpn

  62. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  63. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  64. Pingback: Heavy weight white karate uniforms by bold

  65. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  66. Pingback: tam

  67. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  68. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  69. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  70. Pingback: کولر صنعتی

  71. Pingback: تبلیغات در گوگل

  72. Pingback: rsync vs Managed File Transfer

  73. Pingback: خرید vpn

  74. Pingback: SIlverware bags prints

  75. Pingback: خرید کولر صنعتی

  76. Pingback: InsideHackers Review

  77. Pingback: a fantastic read

  78. Pingback: خرید vpn پرسرعت

  79. Pingback: خرید کریو

  80. Pingback: خرید اکانت کریو

  81. Pingback: فیلترشکن اندروید

  82. Pingback: خرید vpn

  83. Pingback: خرید vpn

  84. Pingback: خرید اکانت vpn

  85. Pingback: bangladesh men's embroidery shirts supplier

  86. Pingback: خرید کریو پرسرعت

  87. Pingback: Water To Water Chiller

  88. Pingback: خرید کریو پرسرعت

  89. Pingback: coffee machines

  90. Pingback: خرید vpn

  91. Pingback: خرید فیلترشکن

  92. Pingback: خرید vpn

  93. Pingback: تولید محتوا

  94. Pingback: coffee beans

  95. Pingback: buy kona coffee

  96. Pingback: سئو سایت

  97. Pingback: you could try this out

  98. Pingback: خرید vpn

  99. Pingback: persian tar

  100. Pingback: buy 100%

  101. Pingback: خرید کریو

  102. Pingback: طراحی سایت

  103. Pingback: kona coffee beans

  104. Pingback: خرید وی پی ان اندروید

  105. Pingback: خرید vpn

  106. Pingback: خرید vpn فیلترشکن

  107. Pingback: خرید vpn ایپد

  108. Pingback: Gigi Cesare Official Video

  109. Pingback: necklace Hong Kong

  110. Pingback: Buy Dresses Online

  111. Pingback: sex video

  112. Pingback: 90's R&B

  113. Pingback: Throwback music

  114. Pingback: Panjab Police

  115. Pingback: forex trading with bonus

  116. Pingback: Ariat, Justin Boots, Tony Lama, Lucchese, Carolina boots, Double H, Chippewa

  117. Pingback: The Best Family Doctor in Kent

  118. Pingback: alanah rae

  119. Pingback: statesville auto glass

  120. Pingback: check my site

  121. Pingback: you could try these out

  122. Pingback: women clothes online shopping

  123. Pingback: Cheap Web Hosting

  124. Pingback: 100% pure kona coffee

  125. Pingback: evaporator assembly

  126. Pingback: 美容外科

  127. Pingback: Little Lunch little Italy

  128. Pingback: 卡巴熊

  129. Pingback: bunny sex toy

  130. Pingback: carpet cleaning plantation fl

  131. Pingback: Less Of Tour

  132. Pingback: A&E Triple Play Pleasure Pump

  133. Pingback: best sex lubricant

  134. Pingback: Adam and Eve Penis Extender

  135. Pingback: Petite vibrator

  136. Pingback: طراحی سایت ارزان

  137. Pingback: rhalyns store

  138. Pingback: Twitter

  139. Pingback: anal sex starter kit

  140. Pingback: clitoral stimulation

  141. Pingback: best finger vibrator

  142. Pingback: خرید کریو

  143. Pingback: خرید وی پی ان

  144. Pingback: how to use ring vibrator

  145. Pingback: اپل ایدی

  146. Pingback: خرید apple id

  147. Pingback: realistic dildo

  148. Pingback: hey 19 stroker

  149. Pingback: how to get ready for anal sex

  150. Pingback: womanizer pro

  151. Pingback: Orlando SEO agency

  152. Pingback: vibrator prostate orgasm

  153. Pingback: best water based lube

  154. Pingback: mini massager

  155. Pingback: buy vigra online

  156. Pingback: best kona coffee online

  157. Pingback: best kona coffee beans

  158. Pingback: huge dildo review

  159. Pingback: double penetration vibrating dildo

  160. Pingback: strap on harness

  161. Pingback: Sell Bitcoin for Paypal

  162. Pingback: Professional Mason in Wall NJ

  163. Pingback: sex movie

  164. Pingback: social

  165. Pingback: pure enrichment peak

  166. Pingback: best vibrator to get

  167. Pingback: free download for windows 7

  168. Pingback: free download for pc windows

  169. Pingback: خرید لامپهای دوربین دار

  170. Pingback: apps for pc download

  171. Pingback: app pc download for windows

  172. Pingback: free download for pc windows

  173. Pingback: pc games for windows 8

  174. Pingback: Doc Johnson dildo

  175. Pingback: 568-3606

  176. Pingback: SEO specialist

  177. Pingback: senegal contre gabon

  178. Pingback: sex feather

  179. Pingback: هایک ویژن

  180. Pingback: طراحی سایت

  181. Pingback: how to get dildo

  182. Pingback: best personal lube on the market

  183. Pingback: g spot sex toy

  184. Pingback: تولید محتوا

  185. Pingback: best egg vibrator

  186. Pingback: adam and eve free shipping

  187. Pingback: adam and eve sexy lingerie

  188. Pingback: adam and eve romance kit

  189. Pingback: adam and eve online

  190. Pingback: oplata smieciowa warszawa

  191. Pingback: the best female sex toy

  192. Pingback: facebook verification code receive

  193. Pingback: prepaid card

  194. Pingback: خرید اپل آیدی

  195. Pingback: real life sex dolls

  196. Pingback: خرید اپل ایدی

  197. Pingback: 2018 mercedes c63s amg armytrix valvetronic exhaust

  198. Pingback: buy female vibrator

  199. Pingback: big o

  200. Pingback: طراحی سایت

  201. Pingback: هزینه تولید محتوا

  202. Pingback: como mantener una buena ereccion

  203. Pingback: Limo Service Minneapolis

  204. Pingback: دزدگیر اماکن

  205. Pingback: ربح البيتكوين

  206. Pingback: A&E G-Bunny Slim

  207. Pingback: Power Stud Rod Vibrator

  208. Pingback: تعمیرات دوربین مدار بسته

  209. Pingback: Airport Limo Mineapolis

  210. Pingback: strap on penis

  211. Pingback: کفسابی

  212. Pingback: realistic didlo

  213. Pingback: Tinglers Vibrating Butt Plug

