Getting off the grid

Electricity is so expensive and electric bills are scrutinized so much by various law agencies that I want to get off the grid. How can I run a grow system independent of electricity grids? Solar panels sound like the best solution in sunny locations. How do you set up an appropriate solar electric system to run an efficient grow system?
Santa Cruz, California

It is easy to have solar panels installed on the roof of your sunny house as long as you own it. You can do it yourself or you can have them installed by a professional firm. A 2,500-watt system, which would produce enough power for a single 1,000-watt lamp would cost between $15,000-$20,000 (installed). Batteries cost another $10,000. California has a rebate program so about one-third of the cost would be paid by the state.

Setting up a complete off-the-grid system is not the only way you can defeat the high cost of electricity. If you installed a 2,500-watt solar panel system and hooked it up to the grid, you would have a two-way meter. The electric company may actually buy electricity back from you. They won’t cut you a check, but they will zero out your balance. California has a variable rate system. Ratepayers pay almost three times as much during the peak hours, which occur during weekdays from noon to six or seven pm, the same time solar panel electric production is at its peak.

By timing your lights so you are using them off-peak, you would sell the company electricity for almost three times what you would buy it for at off-peak hours. You would be able to use a lot more electricity than the cells produce, at no cost, except for the solar panel loan or mortgage.

Another way to use light and not pay for it is by using sunroofs or light tubes. You can install a sunroof to supply light directly to the room under the roof. If it’s large enough, the sunroof will provide adequate light for a successful garden most of the year. A garden light can be used to supplement the light during the winter, when the intensity wanes and the duration shrinks.

Light tubes are similar to sunroofs, but instead of distributing sunlight throughout a room, it is captured in extremely reflective tubes that carry the light to a desired area, such as a room on a lower floor. The tubes are sold and installed in diameters as large as 20 inches, which capture and deliver a considerable amount of light. Their efficiency can be increased by adding reflectors to the collector on the roof so that more light is captured. Several of these tubes could illuminate a personal garden during much of the year without resorting to electric lights.

Readers with grow questions (or answers) should send them to Ed at: Ask Ed, PMB 147, 530 Divisadero St., San Francisco, California 94117, USA. You can also email Ed at [email protected], and send queries via his websites at All featured questions will be rewarded with a copy of Ed’s new book, Best of Ask Ed: Your Marijuana Questions Answered. Sorry, Ed cannot send personal replies to your questions.



