George H.W. Bush: Biggest. Drug Lord. Ever.

Dear Reader,

Do you ever get tired of hearing white journalists blame dark skinned people for the illegal drug problem?

Do you suspect white people are also to blame for illegal drugs coming into North America? Do you hear rumors of CIA involvement in drug smuggling, but don’t feel like diving into a 2000 hour research project?

Well then, you’re in luck. David Malmo-Levine has put all the evidence of CIA drug smuggling into one easy-to-follow format. The best evidence that the CIA is the biggest drug smuggling organization in the world is now conveniently located in one place. Over the course of the next several months, Malmo-Levine will be publishing the secret history of hard drugs at cannabisculture.com, so that the public will come to realize how the drug war was created by and for the elite section of the intelligence community, to help finance assassinations, military coups, secret armies and to pad their own pockets.

Part 1: Born a spook

“A drug lord, drug baron, kingpin, or narcotrafficker is a person who controls a sizable network of persons involved in the illegal drug trade. Such figures are often difficult to bring to justice, as they are never directly in possession of something illegal, but are insulated from the actual trade in drugs by several layers of underlings. The prosecution of drug lords is therefore usually the result of carefully planned infiltrations of their networks, often using informants from within the organization.”

– “Drug Lord”, Wikipedia

 “World-class drug trafficker. Sinister spymaster with tentacles spanning the planet. President – the most corrupt president in United States history. George Herbert Walker Bush.”

– Bill Weinberg, George Bush: The Super-Spy Drug-Smuggling President, 1992 (1)

“Under the CIA program code-named ZRRIFLE, foreign heads of state who stood in the way of American control of the drug traffic were targeted for assassination; this program is essential to understanding the origins of the plot against President Kennedy.”                                                                                                                                        

  – Rogue Elephant: The Drug Trade, the Kennedy Assassination, and the War in Vietnam, Kent Heiner, 2001, (2)

“We both thought Bush might prove the worst president in American History and the all-around worst man of the 20th Century, even considering such competition as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao.”

– Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger, 1995 (3)

Part 1: Chapter 1: A few quick questions

Is it really the 41st President of the United States George Bush Sr. – not Lucky Luciano or Sam Giancana or Pablo Escobar or Joaquin Guzman Loera – who can accurately be called the biggest (and most dangerous) drug criminal who has ever lived? Is it really the Central Intelligence Agency – and not the Mafia or the Medellin Cartel or Sinaloa Cartel – that is the biggest drug-smuggling organization? Is there any credible evidence that this is so?

Is Bush Sr. – along with his sons – really guilty of drug smuggling, gun-running, murder, and treason? Was JFK’s assassination tied to CIA drug trafficking? Was Bush Sr. the second-highest ranking member of the CIA to be in Dealey Plaza at the time of JFK’s assassination? How important is illegal drug trafficking to US – and world – politics? How many US Presidents – or foreign heads of state – can connect their rise – or fall – to profits from illegal drugs?

Is raising awareness about the role drug money has to play in funding the “Shadow Government” the key to a more rational drug policy for both hard and soft drugs? Will knowledge of our ruler’s role in the illegal drug economy help us replace hierarchy with a more effective form of democracy? Is drug peace the most direct path to a sustainable society?

Is there enough evidence of these crimes being tied to Bush Sr. that he could be made to stand trial? And if there was enough evidence, would any lawyer be brave enough to take him to court? Would any judge be brave enough to find him guilty?

“What I wish to point out … is how deep-seated the fear of passing judgment, of naming names, and of fixing blame – especially, alas, upon people in power and high position, dead or alive …”                                                                                                                              

– Hannah Arendt, “Personal Responsibility Under Dictatorship”, 1964 (4)

Fear of passing judgment

Back in 2013, I was asked by Vice Magazine to give a tour of the Herb Museum, and when I got to the section on coca leaves I briefly mentioned – as I often like to do – that JFK was killed by George Bush because Kennedy interfered with Bush’s cocaine smuggling. I also mentioned Jesus Christ was a pot dealer who was probably nailed for distributing it and using it in “magic” ways. I mentioned that there was some very convincing evidence for these things being true. (5)

Rather than do what I imagine good journalists would do – look into it – the Vice reporters just took the easy way out and edited my statements in such a way as to make me sound a bit insane. In fact, unless the evidence was in front of you in a well-organized, clearly written manner, the theory would no doubt appear to be the result of some sort of mental disorder. “Conspiranoia”, as my friend Bill Weinberg likes to call it.

That’s what this book is all about – it’s an “I’m not crazy, these are the actual facts” sort of book. The close-minded people will never pick this book up. Hopefully, someone with access to the world’s attention will take the information in this book and do something amazing with it – like put it in a package that even non-readers and coincidence theorists can enjoy.

Honest academics – and honest students of history among the public – must admit that these things are most likely true – there’s certainly more evidence for these scenarios than any of the other explanations of what happened with Jesus and JFK.

However, this evidence is hidden away in relatively obscure books and websites. The mainstream media – and popular websites like Vice.com – shy away from that sort of thing – that old “fear of passing judgment” thing that Hannah Arendt was talking about. Plus nobody wants to be called a conspiracy theorist – you stop getting invited to all sorts of parties and denied memberships in all sorts of groups after getting that label. It’s amazing to me how human beings are so easily domesticated into a form of livestock – persuaded to avoid looking into the actual history of their rulers – with just a bit of name-calling.

But some of us care more for the truth than for social acceptance. Noam Chomsky said it was the responsibility of intellectuals, to tell the truth, and expose lies. For the truth lovers out there … let’s look at the evidence.

Jesus was a pot dealer

The Jesus-as-pot-dealer-evidence has already been collected by my friend Chris Bennett and I let his work speak for itself. Google “Cannabis and the Christ: Jesus used Marijuana” By Chris Bennett. (6)

For those who can’t be bothered to check out that link and just want the two most relevant biblical passages, they are Exodus 30:23 – the recipe for the cannabis/kannabosm-infused “Christ/Messiah” anointing oil, and Mark 6:13 – where Christ sent out his apostles to heal with that very same oil. Yeah. Jesus was a pot dealer. In our modern day stigmatization-focused pundit-speak, he would be known as the “ringleader” of an illegal anointing-oil distribution syndicate.

Some more recent translations of the Bible translate that word in Exodus 30:23 into “calamus” (which doesn’t have the properties described in the Bible) or “fragrant cane” (which is the literal meaning of the word “cannabis” in Greek) – Bennett goes into this stuff in much more detail in his work – It’s quite convincing. (7)

Cannabis is the tree of life spoken about in our holy books. Why not? It does yield at least “twelve manners of fruits” that come from industrial/nutritional/medicinal hemp and its leaves are great for “the healing of the nations”. You can juice cannabis leaves – it’s loaded with non-toxic medicinal cannabinoids and terpenes and is good for treating everything from lupus to cancer. (8)

Who’s the real kingpin?

Regarding who the biggest drug lord ever is … according to the United States law enforcement officials, the Sinaloa Cartel is “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world” (9) – but if it’s true that the CIA is actually more deserving of that title, then it would make sense that the CIA would use their associates in the US law enforcement establishment to try and pin that honor on someone else. All smart kingpins have their patsies.

Quite frankly I’m sick to death of the white supremacist media trying to tell me it’s Joaquin Guzman (10) or Pablo Escobar who’s the “biggest drug lord ever” (11) when in fact it is Guzman who just got arrested and is facing extradition (12) and Escobar who got shot back in 1993  … while George Bush Sr. is still well-respected and livin’ large. To me, if you’re big enough to get away with it, you’re bigger than the losers who didn’t. Plus kilo for kilo, Bush has ‘em both beat.

According to the evidence you’re about to read, It looks like Bush Sr. was smuggling cocaine at least a decade before Loera or Escobar got started, and it also looks like Bush had his CIA lackeys help to set up the Medellin, Cali and Sinaloa cartels because Bush’s cocaine buyers got tired of having to make the rounds amongst a few dozen independent suppliers to fill his airplane full of cocaine.