  214. Pingback: glass prostate toys

  215. Pingback: کمد

  216. Pingback: sex underwear

  217. Pingback: wholesale web hosting

  218. Pingback: quinny

  219. Pingback: خرید دوربین مداربسته

  220. Pingback: what to prepare for anal sex

  221. Pingback: هایک ویژن پارس ارتباط

  222. Pingback: Xvideo

  223. Pingback: do penis pumps work

  224. Pingback: best finger vibrator

  225. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته ارزان قیمت

  226. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته پویابین

  227. Pingback: 愛迪達鞋子

  228. Pingback: domain

  229. Pingback: multi speed bullet vibrator

  230. Pingback: wahl mini massager

  231. Pingback: top rated female vibrators

  232. Pingback: adam and eve sex toy shop

  233. Pingback: sex toys kit

  234. Pingback: chubby fun vibe

  235. Pingback: sex toys for beginners

  236. Pingback: خدمات تولید محتوا

  237. Pingback: adam and eve vibrators

  238. Pingback: Web Development Company

  239. Pingback: latest technology

  240. Pingback: بازاریابی محتوا

  241. Pingback: martial arts and gymnastics mixed

  242. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته مخفی

  243. Pingback: dome tent for rent

  244. Pingback: ترمیم مو و کاشت مو

  245. Pingback: life in the military

  246. Pingback: kona coffee beans

  247. Pingback: بازاریابی شبکه اجتماعی

  248. Pingback: بازاریابی محتوا

  249. Pingback: methane enrichment

  250. Pingback: suterh

  251. Pingback: Top-Rated Ben Wa Balls

  252. Pingback: best bullet vibrator

  253. Pingback: Lovehoney

  254. Pingback: best bullet vibrator

  255. Pingback: قیمت دوربین آنالوگ

  256. Pingback: بهترین دوربین دنده عقب

  257. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته وای فای

  258. Pingback: find a hacker

  259. Pingback: ขายผ้าราคาถูก

  260. Pingback: Montreal Canada

  261. Pingback: psicologo adicciones

  262. Pingback: Indian Hair Wholesale

  263. Pingback: Virgin Hair Wholesale

  264. Pingback: Malaysian Hair Wholesale

  265. Pingback: Peruvian Hair Wholesale

  266. Pingback: Milky Way Hair Wholesale

  267. Pingback: Hair Extensions Wholesale

  268. Pingback: Remy Hair Extensions Wholesale

  269. Pingback: Hair Sisters Wholesale

  270. Pingback: Milky Way Hair Wholesale

  271. Pingback: porn movie

  272. Pingback: ارزانترین دوربین مدار بسته

  273. Pingback: porn movie

  274. Pingback: rsform free download joomla 2.5

  275. Pingback: Brazilian Hair

  276. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته دی جی کالا

  277. Pingback: بازاریابی شبکه های اجتماعی

  278. Pingback: تولید محتوا

  279. Pingback: قیمت پک کامل دوربین مداربسته

  280. Pingback: adam eve offer code

  281. Pingback: تجهیزات ورزشی پویاجیم

  282. Pingback: adam & eve adult toys

  283. Pingback: morocco sahara desert tours

  284. Pingback: anal plug

  285. Pingback: تردمیل خانگی

  286. Pingback: Dog Supplies

  287. Pingback: 12bet

  288. Pingback: Cape Town

  289. Pingback: vibrator

  290. Pingback: huge dildo review

  291. Pingback: g spot stimulator

  292. Pingback: mr marcus dildo

  293. Pingback: penis mold

  294. Pingback: Adam and Eve Canada

  295. Pingback: How to Use a Vibrator

  296. Pingback: Best Penis Pumps

  297. Pingback: Pocket Pussy

  298. Pingback: Pocket Pussies

  299. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته هایک ویژن

  300. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته هایک ویژن

  301. Pingback: نصاب دوربین مدار بسته نیازمندیم

  302. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته آنالوگ

  303. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته بی سیم وایرلس

  304. Pingback: دوربین های مدار بسته

  305. Pingback: female vibrator

  306. Pingback: female sexual enhancer

  307. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته ارزان

  308. Pingback: Best Toy Cleaner

  309. Pingback: remote vibrating butt plug

  310. Pingback: yunging19

  311. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys shop

  312. Pingback: MAG

  313. Pingback: best kona coffee online

  314. Pingback: chennai news

  315. Pingback: Best Kona Coffee Online

  316. Pingback: lesbian couple toys

  317. Pingback: adamandeve.com

  318. Pingback: Stockton taxi to Sacramento airport

  319. Pingback: shoe company

  320. Pingback: womens fashion

  321. Pingback: Pink Slim

  322. Pingback: venus butterfly

  323. Pingback: Wild Vibrator

  324. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته ارزان

  325. Pingback: legit work from home jobs with no startup fee

  326. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته ارزان

  327. Pingback: smtp server

  328. Pingback: پک آماده دوربین مدار بسته

  329. Pingback: runway news

  330. Pingback: Andrew Wright Attorney

  331. Pingback: Download Photos

  332. Pingback: Band

  333. Pingback: fall fashion sale

  334. Pingback: Home facial treatment machine

  335. Pingback: fall fashion sale

  336. Pingback: fall fashion sale

  337. Pingback: Florida Resident Database

  338. Pingback: 동화세상에듀코

  339. Pingback: usuwanie dpf

  340. Pingback: بهترین مارک دوربین مدار بسته

  341. Pingback: فروش دوربین های مدار بسته مخفی

  342. Pingback: نصب و اجرای دوربین مداربسته

  343. Pingback: نصب دوربین های مدار بسته

  344. Pingback: nonslip tape

  345. Pingback: Chanel shoes winter stock

  346. Pingback: Mu Cang Chai Vietnam

  347. Pingback: free download for pc

  348. Pingback: pc apps for windows 10

  349. Pingback: آموزش نصب دوربین های مدار بسته

  350. Pingback: بهترین مارک دوربین مدار بسته

  351. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته پویابین

  352. Pingback: games for laptop download

  353. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  354. Pingback: laptop app