  1. Pingback: betebet

  2. Pingback: tubela.net691 afeu23na8431 abdu23na60

  3. Pingback: new siriustube6 abdu23na6539 abdu23na97

  4. Pingback: places to eat near me map

  5. Pingback: altin fiyatlari ne olur

  6. Pingback:

  7. Pingback: mcdonalds gutscheine

  8. Pingback: Rodney Walker MCA

  9. Pingback: tight floral dress

  10. Pingback: instagram hack

  11. Pingback: Website

  12. Pingback: ray bans sale

  13. Pingback: For More Info

  14. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد سوم

  15. Pingback: cheap home insurance

  16. Pingback: buy viagra online

  17. Pingback: Mainostoimisto

  18. Pingback: ERP Navision

  19. Pingback: pirater un compte facebook

  20. Pingback: pcmunkey 2018

  21. Pingback: xyz資訊工坊

  22. Pingback:

  23. Pingback: בשר בית יוסף

  24. Pingback: Oakley Sunglasses Sale

  25. Pingback: dating

  26. Pingback:

  27. Pingback: Manga comics

  28. Pingback: legal steroids review

  29. Pingback: commander cialis en ligne

  30. Pingback: cazzo grosso

  31. Pingback: Windows 10 Key

  32. Pingback: Home Page

  33. Pingback: Veja mais

  34. Pingback: Buy Viagra Online

  35. Pingback: This Site

  36. Pingback: Token

  37. Pingback: water pipe

  38. Pingback: Best Pop Instrumental

  39. Pingback: compare life insurance quotes for seniors

  40. Pingback: Online loans fast and easy

  41. Pingback: mp3

  42. Pingback:

  43. Pingback: Usaa home insurance

  44. Pingback: pewność siebie

  45. Pingback: free psn codes generator

  46. Pingback: design agency

  47. Pingback: affordable home insurance

  48. Pingback: read more

  49. Pingback: coupon code

  50. Pingback: Vancouver BC Airport Shuttle

  51. Pingback: חנוכת בית

  52. Pingback: בתי מזוזה מעוצבים בלוד

  53. Pingback: יודאיקה בלוד

  54. Pingback: 100 cbd vape oil

  55. Pingback: Flowers Singapore

  56. Pingback: million dollar graphic designer

  57. Pingback: licensed moneylender

  58. Pingback: Lotto Dominator

  59. Pingback: touch typing

  60. Pingback: read what he said

  61. Pingback: big farm mobile harvest hack

  62. Pingback: debt attorney

  63. Pingback: Skin Tags

  64. Pingback:

  65. Pingback: Geico

  66. Pingback: jake burgess

  67. Pingback: casinospel

  68. Pingback: matthew pillmore

  69. Pingback:

  70. Pingback: attorneys

  71. Pingback: free project management 2018

  72. Pingback:

  73. Pingback: wordpress

  74. Pingback: Vancouver BC Airport Shuttle

  75. Pingback:

  76. Pingback: آینه بغل

  77. Pingback: Las palabras claves son

  78. Pingback: Darwin Horan

  79. Pingback: skin lightening

  80. Pingback: buy china goods

  81. Pingback: excel

  82. Pingback: xxx porn

  83. Pingback: Agen Bola Maxbet

  84. Pingback: video excel

  85. Pingback: video excel

  86. Pingback: Humidifier

  87. Pingback: fake gucci bags

  88. Pingback: weblink

  89. Pingback: go to the website

  90. Pingback: weblink

  91. Pingback: my website

  92. Pingback: news

  93. Pingback: massage

  94. Pingback: browse around this site

  95. Pingback: view publisher site

  96. Pingback: covers accessories

  97. Pingback: earn money from home

  98. Pingback: wedding dress

  99. Pingback: Levitra 10mg

  100. Pingback: Software and Scripts 

  101. Pingback: MOM SON PORN

  102. Pingback: Token

  103. Pingback: chinafaucetstore shop

  104. Pingback: australia

  105. Pingback: thanks for buying porn online

  106. Pingback: Jeux Kizi

  107. Pingback: best porn sites

  108. Pingback: ΣΕΞ ΑΘΗΝΑ

  109. Pingback: ladyboy porn

  110. Pingback: پنجره یو پی وی سی

  111. Pingback: ladyboy porn

  112. Pingback: exercise

  113. Pingback: best porn

  114. Pingback: the last of us pc price

  115. Pingback:

  116. Pingback:

  117. Pingback:

  118. Pingback: boy shoes on sale

  119. Pingback:

  120. Pingback: crypto currency

  121. Pingback: payday loan

  122. Pingback: Live Video Chat With Santa Claus

  123. Pingback: walmartone

  124. Pingback: best free porn sites

  125. Pingback: telenor free internet

  126. Pingback: Gunnar Andreassen

  127. Pingback: codes

  128. Pingback: deeepio

  129. Pingback: 莎娜琳新聞

  130. Pingback: best porn sites

  131. Pingback: vip financial education