According to the highest ranking whistleblower on Bush’s drug smuggling team – Al Martin – Bush and his lackeys single-handedly brought the price of cocaine down from 30 grand a kilo to 12 grand a kilo by flooding the market. (13) Bush’s “secret team” raked in $350 billion from their Iran-Contra operation alone (14) – more than ten times what Pablo Escobar made during his entire career (15) and they didn’t have to get shot on the rooftops of Medellín Columbia to do it, either.

Should those who work at Vice, their readership or anyone else ever want to actually seriously investigate this particular “vice” – the Bush/CIA control of the illegal drug supply – I’ve made it easy for them. I have collected all the evidence of Bush’s drug running crimes and murder-relating-to-drug crimes and then organized it into an easy-to-read format that even a Vice reporter could follow.

Given the fact that the CIA have all but admitted to having people working for them in the major media (Google “Operation Mockingbird”), (16) the responsibility of the alternative media to question the official CIA-related narratives is all the more important.

The following is a summary of the major evidence indicating that:

  1. Bush Sr.:

a) was born into an elite fraternity made up of America’s biggest 19th-century drug smugglers: Skull And Bones,

b) was born into the CIA, which was itself a creation of Skull and Bones members,

c) became associated with the “secret team” of dealers and assassins within the CIA which had been involved in drug smuggling from the very beginning,

d) supervised drug smuggling as early as the mid-1950’s for the CIA,

e) continued to commit and/or coordinate and/or cover-up drug crimes during the next 50 or 60 years as a secret member of the CIA, as head of the CIA, as Vice President, as President and as the father of President George W. Bush.

  1. drugs – mostly illegal drugs – had everything to do with:
  1. how Taft, Roosevelt, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Bush Sr., Quayle, Clinton, Bush Jr., Cheney and Biden got selected for – how JFK and Nixon got removed from  – and how Reagan was nearly removed from – the White House,
  1. the assassination of those who threatened to interfere with the CIA smuggling operations, including but not limited to the shooting of JFK, RFK, Bob Marley, John Lennon and Peter Tosh, and
  1. the success of the political careers of Walter Mondale, John Walters, Asa Hutcheson, Eric Holder, John Kerry, Jeb Bush and Hillary Clinton.

Things might not unfold exactly in that order … but that’s the material I wish to explore in this work. I really don’t have any room in this book to get into the World War 1 and 2 war-profiteering, Nazi Banking, Carlyle Group war profiteering, October Surprise engineering, bank fraud, insurance fraud, real estate fraud, pedophilia and the litany of other crimes Bush Sr. and his family and friends have been accused of. This is just his “gangster stuff”: drug smuggling, drug-induced mind control, extortion, murder, assassination, treason and using illegal drug dealing as a pretext to invade Panama in order to shut up one of Bush’s former drug smuggling business partners: Manuel Noriega.

Part 1: Chapter 2: Skull & Bones and drugs (1832-present)

“Laws: We know what they are, and what they are worth! They are spider webs for the rich and mighty, steel chains for the poor and weak, fishing nets in the hands of the government.”

– Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, “General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century, Fourth Study. The Principle of Authority, 1851 (17)

“It is a Princeton tradition that whenever a Yale man who is a member of the widely advertised “Skull and Bones” hears the sacred name mentioned, he must leave the room. It is also a tradition that the members are invariably successful in later life, amassing fortunes or votes or coupons or whatever they choose to amass.”

– F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of Paradise, 1920 (18)

“One of the largest opium importers of the day was Jardine-Matheson, a company still in existence today. A memo from their company directors revealed sinister motives for opposing legalization, “If the trade is ever legalized, it will cease to be profitable from that time. The more difficulties that attend it, the better for you and us.” They were right, the price soared after opium was made illegal through an international ban in 1914.”

– The Rise of the Opium Trade, Patricia Smith, Dec. 18, 2012 (19)

There’s no business like opium business

The Order of Skull & Bones is a secret society at Yale that George Bush Sr., father Prescott Bush and son George W. Bush all belonged to. It was created back in 1832, using money from America’s biggest drug dealer at the time – Samuel Russell. (20)

Samuel Russell founded Russell & Company in Canton, China, in 1824. Dealing mostly in silksteas, and opium, Russell & Company prospered, and by 1842, it had become the largest American trading house in China. (21)

Opium is a drug that is – through shallow cuts in the pod or with boiling water – extracted from the poppy plant (Papaver somniferum). Opium helps with pain and with sleep, but it is possible to die of an overdose so caution is needed with dosing. As well, if you use it every day for a few weeks then you will feel uncomfortable if you suddenly stop – similar to how you will feel if you suddenly stop (and with similar relapse rates as) tobacco. If you use it carefully every day of your life, you might dull your physical or emotional senses, but it does not destroy internal organs like alcohol and cigarettes tend to do if you use those drugs daily. The important fact to remember when evaluating the risks of opium – and it’s derivatives morphine and heroin – is that they all have a tremendous reputation for being addictive, but it’s alcohol – not opium, not morphine, not heroin – that has fatalities on record from the withdrawal.

Russell took advantage of opium being illegal (and the massive jack up in prices as a result of it being illegal) in China to make lots of money, quickly, (22) by buying opium legally in Turkey and selling it illegally in China. (23) His Chief Of Operations in the city of Canton, China was Warren Delano Jr. – Grandfather of FDR. (24) Ancestors of Senator John Forbes Kerry – Secretary of State under Barak Obama – also worked for Russell. (25) William Huntington Russell (Skull & Bones 1832) – Samuel Russell’s cousin – was one of the founding members of Skull & Bones, along with Alphonso Taft (Skull & Bones 1832).

Taft’s son William Howard Taft (Skull & Bones 1878) supervised the Philippines as the first US civil governor of the Islands for Theodore Roosevelt between 1901 and 1903 when the Philippines became the first country of the 20th century to launch its own war on opium. The American occupiers treated the Philippines as their drug war proving grounds. According to long-time CIA/drug researcher, Alfred McCoy wrote that “the Philippine ban … launched America’s attempt at drug diplomacy.” (26) Another drug historian, David Musto, wrote that “The Philippines also gave the United States leadership of the international control of narcotics, a role it still holds.” (27) Taft appointed a three-man “Opium Committee” to investigate the “opium situation”, who then released a reported light on evidence and heavy on ideology. (28)

The Root of the problem

W. C. Whitney (Skull and Bones 1863), who married Flora Payne (of the Standard Oil Payne dynasty), was Secretary of the Navy between 1885 and 1889. His attorney was a man named Elihu Root. Root hired Henry Stimson (Skull and Bones 1888), out of law school. Stimson became Secretary of War in 1911 – appointed by fellow Bonesman William Howard Taft.  (29) It was Root who convinced Taft to become Governor of the Philippines. (30)

Root was Secretary of War from 1899 to 1904, in President William McKinley’s cabinet. As Secretary of War, Root responded to charges of brutality in the Philippines:

“The war in the Philippines has been conducted by the American army with scrupulous regard for the rules of civilized warfare … with self-restraint and with humanity never surpassed.” (31)

Modern estimates of the number of Filipinos killed in the Philippine-American War and the Moro Rebellion run as high as 1.4 million. (32) According to historian William Blum,

“William McKinley’s idea of doing the very best by the Filipinos was to employ the United States Army to kill them in the tens of thousands, burn down their villages, subject them to torture, and lay the foundation for an economic exploitation which was proudly referred to at the time as ‘imperialism’ by leading American statesmen and newspapers.” (33)

The penalties meted out for disobeying the new anti-opium laws were also quite brutal. Take, for example, “ACT NO. 1761 – AN ACT GRADUALLY TO RESTRICT AND REGULATE THE SALE AND USE OF OPIUM PENDING THE ULTIMATE PROHIBITION OF THE IMPORTATION OF OPIUM INTO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS IN WHATEVER FORM EXCEPT FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES …”. The following section is typical of the many punishments provided for the many regulations:

“Sec. 31. Any unauthorized person owning, carrying, holding, having, controlling, having possession of, or knowingly having on his premises, any opium, cocaine, alpha or beta eucaine, or any derivative or preparation of such drugs or substances, on and after March first, nineteen hundred and eight, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding ten thousand pesos, or by imprisonment for not exceeding five years or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court …” (34)

In other words, the punishment for simple possession of opium or cocaine was up to five years in prison or a potentially massive fine, or both, whereas just a few years ago simple possession was completely legal. At the time the new law became effective, there had been 12,668 registered habitual users of opium in the country. (35)

Root was Secretary of State between 1905 and 1909 under Theodore Roosevelt. In 1908 he proposed to Congress that the US adopt

“a combination of the legislation pertaining to the import of opiates into the Philippines (of March 1905) and the standard statute used in the prevention of illegal imports. He modified the Philippine legislation to make it possible for citizens to import opiates other than smoking opium.” (36)

Secretary of State Root organized the 1909 Shanghai Commission – touted in the headlines as a “WORLD WAR ON OPIUM TRAFFIC” – and his submissions to the Commission made it into the Washington Herald on New Year’s Eve, 1908:

“Our idea is that each government’s commission should proceed independently with the investigation of the opium question on behalf of its respective country, with a view, first, to limit the use of opium in the possession of that country; second, to ascertain the best means of suppressing the opium traffic if such now exists among the nationalities of that government in the Far East, and, third, to be in a position so that when the commission meets at Shanghai the representatives of the various Powers may be prepared to co-operate and to offer, jointly or severally, definite suggestions of measures which their respective governments may adopt for the gradual suppression of opium cultivation, traffic and use within their Eastern possessions, thus assisting China in her purpose of eradicating the evil from her empire.” (37)

In spite of being responsible for mass murder and mass incarceration in the Philippines, Root went on to win the Nobel Prize for Peace for the year 1912 – “for the promotion of international arbitrations”! (38)

President/Supreme Court Chief Justice Taft

Taft later became president of the United States (1909-1913), and “had heartily encouraged the initial steps” to create the 1909 Shanghai Opium Commission, the beginning of international drug prohibition. (39) In his 1910 message to Congress, President Taft helped to expand the list of “bad drugs” when he warned that “Cocaine is appalling in its effects than any other habit-forming drug used in the United States.” (40)

The first manifestation of this “world war” on opium in US law came in the form of the Harrison Narcotic Tax Act of 1914. The Act “was a United States federal law that regulated and taxed the production, importation, and distribution of opiates and coca products. The effect of the Act was to price opiates out of the range of all but the richest people. A gram of morphine cost 60 cents before the Harrison Act and $35 dollars after. (41) The act was proposed by Representative Francis Burton Harrison of New York and was approved on December 17, 1914. (42) Harrison was a member of Skull and Bones, class of 1895. (43)

Between 1913 and 1921 Taft taught law at Yale and likely influenced Robert Lovett, F. Trubee Davison, and Dean Acheson. These three men were all secret society members at Yale at the time and they all eventually became lawyers and architects of the CIA.

From July 1921 to February 1930 Taft was the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court – he was the only man to ever be both President and Chief Justice. He presided over two important drug cases stemming from the Harrison Narcotics Act. US v. Behrman, argued March 7th, 1922, involved prescription quantity limits and the legitimacy of “addiction” as a disease treatable through maintenance or tapering. Taft’s Court released its decision 20 days later, ruling that “it was not legitimate medical practice to prescribe for an addict even in diminishing amounts with intention of cure”. (44) April 13, 1925, Linder v. US decision put some power back in the hands of doctors – at least in theory – to “give an addict moderate amounts of drugs for self-administration in order to relieve conditions incident to addiction.” … but in practice, this ruling was ignored. (45)

The actions of Bonesmen Taft and Harrison – and Bonesman-Lawyer Root – were pivotal to setting up the modern-day drug war. For those sneaky, secretive types who wished to make massive amounts of money from prohibition-priced drugs – just as Skull and Bones founder Samuel Russell did – they were a godsend.

Part 1: Chapter 3: Skull and Bones and the CIA

“‘Spook,’ the Yale slang word for secret-society member, is, of course, Agency slang for spy.”

– Ron Rosenbaum, Travels with Dr. Death, 1991 (46)

A cavalcade of coincidences

The connection between Yale – the location of Skull and Bones – and the American spy community goes back to the very beginning. Nathan Hale – perhaps America’s most famous spy (the man who said “I only regret, that I have but one life to lose for my country” right before he was executed for spying for George Washington’s army in the American Revolutionary war) – has a statue at Yale, and an identical one at CIA headquarters.

Aside from being founded by opium smugglers and associated with starting the modern drug war, Skull & Bones was also the entity most responsible for the creation of the CIA – and the CIA is arguably the biggest drug dealing organization of them all. So which Skull & Bones members were also CIA creators or CIA agents?

Henry L. Stimson (Skull & Bones 1888) was Secretary of War under Taft, the president who created the modern-day war on drugs, and also Secretary of War under Truman, the president who created the CIA. He also did a stint as Governor General of the Philippines (1927-1929), as did the drug warriors and fellow Bonesmen Taft (1901-1904) and Harrison (1913-1921).  He was known to have a huge influence on younger politicians and bureaucrats, to the extent that his crew became known as the “Stimson Kindergarten”. (47)

Harvey Hollister Bundy (Skull & Bones 1909) was Stimson’s Special Assistant Secretary of War, and father of the Skull & Bones brothers and Kennedy aides William and McGeorge Bundy. (48)

Averell Harriman (Skull & Bones 1913) was a trusted advisor to Harry Truman and then later a member of the National Security Council. (49)

Prescott Sheldon Bush (Skull & Bones 1917) was in US Army Intelligence back in WW1. He is the son of “Merchant of Death” Samuel Prescott Bush – who was a war profiteer in World War 1 – and father of George Herbert Walker Bush. (50) Some say Prescott Bush got his friend Allen Dulles the job of head of the CIA. (51)

Robert A. Lovett (Skull & Bones 1918), WW1 aviator, chaired the 1945 Lovett Committee, which led to the creation of the CIA in 1947. (52)

Harriman, Bush, and Lovett – along with US intelligence operative and non-Bones member David K.E. Bruce – worked at the Brown Brother’s Harriman bank, and all four of these men lived in the tiny, exclusive and rich neighborhood of Jupiter Island, Florida, at exactly the same time as the CIA was being formed in 1946 and 1947. (53)

Other Skull & Bones members who were also in the CIA:

F. Trubee Davison (Skull & Bones 1918), WWI aviator, Assistant US Secretary of War, New York State Representative, Director of Personnel at the CIA. (54)

Eugene Stetson (Skull & Bones 1934), an assistant manager at Brown Brothers, Harriman, organized the H. Smith Richardson Foundation, which helped finance MK-ULTRA, a secret CIA domestic psychological warfare operation which included some of the most brutal mind-control experiments using drugs such as LSD at Bridgewater Hospital for the criminally insane in Massachusetts in the ’50s – a hospital later exposed as a horrific affront to human dignity in the brutal documentary “Titticut Follies”. (55)

William P. Bundy (Skull & Bones 1939), CIA officer from 1951 to 1961, and McGeorge Bundy (Skull & Bones 1940), not officially CIA, but was in military intelligence and worked closely with members of the CIA at the Council on Foreign Relations. Both were close advisors to JFK, advising him on Cuba and Vietnam. Colonel Fletcher Prouty – Chief of Special Operations under the Joint Chiefs of Staff under JFK – accused McGeorge Bundy of sabotaging the Bay of Pigs invasion to attempt to force JFK into overt American involvement, as well as having prior knowledge of the JFK assassination. (56)

Richard Drain, (Skull & Bones 1943), one of the CIA’s masterminds of the Bay of Pigs invasion. (57)

Charles S. Whitehouse (Skull & Bones 1947), CIA Agent (1947–1956), U.S. Ambassador to Laos and Thailand in the 1970s (58) – the site of major CIA drug operations during that period.