  355. Pingback: pc games for windows xp

  356. Pingback: نصب و اجرای دوربین مداربسته

  357. Pingback: coffee beans Hawaii best gourmet kona

  358. Pingback: #spirituality

  359. Pingback: free download for windows pc

  360. Pingback: نصب دوربین های مدار بسته

  361. Pingback: کمد دیواری

  362. Pingback: Advance Polythene Tape

  363. Pingback: نصب و اجرای دوربین مداربسته

  364. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته پویابین

  365. Pingback: Ba Be Lake Homestay

  366. Pingback: iron stair parts

  367. Pingback: http://www.indigo.co

  368. Pingback: http://www.magnetic.co.uk/Category/magnetic-letters-numbers

  369. Pingback: cardboard boxs

  370. Pingback: legit work from home jobs 2017

  371. Pingback: married couples dating

  372. Pingback: masturbation

  373. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته

  374. Pingback: آموزش نصب دوربین های مدار بسته

  375. Pingback: بهترین مارک دوربین مدار بسته

  376. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته پویابین

  377. Pingback: Butterfly Vibrator

  378. Pingback: آموزش نصب دوربین های مدار بسته

  379. Pingback: Survival Ebooks

  380. Pingback: master resale

  381. Pingback: High Precision Dosing Peristaltic Pump

  382. Pingback: بهترین مارک دوربین مدار بسته

  383. Pingback: دوربین مدار بسته پویابین

  384. Pingback: Exclusive Rap Beats

  385. Pingback: Sealcoat

  386. Pingback: Évora

  387. Pingback: huge dong

  388. Pingback: vibrating strapon

  389. Pingback: couples toys

  390. Pingback: portable sex swing

  391. Pingback: فروش دوربین های مدار بسته مخفی

  392. Pingback: طراحی سایت توسط پویا وب

  393. Pingback: Young Money

  394. Pingback: #edm

  395. Pingback: فروش دوربین های مدار بسته مخفی

  396. Pingback: نصب و اجرای دوربین مداربسته

  397. Pingback: ترمیم مو و کاشت مو

  398. Pingback: couples sex toys

  399. Pingback: طراحی سایت خبری

  400. Pingback: white tkd dobock

  401. Pingback: adult sex toy

  402. Pingback: نصب دوربین های مدار بسته

  403. Pingback: double ended dildo

  404. Pingback: tuffreel

  405. Pingback: Extra strong magnets

  406. Pingback: {دوربین مداربسته|دوربین مداربسته سامسونگ|دوربین مداربسته آنالوگ|دوربین مداربسته مخفی|دوربین مداربسته داهوا|دوربین مداربسته مجلس|دوربین مداربسته به انگلیسی|دوربین مداربسته وای فای|دوربین مداربسته وایرلس|دوربین مداربسته بیسیم|دوربین مداربسته ip|دوربین مداربسته هایک ویژن|دوربین مداربسته پاناسونیک|دوربین مداربسته خودرو|دوربین مداربسته چیست|دوربين مداربسته|دوربین مداربسته تحت شبکه|دوربین مداربسته قیمت|دوربین مداربسته سونی|دوربین مدار بسته کوچک|دوربین مداربسته ahd|مداربسته دوربین|دوربین مدار بسته وایرلس|دوربین مداربسته ارزان|دوربین مداربسته دیجیتال|دوربین مداربسته رم خور|دوربین مداربسته دید در شب|دوربینهای مداربسته|دوربین مداربسته hd|دوربین مدار بسته|دوربین مدار بسته مخفی|دوربین مداربسته بیسیم|دوربین مداربسته ارزان|دوربین مدار بسته مجلس|دوربین مداربسته ahd|دوربین مداربسته وای فای|دوربین مداربسته به انگلیسی|دوربین مداربسته سامسونگ|دوربین مدار بسته ماشین|دوربین مداربسته ip|دوربین مدار بسته بیسیم ارزان قیمت|دوربین مدار بسته رم خور|دوربین مدار بسته قیمت|دوربین مدار بسته بیسیم با برد بالا|دوربین مدار بسته بیسیم حافظه دار|دوربين مدار بسته|دوربین مداربسته چیست|دوربین مدار بسته وایرلس|دوربین مداربسته تحت شبکه|دوربین مداربسته پاناسونیک|مدار بسته دوربین|مدار بسته دوربین بیسیم|مدار بسته دوربین مینیاتوری|مدار بسته دوربين|خرید مدار بسته دوربین|مدار بسته انواع دوربین|دوربین مداربسته سونی|دوربین مداربسته دام}