  132. Pingback: personal injury lawyer

  133. Pingback: anthony morrison

  134. Pingback: Creation

  135. Pingback: Whittier medical marijuana doctors

  136. Pingback: dog gift box

  137. Pingback: porn sites

  138. Pingback: Progressive car insurance

  139. Pingback: Pure Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils

  140. Pingback: eico auto insurance quotes

  141. Pingback: iphone 6 case

  142. Pingback: hacklinks

  143. Pingback: google blackhat free

  144. Pingback: momschips review

  145. Pingback: wedding gifts

  146. Pingback: Prince Frank VON ANHALT-Nassau

  147. Pingback: vanzari aparate aer conditionat cu transport si montaj inclus

  148. Pingback: WoW classic discord

  149. Pingback: pirater un compte facebook

  150. Pingback: walmartone

  151. Pingback: programa de ventas

  152. Pingback: Jumbo Antep Fıstığı

  153. Pingback: walmart1

  154. Pingback: porn world xxx sex polls

  155. Pingback: credit score meaning range

  156. Pingback: Daniel

  157. Pingback: Clothing Factories Bangladesh

  158. Pingback: bunk bed singapore

  159. Pingback: breast bigger

  160. Pingback: arriba españa

  161. Pingback: videos porno

  162. Pingback: Irvine New Homes For Sale

  163. Pingback: mspy

  164. Pingback: revizie aer conditionat

  165. Pingback: Danie

  166. Pingback: bigg boss 11

  167. Pingback: Yahoo Finance

  168. Pingback: top essay writing companies

  169. Pingback: اغاني عربية

  170. Pingback: Suggested Looking at

  171. Pingback: IT Recycling berkshire

  172. Pingback: it asset disposal portsmouth

  173. Pingback: Tri-Cities Cell Store

  174. Pingback:

  175. Pingback: http://

  176. Pingback:

  177. Pingback: Cryptocurrency

  178. Pingback: news bangla

  179. Pingback: Radhe Maa

  180. Pingback: horror stories

  181. Pingback: cases accessories

  182. Pingback: yRecreational Drones

  183. Pingback:

  184. Pingback: Hakukoneoptimointi Espoo

  185. Pingback: Zapper

  186. Pingback: رگ خواب

  187. Pingback: Google spam tactics

  188. Pingback: smart glass

  189. Pingback: دانلود فیلم نهنگ عنبر 2

  190. Pingback: onecoin price today

  191. Pingback: High chair cover

  192. Pingback: somulin

  193. Pingback: www.consumerhealthdigest

  194. Pingback: eyevage review

  195. Pingback: www.consumerhealthdigest

  196. Pingback: Black Friday Coupons

  197. Pingback: metal funnel

  198. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  199. Pingback: WalmartOne Login

  200. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  201. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  202. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  203. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  204. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  205. Pingback: adam and eve sex products

  206. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  207. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  208. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  209. Pingback: print t shirt

  210. Pingback: slot machine wins

  211. Pingback: Finger Family

  212. Pingback: USAA Bank

  213. Pingback: buy hacklink google

  214. Pingback: Buy illegal backlinks

  215. Pingback: Providing expert tips

  216. Pingback: gooooood

  217. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  218. Pingback: Judi Bola 88

  219. Pingback: free pay

  220. Pingback: دانلود فیلم نهنگ عنبر

  221. Pingback: porn movie

  222. Pingback: game hack

  223. Pingback: maxima investments

  224. Pingback: missguided coupon code

  225. Pingback: Judi Bola Terkini

  226. Pingback: human trafficking

  227. Pingback: Online Sports Betting Malaysia

  228. Pingback: SkinAlley

  229. Pingback: real caller blackberry

  230. Pingback: gosexy

  231. Pingback: Surrey Limo

  232. Pingback: 70% OFF Canada Goose

  233. Pingback: Nursing cover

  234. Pingback: stroller accessories

  235. Pingback: car seat accessories

  236. Pingback: billboard

  237. Pingback: نهنگ عنبر

  238. Pingback: brutalxxxporn brazilian porn

  239. Pingback: دانلود فیلم رایگان

  240. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  241. Pingback: headhunting