George H. W. Bush (Skull & Bones 1948), 41st President of the United States, 11th Director of Central Intelligence. Son of Skull & Bones member Prescott Bush. Father of the 43rd president of the USA: George W. Bush. The biggest drug kingpin in history. His life reads like a moment-by-moment history of CIA drug trafficking. This book is mainly about him. (59)

Evan G. Galbraith, (Skull & Bones 1950), CIA Agent from 1953 to 1957 (60) – best friend to his Bones Brother William F. Buckley, Jr. (Skull & Bones 1950), founder of National Review, “former” CIA officer. (61)

Some researchers tie at least 25 Skull & Bones members to the US intelligence community (62), including Senator John Kerry (Skull & Bones 1966), who chaired the Kerry Commission from 1986 to 1989, which looked into drug smuggling by the CIA in the Iran-Contra affair, (63) and David Boren (Skull & Bones 1963), who was the Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from 1987 to 1993, during the height of the various Iran-Contra investigations. (64)

Richard M. Bissell was not a Bonesman, but his older brother William Truesdale Bissell (Skull & Bones 1925) was. Richard M. Bissell taught at Yale, was an assistant to Averell Harriman, a member of the CIA and in charge of the Bay of Pigs invasion. (65) He was offered a membership in Skull & Bones but turned it down. (66)

Porter Goss was a member of two other Yale-based secret societies: “Book and Snake” and “Psi Upsilon”. He later went on to be a member of the CIA, the CIA-sponsored assassination squad “Operation 40”, participated in the Bay of Pigs invasion, was Chairperson of the House Intelligence Committee from 1997 to 2005, and finally Director of the CIA briefly under George W. Bush – himself Skull & Bones, class of 1968. In his 1960 Psi Upsilon frat was John Negroponte (Ambassador to Honduras 1981-1985 and Director of National Intelligence 2005-2007 – and William Henry Trotter Bush aka “Bucky” Bush, baby brother of George HW Bush. (67)

Dean Acheson was a member of yet another Yale-based secret society – “Scroll and Key” – and was Secretary of State under Truman. He came up with the “Truman Doctrine” – the plan to contain the Soviet Union and prevent expansion – a plan that would call for plenty of “intelligence”. His daughter Mary married William Bundy – a CIA agent and member of Skull & Bones. (68)

Cord Meyer was a CIA agent in charge of “Operation Mockingbird” – a plan to secretly influence domestic and foreign media, and implicated in the assassination of JFK. Meyer was married to JFK’s closest lover, Mary Pinchot Meyer – daughter of Amos Pinchot, Skull & Bones 1897 – who herself was murdered mysteriously about a year after JFK was. Cord Meyer was also a member of Scroll and Key. (69)

Tracy Barnes, a senior staff member at the CIA – responsible for Planning the 1954 Guatemalan coup d’etat and the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion were also a member of Scroll and Key. (70)

George H.W. Bush’s great-grandfather James Smith Bush supported the founding of a secret society at Yale called “Wolf’s Head” back in 1883. (71) Amongst its members was Lewis Lehrman who back in 1983 helped to found Citizens for America, an organization which aided Oliver North‘s campaign to supply the anti-communist Contra guerrillas in Nicaragua. (72)

Skull & Bones – and the other secret societies at Yale – seemed to be (at one time) farm teams for the CIA … a trial runs to see if a person was any good at keeping secrets. Given the apparent fact that members of Skull & Bones gave birth to the CIA and have played a prominent role in its activities since it’s inception, the next question should be: is there any convincing evidence that the CIA had and/or has anything to do with drug smuggling? Skull & Bones was begun by a drug dealer – did members of Skull & Bones design the CIA to be the perfect drug-dealing organization?

Part 1: Chapter 4: CIA and drugs (1947-present)

“This situation went back a quarter century.”

– Ramsey Clark, in conversation with Allen Ginsberg, regarding the fact that most narcotic agents “are themselves involved in dope trafficking”, 1970 (73)

“The CIA’s operational directorate, in other words, that are their covert operations, para-military, dirty tricks – call it whatever you want – has for at least 40 years that we can document – paid for a significant amount of its work through the sales of heroin and cocaine. It happened in Vietnam, it happened in Afghanistan, it happened in Pakistan, the wars with the Russians, it happens in South America, it happens in Columbia and so forth. In the Iran-Contra affair, drug money has been integral to CIA covert operations practically from the beginning of this Agency.”

– Christopher Simpson, “Crack The CIA”, Guerrilla News Network, 2001 (74)

“For the purpose of coordinating the intelligence activities of the several Government departments and agencies in the interest of national security, it shall be the duty of the Agency, under the direction of the National Security Council – … (5) to perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence affecting the national security as the National Security Council may from time to time direct.”

– National Security Act, 1947, Act of July 26, 1947 (75)


“I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations.” 

– President Harry S. Truman, “Limit CIA Role To Intelligence” Harry S Truman, The Washington Post, December 22, 1963 (two months after the JFK assassination) (76)

CIA drug lord pioneer Paul Helliwell

The OSS – or “Office of Strategic Services” – was the main intelligence gathering tool of the US armed forces during World War 2, and the predecessor of the CIA. Many authors have connected the OSS with drug trafficking. Douglas Valentine, author of numerous books and articles about the CIA, the DEA and “black ops”, highlights the importance of OSS officer Paul Helliwell as a pioneer of CIA drug dealing:

“Paul Helliwell is the personification of the CIA’s respectable, financial aspect of international drug trafficking. While serving as an Army Intelligence officer in the Middle East in the Second World War, he was drafted by William Donovan to managing OSS Special Intelligence operations in China. In that sensitive position, Helliwell worked with Chiang Kai-shek’s intelligence chief, General Tai Li, and through him the drug smuggling Green Gang in Shanghai. Under his direction, OSS officers also employed opium as a weapon of political warfare. As historian Richard H. Smith informs us, ‘Through his agent, Le Xuan, [OSS officer] Roberts bribed an old Vietnamese nationalist with a pouch of opium and thus secured a full dossier on Ho’s revolutionary background, including the record of his years in Moscow.’ This was no small event. The discovery of that dossier convinced the Americans not to back the Vietnamese nationalists against the French in Indochina and turned the tide of history. After serving as chief of a Strategic Services Unit in the Far East, Helliwell joined a Miami law firm in 1947. A specialist in private financing, he helped set up the CIA proprietary companies Civil Air Transport (later renamed Air America)…” (77)

Other authors point to Helliwell’s fund-raising activities. Investigative journalist Daniel Hopsicker identifies Helliwell’s initial role as one of drug smuggler:

“But the Sixties weren’t the start of the CIA dealing drugs. Before there was a CIA there had been the OSS. The heroin that the OSS dealt was grown in Burma and refined in Shanghai. They stumbled upon this import when they were in Asia with the Flying Tigers trying to stop Mao from assuming power. The poppy-to-ghetto connection actually began in World War 2, with Colonel Paul Helliwell of the OSS, who brought heroin from Burma to the U.S. as far back as the mid-1940’s.” (78)

Paul Helliwell was A Colonel in the US Army and head of the Secret Intelligence Branch of the OSS in Europe in 1943. Here he began working with future CIA head Richard Helms, Iran-Contra conspirator & CIA founder John K. Singlaub, and CIA Watergate burglar E. Howard Hunt. And here Helliwell began participating in the drug trade in order to pay informants – the going rate was “three sticky brown bars” of opium, apparently. (79)

More than one researcher claims that Helliwell was the CIA’s number one black ops banker. (80) One researcher has tied Helliwell to Bush:

“A CIA front in the Bahamas run by former OSS China hand (and former boss of E. Howard Hunt) Paul Helliwell, it was used as a personal bank by Richard Nixon, George H.W. Bush, and Robert Vesco, as well as by an assortment of Republican movers-and-shakers and the occasional drug runner and Mafia don.” (81)

Helliwell was key in setting up the massive infrastructure and labyrinth of financial institutions necessary to import drugs and finance coup-d’etats. As author Pete Brewton explains:

Helliwell later became the financier for the CIA’s anti-Castro operations such as “Operation 40”, “JM Wave”, “Operation Mongoose” and “Operation Zapata” – otherwise known as the Bay of Pigs invasion. He also set up many airlines and banks that specialized in smuggling and drug profits: “Sea Supply Inc.”, “Mercantile Bank and Trust”, “Castle Bank and Trust”, “American Bankers Insurance Company”, “Intercontinental Holding”, and most famously “Civil Air Transport” which later became “Air America” – the notorious smuggling CIA smuggling operation in the Golden Triangle. Air America became so notorious Hollywood made a movie about it starring Mel Gibson and Robert Downey Jr. Helliwell was identified by journalist Jim Drinkhall as being the reputed paymaster for the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion. (82)

The Sicilian and Corsican Mafias

Regulations or events such as the US Pure Food And Drug Act of 1906 (which required “addictive” and/or “dangerous” drugs be labeled as such), the Canadian Anti-Opium Act of 1908 (which banned the “importation, manufacture and sale of opium for other than medicinal purposes”), the 1909 US “act to prohibit the importation and use of opium for other than medicinal purposes”, the Shanghai Conference of 1909 (the beginning of international cooperation on “drug control”), the Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 (which regulated and taxed the production, importation and distribution of opiates and coca products and was later seen by the courts as a prohibition on prescribing opiates to addicts) all helped to set the stage for the slew of other prohibitions on certain drugs in the US (including the 1924 Heroin Act, the 1932 Uniform State Narcotic Drug Act, the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act and several international treaties) that were all in place by WW2. (83)

Jewish and Italian gangsters immediately began providing these drugs to all manner of U.S. customers the moment they began disappearing from drug stores. Illegal drugs didn’t really become less accessible after drug prohibition came into effect – the distribution just switched over to less accountable retailers.

The OSS began working with the Mafia when the OSS traded Mafia cooperation in breaking up striking dockworkers and assistance with the Invasion of Italy in exchange for the freedom of Lucky Luciano and hundreds of other gangsters who were in jail at the time. The CIA continued to work with the Mafia in the destruction of the striking dockworkers of Marseilles. As a reward for cooperation, the Mafia was allowed to use Marseilles as their “French Connection” between the opium that arrived from the Golden Triangle and the heroin that left for Cuba.

Alfred W. McCoy, who was the first author to bring attention to CIA drug dealing in his landmark book “The Politics of Heroin In Southeast Asia” (1972), provided much of the evidence for CIA-Mafia cooperation in the 1940’s, and draws attention to the tendency of the CIA to justify “complicity in the drug trade” by claiming “anti-communism” as a higher priority:

“The CIA’s complicity in the drug trade was a product of the cold war. … From 1948 to 1950, the CIA allied itself with the Corsican underworld in its struggle against the French Communist party for control over the strategic Mediterranean port of Marseille. With CIA support, the Corsicans overcame their rival and for the next quarter century used their control over the Marseille waterfront to dominate the export of heroin to the U.S. market.” (84)

Authors Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair tie the CIA to the biggest illegal drug smuggling operation of the 1950’s and 1960’s – the “French Connection”:

“(In 1950) Both Lansky and Luciano were eager to get out the vulnerable business of heroin production and concentrate on drug sales. Production was assigned to the Guerinis and other Corsican syndicates based in Marseilles. The Corsicans already had a worldwide production network, with labs in Indochina, Latin America, and the Middle East. They also enjoyed near perfect political protection. They not only have the gratitude of the French right (they had prudently never sold heroin in France) but also of the CIA, which had helped make them the most powerful force in Marseilles. Thus was forged the French Connection, whereby 80 percent of the heroin entering the United States via Cuba came from Marseilles with the compliance of US government agencies, primarily the CIA. Between 1950 and 1965 there were no arrests of any executive working in this French Connection.” (85)

These early CIA drug deals have been verified through other sources, including authors Henrik Kruger, Rodney Stich and Michael Ruppert. (86)

  1. George H. W. Bush and drug trafficking

“Many researchers contend that George Bush has been with the CIA since the early 1950’s and that one of his jobs was to consolidate and co-ordinate the worldwide narcotics industry, the largest industry on Earth. Some say that one of the reasons behind the Vietnam “Police Action” was a cover for the consolidation of the “Golden Triangle”.”

– Kris Millegan, 1996 (87)

Cuba, the Mafia, Zapata Offshore & the JFK assassins (1953-1959)

“I know you’re working for the C-I-A

They wouldn’t have you in the maf-I-A”

– War, Why Can’t We Be Friends? 1975

Lorelei: What are you? C.I.A., Mafia?

Wallace: Both.

– The Man Who Knew Too Little, 1997

“In a 1961 Treasury Department document, it is noted that “… Cubans were engaged in smuggling large quantities of Peruvian cocaine to the United States, via Cuba…” – as far back as 1947.”

– U.S. Treasury Department, Bureau of Narcotics, September 1961, Washington, D.C. (88)

Havana: The first Gangsta’s Paradise

To understand how George H. W. Bush became the world’s biggest drug lord, one must first understand the illegal drug scene that existed when he began his career. Up until Bush and the CIA stepped up their smuggling game, Heroin and Cocaine were smuggled into the United States through one of two groups – the Corsicans (who came from an island in the Mediterranean under the control of France) and the Sicilians (who came from an island in the Mediterranean under the control of Italy). Because these Islands were often the last stop before contraband was smuggled into Europe, these communities had a long history in the black market business.

The Sicilians were organized by Charles “Lucky” Luciano and his Jewish partner Meyer Lansky. At the end of 1946, Luciano and Lansky held a major gathering of Mafia bosses. They hired Frank Sinatra to perform – and to provide a cover/excuse – to explain the presence of so many gangsters in one place at one time. Havana was already “the most important transit point for Luciano’s European heroin shipments.” (89) The Federal Bureau of Narcotics had spies at this meeting, and quickly surmised that the mob planned to make Cuba “the center of all international narcotic operations.” (90)

The Corsicans were in charge of an operation that moved opium from the East, processed it in Marseille, France, and moved it from Canada into the US. This was famously known as the “French Connection”. (91) It was begun back in the 1920’s. (92) The Sicilians were junior partners in this operation, but by 1957 they would establish their own operation called the “Pizza Connection” – due to Italian pizzerias being the principal retail outlet. (93)

Attending the Havana Conference was Santo Trafficante Jr. – who ran things for his dad – Miami mobster Santo Trafficante Sr. (and Meyer Lansky) in Havana. (94) Trafficante was a sometimes employee of Jack Ruby – the killer of JFK assassination patsy Lee Harvey Oswald. Also attending was Carlos Marcello – boss of New Orleans, sometimes employer of David Ferrie – a major suspect in the JFK assassination.

David Ferrie was a pilot and a captain in the Louisiana Civil Air Patrol. He had connections in the CIA and the Mafia.

In the film “JFK” by Oliver Stone, David Ferrie – played by Joe Pesci – had this to say about Jack Ruby:

“Jack was a pimp. A bagman for the Dallas mob. Ran guns to Castro when he was on our side. Castro was almost with us till we tried to whack him. Everybody keeps flipping sides.”

In the Civil Air Patrol Ferrie met and taught a young Lee Harvey Oswald. Oswald and Ferrie can be seen together in a group photograph from a 1955 CAP training camp. When Oswald was arrested for shooting officer Tippit, they found Ferrie’s library card in his wallet. (95)

“…Seal participated in many of the signal events in America During the second half of the 20th Century… Running guns to Fidel Castro in the mountains of Cuba … flying at the Bay of Pigs invasion … piloting a get-away plane after the assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy … flying into the Golden Triangle during America’s Secret War in Laos … Barry Seal even had a cameo role in the Watergate Scandal.”

– Daniel Hopsicker, Barry And The Boys, 2001, (96)

Barry Seal – #1 CIA black-ops pilot from the 1950’s to the 1980’s.