  407. Pingback: adammale.com

  408. Pingback: کفسابی

  409. Pingback: مشاوره حقوقی

  410. Pingback: toys for couples

  411. Pingback: strap sex toys

  412. Pingback: vibrating dong

  413. Pingback: sex position card game

  414. Pingback: Amber Hawkins

  415. Pingback: macho heavyweight karate gi

  416. Pingback: ترمیم مو

  417. Pingback: Mikemaid 7447

  418. Pingback: Cock ring

  419. Pingback: قیمت دوربین مدار بسته

  420. Pingback: foreplay

  421. Pingback: Anal toys

  422. Pingback: bdsm

  423. Pingback: adam and eve

  424. Pingback: best selling vibrator

  425. Pingback: billing

  426. Pingback: best lube brands

  427. Pingback: دوربین مداربسته خودرو

  428. Pingback: pleasure rabbit

  429. Pingback: digital download script

  430. Pingback: how cholesterol levels predict your health

  431. Pingback: condo

  432. Pingback: Safest forex brokers

  433. Pingback: Covington

  434. Pingback: Download French Montana Mixtapes

  435. Pingback: Out Of Town 66

  436. Pingback: Ninh Binh Tour

  437. Pingback: ノロウイルス

  438. Pingback: skoleni jerabniku

  439. Pingback: cargo

  440. Pingback: Download Free MP3

  441. Pingback: Download Blends Mixtapes Free

  442. Pingback: play online games on pc

  443. Pingback: dynamics beginner karate uniform

  444. Pingback: prostate massage toy

  445. Pingback: ترمیم موی طبیعی

  446. Pingback: sex lotion

  447. Pingback: best bullet vibrator

  448. Pingback: silicone love rider dual penetrator

  449. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys

  450. Pingback: پویا ویلا

  451. Pingback: big realistic vibrator

  452. Pingback: bullet sex toy

  453. Pingback: vibrators for women

  454. Pingback: فروش apple id

  455. Pingback: prostate massage

  456. Pingback: اجاره ویلا در رامسر

  457. Pingback: dildo review

  458. Pingback: sex toys for couples

  459. Pingback: magnetic label tape

  460. Pingback: تردمیل خانگی تایوانی

  461. Pingback: temporary site protection

  462. Pingback: flame retardant polythene

  463. Pingback: sasha grey pocket pal

  464. Pingback: wand vibrator

  465. Pingback: sex

  466. Pingback: Bdsm

  467. Pingback: خرید اپل ایدی

  468. Pingback: dong

  469. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys

  470. Pingback: biotech stocks

  471. Pingback: خرید vpn آمریکا

  472. Pingback: battle anime

  473. Pingback: Steel leg stretching machine

  474. Pingback: lgbt anal toys

  475. Pingback: clitoral stimulation cream

  476. Pingback: کفسابی

  477. Pingback: تعمیر لوازم خانگی

  478. Pingback: g spot stimulation

  479. Pingback: couples sex toys

  480. Pingback: tratamento de Alcoolismo

  481. Pingback: Minihaziko

  482. Pingback: adam and eve products

  483. Pingback: Contracting

  484. Pingback: day trade stocks

  485. Pingback: coupon code

  486. Pingback: Best Sex Toys for Men

  487. Pingback: femalelibidoreview

  488. Pingback: best realistic vibrating dildo

  489. Pingback: Best G Spot Vibrator

  490. Pingback: penis stroker

  491. Pingback: glass vibrator

  492. Pingback: wand massagers

  493. Pingback: app for pc download

  494. Pingback: classic organic sauerkraut

  495. Pingback: pc games for windows xp

  496. Pingback: games for laptop download

  497. Pingback: butt plug training

  498. Pingback: sex toys dildos

  499. Pingback: fermented pickles

  500. Pingback: sexy lingerie

  501. Pingback: cock ring vibrator

  502. Pingback: Adam and Eve Big Rack Stroker

  503. Pingback: pussy power

  504. Pingback: online auction

  505. Pingback: Couples Kit

  506. Pingback: intuit serial keys

  507. Pingback: penis pump review

  508. Pingback: Vibrating Cock Ring

  509. Pingback: turkey womens short sleeve t shirts manufacturer

  510. Pingback: g spot vibrator review

  511. Pingback: adam \u0026 eve

  512. Pingback: Adam and Eve Vibrator

  513. Pingback: Best Male Stroker

  514. Pingback: clitoriffic vibrator

  515. Pingback: adam and eve

  516. Pingback: adamandeve.com

  517. Pingback: thegayfrat

  518. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys

  519. Pingback: adult sex toy

  520. Pingback: نصب دوربین مداربسته

  521. Pingback: ABS Module Intercooler

  522. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys

  523. Pingback: before having sex

  524. Pingback: usb vibrator

  525. Pingback: beginner's penis pump

  526. Pingback: bondage sex toys

  527. Pingback: pocket masturbator

  528. Pingback: 3-axis laser scanning systems

  529. Pingback: hair loss clinic Singapore

  530. Pingback: light mirror vanity

  531. Pingback: strap on anal dildo

  532. Pingback: flex vibrator’s bendabl

  533. Pingback: Solo Play

  534. Pingback: adam \u0026 eve

  535. Pingback: bondage equipment

  536. Pingback: YouTubers

  537. Pingback: education

  538. Pingback: adult sex toy

  539. Pingback: adam and eve

  540. Pingback: ac repair

  541. Pingback: free download for pc

  542. Pingback: free download for windows 7

  543. Pingback: adam and eve

  544. Pingback: sex toys

  545. Pingback: pc games download for windows 10

  546. Pingback: rabbit sex toys

  547. Pingback: http://mer99furniture.com

  548. Pingback: pc games for windows 7

  549. Pingback: bondage toys

  550. Pingback: sex underwear

  551. Pingback: anal

  552. Pingback: Allegheny County divorce forms

  553. Pingback: construction equipment repair

  554. Pingback: adam and eve

  555. Pingback: home page

  556. Pingback: pc games for windows 7

  557. Pingback: pc app free download

  558. Pingback: longer erection

  559. Pingback: Bond back cleaning in Melbourne

  560. Pingback: Sripatum university

  561. Pingback: water based lube

  562. Pingback: best seller penis sleeve

  563. Pingback: how to

  564. Pingback: Best Lube

  565. Pingback: Bondage Restraint

  566. Pingback: Best Male Masturbator

  567. Pingback: Dolphin Sex Toy

  568. Pingback: Sex Cream

  569. Pingback: Magic Wand Massager

  570. Pingback: Magic Massager Deluxe

  571. Pingback: Butterfly Kiss Vibrator

  572. Pingback: where to buy silicone vibrator

  573. Pingback: clit

  574. Pingback: adult toy

  575. Pingback: interior design Singapore

  576. Pingback: kala jadu

  577. Pingback: The latest sports news from the most popular sporting event

  578. Pingback: bandiera Italia

  579. Pingback: vacate cleaning Melbourne

  580. Pingback: g spot stimulator

  581. Pingback: rotating vibrator

  582. Pingback: Candles

  583. Pingback: dr. kat

  584. Pingback: Clit Vibrator

  585. Pingback: butt plug

  586. Pingback: inflatable butt pug

  587. Pingback: butt plug

  588. Pingback: gay toys

  589. Pingback: butt plug

  590. Pingback: seattle pest control

  591. Pingback: Healthy food easy to prepare

  592. Pingback: Carpet steam cleaning Melbourne

  593. Pingback: max results pump

  594. Pingback: g spot vibrator

  595. Pingback: label besi

  596. Pingback: auto detailing

  597. Pingback: Mitsubishi brush cutter parts

  598. Pingback: end of lease clean Melbourne

  599. Pingback: real feel dildo

  600. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  601. Pingback: military in iraq blog