  242. Pingback: دانلود سریال شهرزاد فصل دوم

  243. Pingback: دانلود سریال شهرزاد

  244. Pingback: پنجره

  245. Pingback: Discover More Here

  246. Pingback: usuwanie dpf

  247. Pingback: cancer and cancer make love

  248. Pingback: buy illegal backlinks

  249. Pingback: load car into container

  250. Pingback: click terminal

  251. Pingback: payday loans

  252. Pingback:

  253. Pingback: Bandar Togel

  254. Pingback: FINANCE TEST BANKs

  255. Pingback: learn colors balls

  256. Pingback: Bandar Bola

  257. Pingback: vehicle shippers

  258. Pingback: Elvis Presley Impersonators

  259. Pingback: piles surgery in gurgaon

  260. Pingback: cheap jordans for sale

  261. Pingback: blackhead removal

  262. Pingback: Finger family

  263. Pingback: what are vape pen

  264. Pingback: watch porn google

  265. Pingback: learn to count

  266. Pingback: tactical arbitrage

  267. Pingback: personnel consultant

  268. Pingback: Make Money Online Without a Website

  269. Pingback: Hot Russian Mom

  270. Pingback: lagenlook unique clothing

  271. Pingback: Togel Online

  272. Pingback: watch movies online

  273. Pingback: dixon

  274. Pingback: Bad Credit Remortgages

  275. Pingback: carte grise

  276. Pingback: Single Chat

  277. Pingback: پنجره

  278. Pingback: دانلود

  279. Pingback: download movie

  280. Pingback: comedy

  281. Pingback: download

  282. Pingback: دانلود

  283. Pingback: دانلود سریال

  284. Pingback: پنجره

  285. Pingback: upvc window

  286. Pingback: Houses For Cash

  287. Pingback: instagram

  288. Pingback: 12 month payday loans no guarantor

  289. Pingback: karaj

  290. Pingback: vegas online casinos

  291. Pingback: دانلود

  292. Pingback: real online casinos

  293. Pingback: Web Design

  294. Pingback: Seo

  295. Pingback: Low cost Kitchen remodeling contractor Montclair

  296. Pingback: maintenance

  297. Pingback: 192.168.o.1.1 tp link

  298. Pingback: live sex cams

  299. Pingback: trucos

  300. Pingback: Online Casino Malaysia

  301. Pingback: gifts

  302. Pingback: EVA TV

  303. Pingback: usi tech presentation

  304. Pingback: garden

  305. Pingback: travel

  306. Pingback: Java function symbolic derivative calculator numeric

  307. Pingback: KLIK

  308. Pingback: Selene

  309. Pingback: garden bridges

  310. Pingback: Seo

  311. Pingback: Web Design Yakima

  312. Pingback: پنجره

  313. Pingback: Concurso

  314. Pingback: پنجره

  315. Pingback: دانلود

  316. Pingback: Bad Doctor

  317. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  318. Pingback: article source

  319. Pingback: instagramda sex izle

  320. Pingback: for Kids

  321. Pingback: Yakima Web Design

  322. Pingback: Lincoln dental connect

  323. Pingback: download best

  324. Pingback: دانلود

  325. Pingback: window

  326. Pingback: window

  327. Pingback: hosting pakistan

  328. Pingback: ed sherran

  329. Pingback: walmart1 login

  330. Pingback: military soldier blog

  331. Pingback: 6 inch shower head

  332. Pingback: The 2 Week Diet System

  333. Pingback:

  334. Pingback:

  335. Pingback: People of Walmart by State

  336. Pingback: link

  337. Pingback:

  338. Pingback: walmartone login

  339. Pingback: judiqq

  340. Pingback: garden bridge

  341. Pingback: permainan judi online android

  342. Pingback: bursa taruhan bola

  343. Pingback: Civil engineering

  344. Pingback: diet and weight loss

  345. Pingback: IELTS centre in Karachi

  346. Pingback: مشاوره بازاریابی اینترنتی

  347. Pingback: affordable SEO services

  348. Pingback: drugs

  349. Pingback: IELTS course in Karachi

  350. Pingback: پنجره

  351. Pingback: فروش توری پنجره دوجداره

  352. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  353. Pingback: اموزش ساخت پنجره دوجداره

  354. Pingback: back to school

  355. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت

  356. Pingback: دانلود

  357. Pingback: قیمت پنجره دوجداره

  358. Pingback: Peppa Pig

  359. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  360. Pingback: تعویض پنجره دوجداره

  361. Pingback: how to buy bitcoin

  362. Pingback: SEO Belfast

  363. Pingback:

  364. Pingback: new episode Peppa pig

  365. Pingback: sell home

  366. Pingback: sell home

  367. Pingback: daddy finger

  368. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  369. Pingback: the best limos rental in Vancouver BC