Another member of the Civil Air Patrol was Barry Seal. Like Bush, he seems connected to many important CIA events of the 1950’s, 60’s, 70’s and 80’s. Like Oswald, he was also a teen when Ferrie instructed him in the ways of the paramilitary spy. In a letter written by Seal to Federal Judge Lestage, written in 1972 and quoted in “Barry And The Boys”, Seal wrote:

“In the years 1956, 1957 and 1958 I worked for the CJ Simpson de Cuba Drilling Company, which had three rotary drilling rigs operating in Cuba. Whether you or any of your associates are aware of the number of “implements of war” shipped by that company out of the United States as components of drilling equipment, I have no idea. But I advise you to find out! These shipments of “implements of war” by the CIA had no known open approval of the United States Government. …  I can name names of agents involved in these shipments. This whole sorry mess of the CIA putting Fidel Castro into a position to overthrow the government of Juan Batista has never been told to the public.” (97)

Barry Seal may soon become a topic of conversation in the collective consciousness – “American Made” – a movie about his life in the CIA starring Tom Cruise – is slated for release in late 2017. The film was originally going to be called “Mena” and released early in 2017. I hope they manage to pull it off. There will be more about Mena and Seal in an upcoming chapter in this series.

Fuck bananas – let’s import cocaine instead!

Author Dan Russell has taken note of the difficulties the CIA was having in its fundraising activities during the early 1950’s:

“One of the ways the CIA raised money was through the United Fruit Company – Allen Dulles, head of the CIA in 1953 – was a major stockholder, and a director of the Shroeder Banking LTD, which was tied to United Fruit and the CIA. But by 1952 the new socialist President, Colonel Jacobo Árbenz, had instituted modest land reform which included giving back some unused land that the United Fruit company had stolen from the people years earlier. This threatened United Fruit’s – and the CIA’s – ability to extort low wages from the no-longer-dependent peasants, so the CIA staged a coup in 1954. They also began looking for other sources of income.” (emphasis mine) (98)

George Bush – born into the CIA and destined to be its director – was no doubt viewed by his father as a solution to the “other sources of income” problem. Bonesman Neil Mallon and fellow Bonesman Prescott Bush (both Skull and Bones 1917) organized this “project”:

“On April 10, 1953, exactly two weeks after Zapata Offshore’s land-based sister, Zapata Petroleum, was launched, Neil Mallon wrote to CIA director Dulles about an upcoming meeting at D.C.’s Carlton Hotel. ‘In addition to Bob Johnson, I have invited a close personal friend, Prescott Bush. We want to talk to them about our Pilot Project in the Caribbean and have you listen in.’” (99)

Less than one week later (April 16th, 1953), the CIA drafted a plan to use the money to bribe members of the Iranian establishment to support a coup in Iran. (100)

It isn’t just the timing that is suspect. Careful examination of the other men involved in this pilot project confirms Zapata Off-Shore was a CIA front. Thomas Devine was one of Bush’s partners, and declassified memos have confirmed him as a CIA agent. (101) Another Partner – Richard Haigh“Robert” Gow – was Skull and Bones – class of 1955. (102)

Unaccustomed to going through customs

What was the nature of the Zapata Offshore operation? It appears that having an off-shore oil rig was the easiest way of moving large shipments of things from the Caribbean to mainland America while avoiding customs because off-shore oil rig crews did not have to go through customs as they went to and from work every day. There were many pieces of this puzzle, and when you put them together you get a clearer picture of what Zapata Offshore was all about:

“… George Bush, who at the time was the president and CEO of the offshore division of Zapata Oil, based in Texas. … It was correctly thought that the drugs could be shipped from South America to the offshore platforms by a fishing boat, to be taken from there to shore by the normal transportation used for supplies and personnel. By this method, no customs or law enforcement agency would subject the cargo to search. George Bush agreed to help and organized the operation in conjunction with the CIA. The plan worked better than anyone had dreamed. It has since expanded worldwide. … The CIA now controls most of the world’s illegal drug markets.”

– William Cooper, 1991 (103)

“It also seemed likely that Mooney (Sam Giancana), along with Marcello and Trafficante, continued to reap the benefits of an extensive CIA-Mafia-Texas cocaine smuggling ring with literally billions of dollars – a joint effort based in South America, Costa Rica, and Panama, which Mooney had described to Chuck (Charles Giancana) during the Bay of Pigs era. Based on his brother’s comments at that time, Chuck suspected the ring utilized offshore Texas oil wells to subvert the efforts of U.S. Customs.”

– Sam and Chuck Giancana, 1992, (104)

“A body of leads has been assembled which suggests that George Bush may have been associated with the CIA at some time before the autumn of 1963. According to Joseph McBride of The Nation, ‘a source with close connections to the intelligence community confirms that Bush started working for the agency in 1960 or 1961, using his oil business as a cover for clandestine activities.’”

– Webster Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin, 2012 (105)

“The real mission [of these oil and gas drilling platforms was to funnel weapons and money to the Nicaraguans, and also to bring illegal drugs into the United States. … Rowan International was a cover for a branch of Zapata Oil. Zapata Oil and Exploration had many land-based operations in Central and South America as well as offshore rigs.”

– Rodney Stich, 1994 (106)

Michael Maholy alleges that Zapata Off-Shore was used as part of a CIA drug-smuggling ring to pay for arming Nicaraguan Contras in 1986-1988, including Rodriguez, Eugene Hasenfus and others. Mahony claims Zapata’s oil rigs were used as staging bases for drug shipments, allegedly named “Operation Whale Watch.” Mahony allegedly worked for Naval Intelligence, US State Department and CIA for two decades.”

– Wikipedia entry for “Zapata Offshore” circa 2011 – before it was edited out (107)

Ted Shackley – a high-ranking member of the CIA and longtime associate of George Bush – was also involved in drug trafficking back in the 1950’s:

“Bowen was a friend of Shackley’s, having worked with him from the early 1950s until 1984. In 1959, Shackley was a passenger onboard a C-46 piloted by Bowen when the plane crashed in the Bolivian Andes. As Bowen told Stich: ‘It was loaded with drugs!’”

– Rodney Stich, 1998 (108)

The above information should be enough to make those who respect the truth suspicious of CIA claims of innocence regarding it’s relationship to the illegal drug trade. There is a phenomenon that can be found throughout human history called “elite deviance”, where the rich and the powerful – already isolated inside a bubble of inequity – begin to feel and act like laws don’t apply to them. Nothing illustrates 20th-century elite deviance like CIA drug dealing – perpetrated by rich, white, over-privileged men who got sent to the best schools and joined the best clubs.

Nothing … except for maybe a huge list of CIA-perpetrated assassinations by these same over-privileged frat boys in the pursuit of fostering and protecting CIA drug dealing.

Which is exactly what the next chapter of this story involves – the drug smuggling CIA assassination squad that first went after Fidel Castro … and then JFK. A demon of death was let loose upon the Earth as a result, which left many skulls and bones in its wake.

  1. Bill Weinberg, George Bush: The Super-Spy Drug-Smuggling President, 1992, Shadow Press, New York, New York, p. 1
  2. Rogue Elephant: The Drug Trade, the Kennedy Assassination, and the War in Vietnam, Kent Heiner, 2001 http://bottleofbits.info/econ/rogue.htm https://www.mail-archive.com/[email protected]/msg72702.html
  3. Robert Anton Wilson, Cosmic Trigger Volume 3 – My Life After Death, 1995, New Falcon Publications, Reno, Nevada, p. 121
  4. Hannah Arendt, Responsibility and Judgment, 2003, Schocken Books, New York, p. 21, originally from an article entitled “Personal Responsibility Under Dictatorship”, 1964
  5. http://www.vice.com/en_ca/video/bc-bud-part-2
  6. http://www.cannabisculture.com/content/1998/1/2/1301
  7. Chris Bennett, Sex, Drugs, Violence and the Bible, Forbidden Fruit Publishing, Gibsons, BC
  8. https://www.alchimiaweb.com/blogen/dr-courtneys-raw-cannabis-juice/
  1. “We’ve certainly seen them get stronger,” said a U.S. law enforcement official in Mexico, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of security reasons. The Sinaloa cartel is “the most powerful drug trafficking organization in the world.”
    U.S. Intelligence Says Sinaloa Cartel Has Won Battle for Ciudad Juarez Drug Routes April 9, 2010 – 4:35 AM, ALICIA A. CALDWELL AND MARK STEVENSON, Associated Press http://www.cnsnews.com/node/63984

“According to the U.S. Attorney General, the Sinaloa Cartel is responsible for importing into the United States and distributing nearly 200 tons of cocaine and large amounts of heroin between 1990 and 2008.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinaloa_Cartel 200 tons = 181437 kilos. Cocaine is about 30,000 dollars per kilo. 181437 times 30,000 equals 5.5 billion dollars.