  602. Pingback: binary trading

  603. Pingback: Taoist Real Sex Talk

  604. Pingback: Quick News Updates

  605. Pingback: all forex brokers

  606. Pingback: lifelike dildo

  607. Pingback: no deposit bonus forex

  608. Pingback: bangal ka jadu

  609. Pingback: vibe

  610. Pingback: jack rabbit vibrator

  611. Pingback: Venture Point Network

  612. Pingback: website developers

  613. Pingback: vibrator

  614. Pingback: Wifi Socket Which Can Control All Your Home Appliances With Mobile

  615. Pingback: Queen duvet cover

  616. Pingback: online scr game

  617. Pingback: atlanta basement contractors

  618. Pingback: sex toys for nipples

  619. Pingback: pc games for windows xp

  620. Pingback: triple rabbit vibrator

  621. Pingback: g-spot

  622. Pingback: realistic vibrator

  623. Pingback: vibrating dildo

  624. Pingback: realistic dong

  625. Pingback: honey usa

  626. Pingback: Electronics

  627. Pingback: Viagra kaufen

  628. Pingback: download tama tube

  629. Pingback: tratamento de drogas

  630. Pingback: 100% pure kona

  631. Pingback: max dildo

  632. Pingback: dvd專賣店

  633. Pingback: surfboard for hire

  634. Pingback: rampant rabbit sex toys

  635. Pingback: male sex toys

  636. Pingback: adam & eve sex toys

  637. Pingback: sex toy butterfly

  638. Pingback: sex toys cleaner

  639. Pingback: sex toys for couples

  640. Pingback: g spot

  641. Pingback: unique antiques

  642. Pingback: unique antiques

  643. Pingback: white magic

  644. Pingback: pushup jeans

  645. Pingback: lefkoşa kirakık ev fiyatları

  646. Pingback: foldable wall bed

  647. Pingback: Make Money Online

  648. Pingback: sales leads

  649. Pingback: Morris

  650. Pingback: Essential Oils

  651. Pingback: Double Sided Dildo

  652. Pingback: lesbian double dildo

  653. Pingback: every day deals

  654. Pingback: buy kona

  655. Pingback: best kona

  656. Pingback: work at home 2018

  657. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys

  658. Pingback: women's health

  659. Pingback: retro jordans for sale

  660. Pingback: recovery clinic

  661. Pingback: belt for man

  662. Pingback: places to eat in ventura

  663. Pingback: Web Application Development Company

  664. Pingback: Size 0 00 empty capsules

  665. Pingback: purple vibe

  666. Pingback: Army regulation issue boots

  667. Pingback: data science courses

  668. Pingback: Buy Craft Beer Online

  669. Pingback: daily news

  670. Pingback: Birthday wishes for brother

  671. Pingback: https://youtu.be/c49tU2i2JSI

  672. Pingback: Happy Birthday wishes

  673. Pingback: How To Use A Strap On Dildo

  674. Pingback: Tantra

  675. Pingback: Wisdom teeth

  676. Pingback: shasta lake fishing

  677. Pingback: TensorFlow

  678. Pingback: kona 100%

  679. Pingback: pure kona

  680. Pingback: Sex Toy Reviews

  681. Pingback: Tantric Satin ties

  682. Pingback: sex problem

  683. Pingback: http://www.motupatlugameshd.com

  684. Pingback: http://www.hamptonbaylightinghd.com

  685. Pingback: piano

  686. Pingback: home page

  687. Pingback: nSpire Network Signup

  688. Pingback: margaritaville daytona

  689. Pingback: http://motuandpatlugames.com

  690. Pingback: adam and eve

  691. Pingback: motu and patlu

  692. Pingback: LED light sources Sanlibang

  693. Pingback: Permitting

  694. Pingback: california

  695. Pingback: pure kona

  696. Pingback: chicago

  697. Pingback: سرور مجاری فرانسه

  698. Pingback: buy beats

  699. Pingback: Cheap New England Patriots Jerseys

  700. Pingback: work at home 2017

  701. Pingback: cheater

  702. Pingback: 福井脱毛

  703. Pingback: Inspection in China

  704. Pingback: 福井脱毛

  705. Pingback: 福井脱毛

  706. Pingback: games for pc download

  707. Pingback: pc app free download

  708. Pingback: full apps pc download

  709. Pingback: Pinganillo

  710. Pingback: Arduino shields

  711. Pingback: 韓国エスコートアガシ

  712. Pingback: Cheap Indianapolis Colts Fitted Hats

  713. Pingback: phenterminedispensary.com

  714. Pingback: Pinganillo

  715. Pingback: best anal vibe

  716. Pingback: Italian food

  717. Pingback: adam and eve sex toys

  718. Pingback: data recovery

  719. Pingback: penis ring vibrator

  720. Pingback: sex

  721. Pingback: buy dildo

  722. Pingback: anal trainer kit

  723. Pingback: adam and eve haul

  724. Pingback: sex toy review

  725. Pingback: best clit vibrator

  726. Pingback: vibrating rabbit

  727. Pingback: adam and eve sex toy

  728. Pingback: adam and eve

  729. Pingback: smm panel

  730. Pingback: app pc download for windows

  731. Pingback: 2000 freightliner fl70 for sale

  732. Pingback: P_FINMGT_65 Certification Exam Questions and Answers

  733. Pingback: wireless microphone headset for fitness

  734. Pingback: microcamere spion

  735. Pingback: buy real youtube views

  736. Pingback: Best Gaming Headset 2017

  737. Pingback: amazon product rankings

  738. Pingback: Free Internet Radio

  739. Pingback: Download C6010-146 Certification Dumps

  740. Pingback: c diff natural remedies

  741. Pingback: meath

  742. Pingback: szybkie pozyczki

  743. Pingback: discount vibrator

  744. Pingback: sex toy

  745. Pingback: penis enlargement pump

  746. Pingback: dildo

  747. Pingback: Wand Massager

  748. Pingback: thrusting silicone vibrator

  749. Pingback: Male Masturbators

  750. Pingback: Sex Toy

  751. Pingback: desinfectionpunaisedelit

  752. Pingback: first time anal toy

  753. Pingback: livecam

  754. Pingback: fashionable travel clothes

  755. Pingback: telefonsex

  756. Pingback: payday loans

  757. Pingback: vibrators for women

  758. Pingback: clitoral stimulation

  759. Pingback: erotik

  760. Pingback: Buy ios reviews

  761. Pingback: διαφημιση

  762. Pingback: best anal toy

  763. Pingback: tel-sex.cc

  764. Pingback: why do people cheat

  765. Pingback: vibrator

  766. Pingback: https://youtu.be/kK7UQ9-3-D4

  767. Pingback: oh naughty rabbit vibrator

  768. Pingback: C9560-652 Certification Dumps

  769. Pingback: 木瓜

  770. Pingback: 100% pure mulvadi

  771. Pingback: 100% pure mulvadi

  772. Pingback: true wireless headphones

  773. Pingback: venus vibrator

  774. Pingback: Mitsibishi

  775. Pingback: nike jordan

  776. Pingback: Sell. Free Stuff

  777. Pingback: Vibrator Sex Toys

  778. Pingback: Chaga Pilz

  779. Pingback: Squirmy Rabbit Love-Her

  780. Pingback: full version pc games download

  781. Pingback: app download for windows 8

  782. Pingback: Butt Plug

  783. Pingback: menage a trois dp strap on

  784. Pingback: adam and eve

  785. Pingback: miniclip

  786. Pingback: pc apps

  787. Pingback: clitoris vibrator

  788. Pingback: strapon

  789. Pingback: apps for pc download

  790. Pingback: app download for pc

  791. Pingback: pure kona coffee

  792. Pingback: https://youtu.be/_6FlbFkQdi0

  793. Pingback: coffee beans kona

  794. Pingback: pure kona lion

  795. Pingback: Android Fixed Firmware

  796. Pingback: kerala

  797. Pingback: gall

  798. Pingback: free download for windows 8

  799. Pingback: pc games for windows 10

  800. Pingback: games for pc download

  801. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  802. Pingback: Photography

  803. Pingback: https://youtu.be/v9MMRSuY4SE

  804. Pingback: free download for laptop

  805. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  806. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  807. Pingback: Double Vibrator

  808. Pingback: Vibrator

  809. Pingback: SAI

  810. Pingback: relationships

  811. Pingback: auction luxury watches

  812. Pingback: superior auto institute

  813. Pingback: chain saw sharpening CBN wheel

  814. Pingback: 5ml jars

  815. Pingback: отель для кошек

  816. Pingback: riva web

  817. Pingback: edm consumables

  818. Pingback: Acoustic

  819. Pingback: Roof repair near me

  820. Pingback: PHP Music Store

  821. Pingback: 오버워치대리

  822. Pingback: malayalam movies

  823. Pingback: Freightliner Sprinter 2500 Cargo Van

  824. Pingback: bullet cock ring

  825. Pingback: lovehoney

  826. Pingback: rocks off

  827. Pingback: pdr training

  828. Pingback: games for pc download

  829. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  830. Pingback: space research world