  370. Pingback: lollipop

  371. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت المانی

  372. Pingback: plumbers near me

  373. Pingback: آموزش پنجره دوجداره

  374. Pingback: دانلود

  375. Pingback: Five Little

  376. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره وین تک

  377. Pingback: Atlanta artist Corey Barksdale

  378. Pingback: قیمت پنجره دوجداره در ایران

  379. Pingback: Marquee hire prices in London


  381. Pingback: political polls twitter

  382. Pingback: game

  383. Pingback: their explanation

  384. Pingback:

  385. Pingback: thestyleshoes

  386. Pingback: دانلود قسمت دوم عالیجناب

  387. Pingback: relations

  388. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  389. Pingback: دانلود عالیجناب دوم

  390. Pingback: دانلود عالیجناب اول 1

  391. Pingback: 16 دانلود سریال شهرزاد

  392. Pingback: Lorrine

  393. Pingback: 16 دانلود شهرزاد

  394. Pingback: STOX

  395. Pingback: vehicles

  396. Pingback: pig toys

  397. Pingback: ΤΣΑΝΤA TRUSSARDI

  398. Pingback: Grammy

  399. Pingback: www

  400. Pingback:

  401. Pingback: Strasbourg travel vlog

  402. Pingback: Accounting firms in chicago

  403. Pingback: پنجره دو سه جداره

  404. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 15 پانزده

  405. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  406. Pingback: anime

  407. Pingback: sports card

  408. Pingback: partenaire

  409. Pingback: coin-banks cryptocurrency

  410. Pingback: golarka do tkanin

  411. Pingback: Porn

  412. Pingback: DraftKings

  413. Pingback: bitcoin investment coin-banks

  414. Pingback: coin-banks trading

  415. Pingback: magazin de pescuit

  416. Pingback: coin-banks exchange

  417. Pingback: Judi Online

  418. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  419. Pingback: jake burgess west virginia

  420. Pingback: gems and coins for clash royale

  421. Pingback: Roof Repair Long Island

  422. Pingback:

  423. Pingback: black jack

  424. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد

  425. Pingback: دانلود قسمت ششم شهرزاد دوم

  426. Pingback: casino games

  427. Pingback: groin wrap

  428. Pingback: فروش توری

  429. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  430. Pingback: پنجره

  431. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Pembroke Pines

  432. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments Plantation

  433. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments West Park

  434. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Coral Springs

  435. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments Hollywood

  436. Pingback: Data Logger

  437. Pingback: شرکت تولیدی پنجره دوجداره

  438. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دو سه جداره

  439. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت ایرانی ترک المانی

  440. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفدهم عاشقانه

  441. Pingback: gemini male and aquarius female love compatibility

  442. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دوجداره

  443. Pingback: دانلود سریال عاشقانه

  444. Pingback: porno

  445. Pingback: porno

  446. Pingback: videos porno

  447. Pingback: porno gratis

  448. Pingback: videos porno

  449. Pingback: porno

  450. Pingback: porno gratis

  451. Pingback: porno

  452. Pingback: porno gratis

  453. Pingback: porno

  454. Pingback: porno

  455. Pingback: Wiggett

  456. Pingback: under armour outlet australia

  457. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سیزده عاشقانه

  458. Pingback: bypass windows 7 admin password

  459. Pingback: دانلود قسمت اول فصل دوم شهرزاد

  460. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سوم شهرزاد دوم

  461. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد دوم

  462. Pingback: دانلود قسمت دوازدهم عاشقانه

  463. Pingback: Hunde skove

  464. Pingback: Loyola College for Sale

  465. Pingback: عاشقانه

  466. Pingback: Cherie DeVille

  467. Pingback: Mia Malkova

  468. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفدهم عاشقانه

  469. Pingback: دانلود قسمت ششم فصل دوم شهرزاد

  470. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 12 عاشقانه

  471. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سیزده عاشقانه

  472. Pingback: دانلود قسمت چهارده عاشقانه

  473. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت نهم فصل دوم

  474. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت هفتم فصل دوم

  475. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت دوازدهم فصل دوم

  476. Pingback: دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2aaadffdsvc

  477. Pingback: quit drinking alcohol

  478. Pingback: دانلود رایگان قسمت 8 هشتم سریال شهرزاد فصل دوم 2

  479. Pingback:

  480. Pingback: xmt85c4wx5ctwxw3tcerthve56