“Prior to his arrest in a condominium in the Pacific resort of Mazatlan last Saturday, El Chapo had cut a near-mythical figure as the head of the Federation, establishing himself as Mexico’s dominant drug lord with an estimated fortune of $1 billion.”  

http://www.vocativ.com/underworld/drugs/mexicos-cartel-brats-brag-social-media/

  1. Loera http://www.forbes.com/profile/joaquin-guzman-loera/

http://www.cnn.com/2011/09/19/world/americas/mexico-drug-lord/index.html

http://www.ebaumsworld.com/video/watch/84890446/

http://www.ebaumsworld.com/pictures/some-of-the-most-notorious-drug-barons-in-history-11-photos/85120880/

(11) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UdkE7DX2cdM   10 Notorious Drug Lords (12) http://nation.time.com/2014/02/23/mexican-drug-lord-el-chapo-joaquin-guzman-extradition/

(13) Al Martin, The Conspirators, 2002, National Liberty Press, Montana, pp. 196-197

(14) “Not only is it a shocking and uncensored expose’ of Iran-Contra scandals, the book is a hidden history of US Government crime and corruption. Al Martin’s account include first-hand knowledge of US Government drug trafficking, illegal weapons deals, as well as wholesale fraud by government perps — securities fraud, real estate fraud, and insurance fraud. When George Bush, Bill Casey and Oliver North initiated their plan of State-sanctioned fraud and drug smuggling, they envisioned using 500 men to raise $35 billion. When Iran-Contra finally fell apart, they had ended up using 5,000 operatives and making $350 billion.” – Publisher’s blurb, The Conspirators: Secrets of an Iran-Contra Insider by Al Martin 

almartinraw.com/book.html 

(15) http://www.celebritynetworth.com/articles/entertainment-articles/20-richest-drug-dealers-time/#!/1-pablo-escobar-net-worth-30-billion_1083/

(16) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ED63A_hcd0

(17) http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution/the-principle-of-authority#s2.2p5

(18) http://www.bartleby.com/115/12.html

(19) http://yubanet.com/regional/The-Rise-of-the-Opium-Trade.php#.Vl6LT2SrRFU

(20) Kris Millegan, Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, 2003, TrineDay, Waltervill, Oregon,  pp. 2, 325

(21)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_%26_Company

(22) W. Travis Hanes & Frank Sanello, The Opium Wars, 2002, Sourcebooks Inc., Naperville, Illinois, p. 42 See also: Steven Sora, Secret Societies of America’s Elite, 2003, Destiny Books, Rochester, Vermont, pp. 242-243

(23) Secret Societies of America’s Elite, p. 252

(24) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 2, see also http://www.minormusings.com/Drugs/Delanos.html

(25) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russell_%26_Company

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbes_family

(26) Alfred McCoy, The Politics of Heroin, 1991, Laurence Hill Books, Brooklyn, New York, p. 98

(27) David F. Musto, MD, THE HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE CONTROL OVER OPIUM, COCAINE, AND THEIR DERIVATIVES

http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/history/ophs.htm

(28) Dale Gieringer, America’s Hundred Years War On Drugs – Centennial of the 1st Congressional Anti-Drug Law – Prohibiting Opium in the Philippines – Mar. 3rd 1905 – 2005, http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/DrugWarCentennial1.htm

(29) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 6

(30) Christopher Silvester, ed., The Penguin Book of Interviews: An Anthology From 1859 To The Present Day, 1993, Viking, London, p. 244

(31) Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States, Harper Perennial, New York, 1980, p. 308

(32) https://espressostalinist.com/genocide/philippine-american-war/

(33) William Blum, Killing Hope, 2004, Common Courage Press, Monroe, Maine, p. 39

(34) http://www.chanrobles.com/acts/actsno1761.html

(35) https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1306/today-in-philippine-history-october-10-1907-the-new-opium-law-was-passed-by-the-philippine-commission

(36) David Musto, The American Disease, 1999, Oxford University Press, New York, p. 34  – See also: Opium provided the Islands’ government with an early test of its moral intentions.8 For more than half a century the Spanish had operated a government opium monopoly. Opium was contracted out to merchants who paid taxes on their sales to the Chinese, the only ethnic group permitted to purchase it. When Spanish control suddenly ended, opium imports increased. A cholera epidemic in 1902 reportedly made opium use widespread among the natives, because the constipating qualities of the alkaloids in opium were thought to be life-saving. A tradition of government monopoly of opium sales, supported by a sizable number of Chinese opium smokers and a growing number of natives smoking or eating opium, presented the federal government with an unprecedented problem and unprecedented latitude in the choice of a solution. The Supreme Court had decided in 1901 that doctrines of states’ rights were inapplicable to the insular possessions; Congress and the Philippine Commission, therefore, had authority to take almost any action with regard to the opium question.10-The first solution proposed was pragmatic: reinstitution of the opium monopoly, restriction of sales to Chinese, and application of the revenue to the immense task of public education.11 Commissioner of Public Instruction James Smith strongly favored this approach, and his recommendation was approved by Governor Taft. The bill started routinely through the machinery of the Philippine government, but between the second and final readings it was “electrocuted by Presidential lightning.” 12 The Reverend Wilbur Crafts, leader of the International Reform Bureau in the United States, recalled that he heard almost casually of this moral outrage–a government pandering to opium craving by degenerate races. Quickly, by letter and by telegraph, he organized opposition: messages flowed into the ‘White House asking President Roosevelt to veto the bill. To profit from such ignoble trade would involve the United States in the support of indefensible vices. Bishop Brent also opposed the scheme on grounds identical with those he gave when returning donations earned through gambling.” When the opposition first appeared, Secretary of War Root cabled Taft: “Hold opium monopoly bill. Further investigation. Many protests.” 14 Soon opposition proved so strong that the bill was withdrawn. David Musto, The American Disease, 1999, Oxford University Press, New York, p. 26  http://www.drugtext.org/The-American-Disease/2-diplomats-and-reformers.html

(37)“PLAN WORLD WAR ON OPIUM TRAFFIC”, Washington Herald, December 31st, 1908, reproduced in The Dope Chronicles, Gary Silver, editor, 1979, Yellow Press, San Francisco, p. 84 – See also: “The acceptance of this invitation by Great Britain – the arch-offender in this drugging of China that has gone on relentlessly since before our revolutionary war – amounts to one of the greatest diplomatic triumphs ever won by a nation, one whose honors Secretary Root must share with Robert Bacon, his assistant Secretary of State. … The brown ‘dope’ got into our veins when we got hold of the Philippines, where Mr. Taft found thousands of our subjects addicted to the drug. He had hospitals opened for the ‘fiends’ and he called a Commission to draw up a plan for the eradication of the vice.” – “OPIUM CONFERENCE TO UNDO THE CRIME OF A CENTURY”, The Daily Picayune, New Orleans, Dec. 27, 1908

(38) http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1912/root-facts.html

(39) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 157-158 See also: The American Disease, p. 38

(40) Jill Jonnes, Hep-Cats, Narcs, and Pipe Dreams, 1996, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, p. 334

(41) Barbara Hodgson, In The Arms Of Morpheus, 2001, Greystone Books, Vancouver & Toronto, p. 128

(42) http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/history/e1910/harrisonact.htm  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrison_Narcotics_Tax_Act