  831. Pingback: little dogs

  832. Pingback: small dog

  833. Pingback: Auditor IT

  834. Pingback: سرور مجازی فرانسه

  835. Pingback: free tech

  836. Pingback: pc games download

  837. Pingback: pc games for windows xp

  838. Pingback: best sex doll

  839. Pingback: full version pc games download

  840. Pingback: Dpf

  841. Pingback: sex toys for women

  842. Pingback: Pornstar Pocket Pussy

  843. Pingback: make money from home

  844. Pingback: small dogs

  845. Pingback: Beni ourain

  846. Pingback: Drain basin repairs

  847. Pingback: https://youtu.be/LGAcnLXbnAw

  848. Pingback: Rabbit Stimulation

  849. Pingback: Evolved

  850. Pingback: chat and date

  851. Pingback: best kona coffee

  852. Pingback: best kona coffee

  853. Pingback: 스포츠닥터스

  854. Pingback: 스포츠닥터스

  855. Pingback: oral surgery

  856. Pingback: motherboard repair

  857. Pingback: best rabbit vibe

  858. Pingback: best male masturbater

  859. Pingback: games for pc download

  860. Pingback: apps for windows 7

  861. Pingback: DISCO HIRE HERTS

  862. Pingback: best massager for masterbation

  863. Pingback: anal sex toys

  864. Pingback: best site to book cheap hotels

  865. Pingback: Clasificados Wyoming

  866. Pingback: sexdolls

  867. Pingback: pracovni plosiny

  868. Pingback: montazni plosiny

  869. Pingback: pic share

  870. Pingback: Sex Toys for Couples

  871. Pingback: cPanel Web Hosting

  872. Pingback: domain auction

  873. Pingback: mitsubishi electric solar

  874. Pingback: piezas originales suzuki

  875. Pingback: tax benefits after retirement

  876. Pingback: 925 silver jewelry

  877. Pingback: iPhone screen repair

  878. Pingback: inchiriere apartamente timisoara

  879. Pingback: restraint cuff

  880. Pingback: oki

  881. Pingback: Interior design for your home

  882. Pingback: adam and eve sex toy shop

  883. Pingback: superiorautoinstitute.com

  884. Pingback: crotchless

  885. Pingback: best female sex toys

  886. Pingback: car wreckers melbourne

  887. Pingback: new and best sex toys vibrators

  888. Pingback: Carpet Cutter

  889. Pingback: classic auto salvage

  890. Pingback: 2012 truck for sale

  891. Pingback: Yoga

  892. Pingback: 오버워치 대리

  893. Pingback: Car Wrecker Melbourne

  894. Pingback: dildoes

  895. Pingback: clasificados online

  896. Pingback: this is my email address

  897. Pingback: 2 Chainz Mixtapes

  898. Pingback: Male Enhancement Pills

  899. Pingback: free chat app

  900. Pingback: G Spot Vibrator

  901. Pingback: Discover New Artists

  902. Pingback: DJ Barry Bee Mixtapes

  903. Pingback: Free Mixtape Downloads

  904. Pingback: Wiz Khalifa Mixtapes

  905. Pingback: digital marketing agency philippines

  906. Pingback: We buy houses Wichita, KS

  907. Pingback: toronto homes

  908. Pingback: videochat

  909. Pingback: Premium Employment Solicitors in London

  910. Pingback: taxi sölden

  911. Pingback: Phil

  912. Pingback: adult toys

  913. Pingback: best trucks for sale

  914. Pingback: trampoline park near me

  915. Pingback: size of dumpsters

  916. Pingback: best kona coffee

  917. Pingback: new games

  918. Pingback: tiles transfers

  919. Pingback: tile stickers waterproof

  920. Pingback: 100% kona

  921. Pingback: 이문희 감독

  922. Pingback: best anal vibrator

  923. Pingback: wild g vibrator

  924. Pingback: canada clothing

  925. Pingback: webcam models

  926. Pingback: top dating sites

  927. Pingback: double penetrator

  928. Pingback: bitcoin faucet

  929. Pingback: rabbit vibrator

  930. Pingback: sextoys

  931. Pingback: ფეხბურთი

  932. Pingback: backlinks

  933. Pingback: ماطور للبيع

  934. Pingback: vibrator

  935. Pingback: Wand Massager

  936. Pingback: dryer outside vent

  937. Pingback: a cleaning services

  938. Pingback: Dryer vent cleaning elmhurst

  939. Pingback: best vibrator

  940. Pingback: adult bedroom toys

  941. Pingback: adult bedroom toys

  942. Pingback: live webcam models shows

  943. Pingback: live webcam models shows

  944. Pingback: 被 美国 学校 开除

  945. Pingback: slot machines

  946. Pingback: Go Here

  947. Pingback: coffee from kona

  948. Pingback: pestanas

  949. Pingback: kaina

  950. Pingback: repair

  951. Pingback: Camiones De Volteo Kenworth

  952. Pingback: penis vibrator

  953. Pingback: download software for windows 8

  954. Pingback: best rechargeable vibrator

  955. Pingback: download games for pc

  956. Pingback: WasteEquipment

  957. Pingback: workfromhomejobs

  958. Pingback: web hosting small business

  959. Pingback: descargar

  960. Pingback: Power Stud Vibrator

  961. Pingback: Best Lubricant Sex

  962. Pingback: kona black gold coffee

  963. Pingback: go right here

  964. Pingback: coffee beans kona

  965. Pingback: best coffee kona

  966. Pingback: mountain coffee company

  967. Pingback: east english village emergency tow truck

  968. Pingback: new rollbacks for sale

  969. Pingback: keyword keyword

  970. Pingback: sexual performance enhancer

  971. Pingback: best keyword

  972. Pingback: Live adult webcam models

  973. Pingback: Naughty Kinky Valentines Gifts

  974. Pingback: iphone

  975. Pingback: Camionetas usadas de Venta en texas

  976. Pingback: recommended you read

  977. Pingback: affordable web design calgary

  978. Pingback: escort johor


  980. Pingback: adam and eve dvds

  981. Pingback: best fleshlight

  982. Pingback: online sex stores

  983. Pingback: VIC3-2FXS/DID

  984. Pingback: Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi

  985. Pingback: home sip service ontario

  986. Pingback: Leather slim cases for iPhone 7 plus

  987. Pingback: Enrollment

  988. Pingback: junk car buyers

  989. Pingback: here

  990. Pingback: Sex Bed Restraints,

  991. Pingback: vibrator,

  992. Pingback: How to Use a Tongue Vibrator,

  993. Pingback: Wholesale Eliquid

  994. Pingback: pc games for laptop

  995. Pingback: Water Based Lubricant

  996. Pingback: Best Dildo

  997. Pingback: Best G Spot Vibrator

  998. Pingback: Extreme vibrator

  999. Pingback: nike jordan

  1000. Pingback: fdstyle

  1001. Pingback: restaurants for sale/ to let

  1002. Pingback: pc games free download for laptop

  1003. Pingback: free download for windows xp

  1004. Pingback: ISA 500 Series

  1005. Pingback: American

  1006. Pingback: sex toy review

  1007. Pingback: Home Domestic Cleaning

  1008. Pingback: SEO services in lahore

  1009. Pingback: belleville boots for soldiers

  1010. Pingback: diet pills

  1011. Pingback: smartphones

  1012. Pingback: daily news portal

  1013. Pingback: Pro Se Divorce

  1014. Pingback: classic coffee

  1015. Pingback: Paralegal

  1016. Pingback: super mario run for pc

  1017. Pingback: Balers

  1018. Pingback: movers london

  1019. Pingback: Penis Extension

  1020. Pingback: free download for pc

  1021. Pingback: Pips Wizard Pro Review

  1022. Pingback: sex toys

  1023. Pingback: The Best G Spot Vibrators

  1024. Pingback: prehistorian

  1025. Pingback: kala jadoo

  1026. Pingback: penis extension toys

  1027. Pingback: Business directory in Spain

  1028. Pingback: pc games free download full version for windows 7

  1029. Pingback: life insurance options

  1030. Pingback: love spell caster

  1031. Pingback: Dodge

  1032. Pingback: free pc games download full version for windows 10

  1033. Pingback: free play slots

  1034. Pingback: barrie movers and storage

  1035. Pingback: essay writing company

  1036. Pingback: בגדי הריון

  1037. Pingback: 福井歯医者

  1038. Pingback: 福井歯医者

  1039. Pingback: 福井歯医者

  1040. Pingback: 福井歯医者

  1041. Pingback: pc games free download for mac

  1042. Pingback: full download for windows 7

  1043. Pingback: full download for windows 10

  1044. Pingback: pc games free download for mac

  1045. Pingback: paintless dent removal training

  1046. Pingback: how can i make money

  1047. Pingback: aircraft games for android

  1048. Pingback: pokemon leaf green

  1049. Pingback: dell optiplex parts

  1050. Pingback: nighties

  1051. Pingback: Couples Toys

  1052. Pingback: Silicone G-Spot Vibrator

  1053. Pingback: world news

  1054. Pingback: Buy Email Lists Australia

  1055. Pingback: kala jadoo

  1056. Pingback: kala jadu

  1057. Pingback: Kama Sutra

  1058. Pingback: a\u0026e true feel

  1059. Pingback: download android games

  1060. Pingback: Trenda

  1061. Pingback: Thrusting Vibrators

  1062. Pingback: Drug

  1063. Pingback: pc games free download for windows 10

  1064. Pingback: European River Cruises

  1065. Pingback: penny auctions in the uk

  1066. Pingback: pc games free download full version for windows 10

  1067. Pingback: plasma electronics

  1068. Pingback: Letra de

  1069. Pingback: Bialetti Replacement Gasket For 1 Cup Stovetop Espresso Coffee Makers

  1070. Pingback: LIVE TV

  1071. Pingback: Website Designers Aberdeen

  1072. Pingback: no cost work from home

  1073. Pingback: Gratis Descargar

  1074. Pingback: Thrusting Vibe

  1075. Pingback: bunny ears sex toy

  1076. Pingback: Personality type test

  1077. Pingback: Personality tests

  1078. Pingback: free software download for pc

  1079. Pingback: penis enlarger

  1080. Pingback: Radio Jahan

  1081. Pingback: Gratis Descargar Para Windows

  1082. Pingback: best male sex toys

  1083. Pingback: Best Pocket Pussy

  1084. Pingback: android tv box

  1085. Pingback: Choice Hotels

  1086. Pingback: San Diego Hotels

  1087. Pingback: Cheap Hotels Near Me

  1088. Pingback: сталик

  1089. Pingback: Drug and alcohol rehabilitation

  1090. Pingback: Most items $ 0.1

  1091. Pingback: Travel Agents Online

  1092. Pingback: Toned In Ten Review

  1093. Pingback: full software download for pc

  1094. Pingback: TAXI DUBROVNIK

  1095. Pingback: Have a Drug & Toxin Free Body

  1096. Pingback: Truck Stop

  1097. Pingback: Las Vegas PRP Hair Treatment

  1098. Pingback: free software download for windows 10

  1099. Pingback: what is the church of scientology

  1100. Pingback: new york times bestseller list

  1101. Pingback: Online FREE Personality Test

  1102. Pingback: Personality Test

  1103. Pingback: female vibrator

  1104. Pingback: best g spot vibrator

  1105. Pingback: sisters of the north

  1106. Pingback: Who is David Miscavige?

  1107. Pingback: cat food

  1108. Pingback: cut resistant gloves

  1109. Pingback: http://drjaydani.com/

  1110. Pingback: Diy Home Energy System Review

  1111. Pingback: Flat Belly Fast DVD Review

  1112. Pingback: Be Happy

  1113. Pingback: The Way To Happiness

  1114. Pingback: What Are

  1115. Pingback: Human

  1116. Pingback: RO-DEO Vibrator

  1117. Pingback: anal sex toys

  1118. Pingback: 100% scam

  1119. Pingback: Managed Services Provider

  1120. Pingback: from home to work

  1121. Pingback: página web aquí

  1122. Pingback: recycle

  1123. Pingback: 20ft shipping container homes cost

  1124. Pingback: 1000 Thread count sheets bedding

  1125. Pingback: sinhala news

  1126. Pingback: Handreparatur Innsbruck Hall

  1127. Pingback: personalized wedding gifts

  1128. Pingback: what is the brain

  1129. Pingback: how the brain works

  1130. Pingback: Electrician

  1131. Pingback: worldwide chat rooms

  1132. Pingback: インフルエンザ

  1133. Pingback: インフルエンザ

  1134. Pingback: インフルエンザ

  1135. Pingback: インフルエンザ

  1136. Pingback: página

  1137. Pingback: tv

  1138. Pingback: プラセンタ

  1139. Pingback: プラセンタ

  1140. Pingback: プラセンタ

  1141. Pingback: agie charmilles

  1142. Pingback: maurice

  1143. Pingback: online istikhara

  1144. Pingback: health benefits of honey

  1145. Pingback: su explicación

  1146. Pingback: kala jadu

  1147. Pingback: Flange manufacturer

  1148. Pingback: recipes

  1149. Pingback: casino

  1150. Pingback: Bildung verändert Leben und verwandelt Volkswirtschaften.

  1151. Pingback: book of ra deluxe free download

  1152. Pingback: more info here

  1153. Pingback: Fenster

  1154. Pingback: Getting Divorced

  1155. Pingback: essential business books

  1156. Pingback: 受注管理システム

  1157. Pingback: Denver office space for lease

  1158. Pingback: Outdoor wood fired pizza oven mobile Pizza Party made in Italy

  1159. Pingback: Jual Kulkas Vaksin DC TENAGA SURYA

  1160. Pingback: drink coaster

  1161. Pingback: T-Shirts bedrucken lassen

  1162. Pingback: Youtube Miracle Pianist Official Page

  1163. Pingback: Pinganillos

  1164. Pingback: it services omaha

  1165. Pingback: click here

  1166. Pingback: Youtubemp3download3- Youtube to mp3

  1167. Pingback: light deprivation greenhouse

  1168. Pingback: usmc combat techniques

  1169. Pingback: blue lava rock

  1170. Pingback: double door garage door opener

  1171. Pingback: article

  1172. Pingback: http://www.mypsychicadvice.com

  1173. Pingback: satta matka

  1174. Pingback: Divorce Law Firm for Men

  1175. Pingback: book of ra free game

  1176. Pingback: Free Games online

  1177. Pingback: SEO services in Lahore

  1178. Pingback: make an app

  1179. Pingback: Youtube to mp3 converter

  1180. Pingback: piano

  1181. Pingback: More information

  1182. Pingback: Mariam Consulting

  1183. Pingback: tech

  1184. Pingback: AR670 boots for military operations

  1185. Pingback: ottenere reindirizzato qui

  1186. Pingback: Free Games

  1187. Pingback: Free download games

  1188. Pingback: Craig Lubitski

  1189. Pingback: why not find out more

  1190. Pingback: SATTA MATKA

  1191. Pingback: satta matka

  1192. Pingback: skin beauty

  1193. Pingback: home decor

  1194. Pingback: Paul Boogeyman

  1195. Pingback: amil baba

  1196. Pingback: http://aftonbaldet.se

  1197. Pingback: funny pictures

  1198. Pingback: mypsychicadvice.com

  1199. Pingback: Mariage

  1200. Pingback: jobs you can do from home

  1201. Pingback: luxury chalets


  1203. Pingback: yenchua.com

  1204. Pingback: online auction guide

  1205. Pingback: Woman's Rompers

  1206. Pingback: How To Determine the Sex of a Beaver

  1207. Pingback: details

  1208. Pingback: awiz for love

  1209. Pingback: http://www.hamefanim.co.il/

  1210. Pingback: articles

  1211. Pingback: Home Automation

  1212. Pingback: cat walk

  1213. Pingback: Home Automation Florida

  1214. Pingback: Home Surveillance

  1215. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1216. Pingback: chrome paint uk

  1217. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1218. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1219. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1220. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1221. Pingback: professeur de guitare

  1222. Pingback: Application checking Service

  1223. Pingback: dabs

  1224. Pingback: gourmet kona coffee

  1225. Pingback: Fenster

  1226. Pingback: vcc mastercard and visa card buy

  1227. Pingback: online mobile number to receive sms

  1228. Pingback: flashlight torch free

  1229. Pingback: oakleys cheap

  1230. Pingback: افلام جديدة

  1231. Pingback: Online advertising

  1232. Pingback: legit work from home job

  1233. Pingback: Display advertising

  1234. Pingback: android tv box kodi update

  1235. Pingback: Social media advertising

  1236. Pingback: life insurance lawyer

  1237. Pingback: FS50R12KT3

  1238. Pingback: Jaydani

  1239. Pingback: sewing thread

  1240. Pingback: cheapest virtual number buy

  1241. Pingback: 룸알바

  1242. Pingback: Taxi Airport Zurich St. Anton

  1243. Pingback: como instalar complementos en kodi

  1244. Pingback: Computer Software

  1245. Pingback: funny video

  1246. Pingback: SATTA KING

  1247. Pingback: http://garden-tower.com

  1248. Pingback: viagra

  1249. Pingback: flavored coffee classics

  1250. Pingback: best mattress for lower back pain

  1251. Pingback: Anime Online

  1252. Pingback: hotel

  1253. Pingback: friv

  1254. Pingback: supplies

  1255. Pingback: Entertainment

  1256. Pingback: Wars

  1257. Pingback: coworking vacation

  1258. Pingback: Demostradoras en Cancun

  1259. Pingback: Used cars Burbank

  1260. Pingback: buy container house uk

  1261. Pingback: Wisdom teeth Deltona

  1262. Pingback: patio furniture

  1263. Pingback: more info

  1264. Pingback: resume examples

  1265. Pingback: internet

  1266. Pingback: recommended you read

  1267. Pingback: real estate

  1268. Pingback: Led shower head

  1269. Pingback: Queen Hair

  1270. Pingback: Boîte à chocolat

  1271. Pingback: Boat Shipping

  1272. Pingback: Faltboothersteller

  1273. Pingback: lookup

  1274. Pingback: Smartphone Reparatur Bremen

  1275. Pingback: wildlife removal

  1276. Pingback: Factoring medical receivables

  1277. Pingback: MicroCrystalline Cellulose

  1278. Pingback: 康山 买房

  1279. Pingback: Professional laptop repair 32127

  1280. Pingback: how to make an app

  1281. Pingback: data entry jobs

  1282. Pingback: Fidelity exams

  1283. Pingback: backyard

  1284. Pingback: programas descargar

  1285. Pingback: clean up crew

  1286. Pingback: kona-coffee-bean.com

  1287. Pingback: jewelry

  1288. Pingback: best coffee

  1289. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1290. Pingback: عروض رمضان

  1291. Pingback: got paid

  1292. Pingback: lexi banks soundclick

  1293. Pingback: www.escortsinorlando.com

  1294. Pingback: multilingual seo

  1295. Pingback: free download

  1296. Pingback: multilingual digital marketing

  1297. Pingback: ejuice

  1298. Pingback: my company

  1299. Pingback: senior care

  1300. Pingback: program indir

  1301. Pingback: fish tanks

  1302. Pingback: coffee beans inc

  1303. Pingback: best-coffee-inc.com

  1304. Pingback: Continued

  1305. Pingback: gourmet hawaiian coffee

  1306. Pingback: best-coffee-inc.com

  1307. Pingback: Babylon Whackers Download – Adidass News

  1308. Pingback: Fun88 China

  1309. Pingback: live tv

  1310. Pingback: fukuidatumou

  1311. Pingback: Piece Of Heaven

  1312. Pingback: free slots no

  1313. Pingback: Web Site

  1314. Pingback: iPad repair

  1315. Pingback: Get the facts

  1316. Pingback: How to articles

  1317. Pingback: legitimate work from home jobs 2016

  1318. Pingback: Promo code

  1319. Pingback: weblink

  1320. Pingback: Agen Judi Bola

  1321. Pingback: home for sale by owner

  1322. Pingback: Web Wealth System Scam

  1323. Pingback: property search

  1324. Pingback: real estate agents

  1325. Pingback: خرید ویندوز اورجینال xp

  1326. Pingback: golds gym tílko

  1327. Pingback: Geek News

  1328. Pingback: auto detail san diego

  1329. Pingback: starscan

  1330. Pingback: http://imdb.com

  1331. Pingback: http://vlt.se/

  1332. Pingback: http://www.konacoffeeinc.com

  1333. Pingback: http://www.coffeefromkona.com

  1334. Pingback: http://www.peaberrybean.com

  1335. Pingback: 아이폰 배경 화면

  1336. Pingback: Astro Magazines

  1337. Pingback: Free Alien?Games

  1338. Pingback: Free Shooting Games

  1339. Pingback: financial products

  1340. Pingback: http://gp.se

  1341. Pingback: http://www.mypsychicadvice.com

  1342. Pingback: empresa de transportes

  1343. Pingback: Colored tablet binder

  1344. Pingback: cheap huawei p9

  1345. Pingback: Gas

  1346. Pingback: http://expressen.se

  1347. Pingback: Steel Mold for cement tile

  1348. Pingback: Chicago Companies

  1349. Pingback: Florida Judgment Collection

  1350. Pingback: Sell my hard drives

  1351. Pingback: kona coffee

  1352. Pingback: kona coffee

  1353. Pingback: http://aftonbladet.se

  1354. Pingback: kona coffee

  1355. Pingback: royal kona coffee

  1356. Pingback: kona coffee

  1357. Pingback: ground coffee

  1358. Pingback: ground coffee

  1359. Pingback: ground coffee

  1360. Pingback: ground coffee

  1361. Pingback: extra money

  1362. Pingback: kona coffee k cups

  1363. Pingback: kona coffee beans

  1364. Pingback: kona coffee

  1365. Pingback: kona coffee beans

  1366. Pingback: gourmet coffee

  1367. Pingback: özel üniversite

  1368. Pingback: fleet management system

  1369. Pingback: container houses

  1370. Pingback: Denver web designer

  1371. Pingback: coffee beans

  1372. Pingback: bantningspiller

  1373. Pingback: kona coffee

  1374. Pingback: coffee beans

  1375. Pingback: kona coffee

  1376. Pingback: gourmet coffee

  1377. Pingback: free casino slots no download

  1378. Pingback: agence web montpellier

  1379. Pingback: acheter fan facebook pas cher

  1380. Pingback: earn money from home

  1381. Pingback: singing talent search

  1382. Pingback: acheter like facebook

  1383. Pingback: acheter des likes facebook

  1384. Pingback: Recent world news

  1385. Pingback: free desktop wallpapers

  1386. Pingback: Baler

  1387. Pingback: e-greeting card

  1388. Pingback: try this site

  1389. Pingback: apartamenty wakacyjne nad morzem

  1390. Pingback: back links

  1391. Pingback: anti rayap

  1392. Pingback: The MLS Finder

  1393. Pingback: how to build an app

  1394. Pingback: Miniclip Oyunları

  1395. Pingback: create your own app

  1396. Pingback: Shisha lounge in London

  1397. Pingback: Office 2016

  1398. Pingback: ground coffee

  1399. Pingback: app builder

  1400. Pingback: The MLS Real Estate

  1401. Pingback: kona coffee

  1402. Pingback: keyword ranking

  1403. Pingback: click to find out more

  1404. Pingback: finger vibrators

  1405. Pingback: 411-pain

  1406. Pingback: 4 herb tea

  1407. Pingback: email processing jobs

  1408. Pingback: gopro ebay

  1409. Pingback: spiro michals lawyer

  1410. Pingback: party tents

  1411. Pingback: keyword Đồ em bé

  1412. Pingback: hawaiian-isles-coffee/sansei-french-roast-coffee-ground-10-oz

  1413. Pingback: macadamia nut coffee

  1414. Pingback: acheter des likes

  1415. Pingback: ground coffee

  1416. Pingback: IT Researches ltd

  1417. Pingback: chocolate coffee

  1418. Pingback: Website Development

  1419. Pingback: Microsoft Persia

  1420. Pingback: ground coffee

  1421. Pingback: kona coffee

  1422. Pingback: ground coffee

  1423. Pingback: caramel coffee kcups

  1424. Pingback: classic kona coffee single-serve

  1425. Pingback: single serve hawaiian coffee

  1426. Pingback: Dr. Jessica Renfer

  1427. Pingback: grow a healthier you with tower garden

  1428. Pingback: microcrystalline cellulose

  1429. Pingback: ¿Cómo puedo publicar anuncios en YouTube

  1430. Pingback: entra

  1431. Pingback: Liliana Berdión de Crudo

  1432. Pingback: find more

  1433. Pingback: recommended you read

  1434. Pingback: click here for info

  1435. Pingback: 7 piece patio set

  1436. Pingback: here

  1437. Pingback: click over here now

  1438. Pingback: click here to find out more

  1439. Pingback: plantas purificadoras de agua

  1440. Pingback: blog link

  1441. Pingback: plantas purificadoras de agua

  1442. Pingback: he has a good point

  1443. Pingback: electronics

  1444. Pingback: car service in edgewater

  1445. Pingback: プラセンタ注射

  1446. Pingback: プラセンタ

  1447. Pingback: babagroup.it

  1448. Pingback: orologi legno

  1449. Pingback: head to head fantasy baseball

  1450. Pingback: filme gratis online

  1451. Pingback: KASINO LIVE Indonesia

  1452. Pingback: rimless glasses

  1453. Pingback: gourmet coffee

  1454. Pingback: 출장마사지

  1455. Pingback: check my blog

  1456. Pingback: Google