(43) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 620

(44) Hep-Cats, Narcs, and Pipe Dreams, p. 56 See also: https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/258/280/case.html

(45) http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/268/5.html   

“It is evident that the Supreme Court opinion in the (1926) (sic) Lindner (sic) case, removing restrictions on treatment of addicts, had no noticeable restraining effect on the Treasury Department in its war on physicians.” – Report on Drug Addiction II, Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, July 1963, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 432-33 – “In Webb v. U.S., decided in 1919, the Court held that it was not legal for a physician to prescribe narcotic drugs to an addict-patient for the purpose of maintaining his or her use and comfort. In U.S. v. Behrman, decided three years later, this ruling went one step further by declaring that a narcotic prescription for an addict was unlawful, even if the drugs were prescribed as part of a cure program. The impact of these decisions combined to make it almost impossible for addicts to obtain drugs legally. In 1925 the Supreme Court emphatically reversed itself in Lindner (sic) v. U.S., disavowing the Behrman opinion and holding that addicts were entitled to medical care like other patients, but the ruling had almost no effect. By that time, physicians were unwilling to treat addicts under any circumstances, and a well developed illegal drug marketplace had emerged to cater to the needs of the addict population.” – James A. Inciardi, The War On Drugs: Heroin, Cocaine, Crime, and Public Policy, 1986, Mayfield Publishing, Palo Alto, California, p. 15

(46) Ron Rosenbaum, Travels with Dr. Death, 1991, Penguin Books, New York, New York, p. 376

(47) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 617  “US Secretary of War Henry Stimson hired McCloy as a consultant in September 1940, who became immersed in war planning … McCloy during the war served on the government task forces that built the Pentagon, created the Office of Strategic Services, which eventually became the Central Intelligence Agency …” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_J._McCloy see also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_L._Stimson

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_skullbones05.htm#HENRY STIMSON: MASTER BONESMAN

(48) Webster Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin, George Bush, the Unauthorized Biography, 1992, Progressive Press, Washington, DC, p. 127 – See also Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 627

(49) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 630 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States_National_Security_Council_1947%E2%80%9353

(50) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 632 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prescott_Bush

(51) “President Eisenhower, just a month into his presidency in 1953, appointed Dulles as the first civilian director of the CIA, acting on the advice of Ike’s friend and confidant Senator Prescott Bush of Connecticut. Bush, the father of a president and grandfather of another, was one of Hitler’s American bankers during World War II until the FBI shut down the bank, and all records of his Nazi past vanished.  … The truth about the CIA’s use of Nazis remained secret for nearly half a century, covered up by the Dulles and others, including a later CIA director and future U.S. president, George H.W. Bush, who gave Angleton access to his files which Angleton destroyed in a fire before his death.” Michael B. Schweitzer, Q&A ABOUT THE ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY: An Attorney’s Evidentiary & Historical Analysis November 22, 2012

  https://mikiestar.com/qa-about-the-assassination-of-president-kennedy-2/

(52) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 633

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_A._Lovett#Early_government_career

(53) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, pp. 296-300

http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1964&dat=19860730&id=23wkAAAAIBAJ&sjid=idsFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1028,6778433

http://tarpley.net/online-books/george-bush-the-unauthorized-biography/chapter-7-skull-and-bones-the-racist-nightmare-at-yale/

http://www.ctrl.org/boodleboys/boodleboys1.html

(54) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 633 – See also: “Time Magazine of August 24, 1925 featured Davison on its cover. He had been appointed Chairman of a prestigious new office, the National Crime Commission, to organize a national movement for the reduction of crime. With Prohibition in full swing, consider the context of his responsibilities in this assignment! He served that office until 1927.”

http://dmairfield.com/people/davison_ft/

(55) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 643 http://www.hightimes.com/read/skull-bones

(56) L. Fletcher Prouty, JFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy, 2011, Skyhorse Publishing, New York, New York, p. X – See also: Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, pp. 645-646

(57) Kevin Phillips, American Dynasty, 2004, Viking, New York, New York, p. 206 – See also: Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 648

(58) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 650 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_S._Whitehouse

(59) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 650

(60) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 652  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evan_G._Galbraith

(61) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 652 http://tarpley.net/online-books/george-bush-the-unauthorized-biography/chapter-7-skull-and-bones-the-racist-nightmare-at-yale/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Skull_and_Bones_members

http://www.snowwowl.com/hhgeronimosskull.html

(62) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, pp. 6-9,

(63) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 661

(64) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 659 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Boren

(65) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones p. 319 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_M._Bissell,_Jr.

(66) https://boldtcastle.wordpress.com/fun-facts/stand-alones/skull-and-bones/

(67) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porter_Goss

http://www.apfn.org/apfn/qclub.htm

Interestingly, Bob Woodward – famous for his Watergate reporting – is also a member of Book & Snake. His connections to the intelligence community are investigated in “Family of Secrets” by Russ Baker. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Woodward

(68) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dean_Acheson

(69) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cord_Meyer

http://mssa.library.yale.edu/obituary_record/1925_1952/1943-44.pdf

(70) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tracy_Barnes

(71) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Smith_Bush

(72) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Lehrman

Apparently lawyer Robert Bishop Fiske, Jr. – a lawyer associated with both the Clinton Whitewater and BCCI scandals – is also a member of Wolf’s head.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_B._Fiske

http://wpedia.goo.ne.jp/enwiki/Wolf’s_Head_(secret_society)

(73) The Realist, Issue Number 89 – March-April 1971 – Page 105

http://www.ep.tc/realist/89/105.html

(74) http://web.archive.org/web/20020101221939/http://www.guerrillanews.com/crack/c_simpson.html 

https://archive.org/details/ctc

See also:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CIA_drug_trafficking

http://www.serendipity.li/cia.html

http://darkpolitics.wordpress.com/cia-involvement-in-drug-smuggling-part-1/

(75) “National Security Act”, Public Law 80-253, 61 STAT 495, https://research.archives.gov/id/299856

(76) – page A11, Copyright, 1963, by Harry S Truman

http://www.maebrussell.com/Prouty/Harry%20Truman’s%20CIA%20article.html

(77) Douglas Valentine, The Strength Of The Wolf, 2004, Verso, London, pp. 154-155

(78) Daniel Hopsicker, Barry and the Boys, 2001, Mad Cow Press, Eugene, Oregon,        pp. 186-187

(79) http://quixoticjoust.blogspot.ca/search/label/Paul%20Helliwell   http://quixoticjoust.blogspot.ca/2013/05/an-off-books-private-war.html

http://quixoticjoust.blogspot.ca/2013/07/three-degrees-of-separation-from-cia.html

http://www.madcowprod.com/10182007.html

http://spartacus-educational.com/JFKhelliwell.htm

http://www.minormusings.com/Page/Norton.html

See also: Patricia Goldstone, Interlock: Art, Conspiracy, and the Shadow Worlds of Mark Lombardi, Counterpoint; Reprint edition, 2016

(80) “During the 1960s and 1970s, several shady banks in the Caribbean were associated with the CIA, notably Castle Bank & Trust Company and an affiliate called Mercantile Bank and Trust Ltd. Both institutions were run by an OSS veteran named Paul Helliwell and were used by the CIA for covert operations.” Peter Truell and Larry Gurwin, False Profits, Houghton Mifflin, Boston and New York, 1992, pp. 124-125

(81) The Brotherhood of Eternal Love, THE GREAT DOPE OPERA

http://belhistory.weebly.com/acid-daze.html

(82) Pete Brewton, The Mafia, CIA & George Bush, 1992, S.P.I. Books, New York New York, p. 297

(83) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_State_Narcotic_Drug_Act

http://stressedanddepressed.ca/photo-gallery/essential-documents/

http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/371/ille/rep/repfinalvol3-e.htm#Chapter 19

(84) The Politics of Heroin, pp. 17-18

(85) Cockburn & St. Clair, Whiteout – The CIA, Drugs and The Press, 1998, Verso, London and New York, p. 141

(86) “The U.S. government’s narcotics Mafia connection goes back, as is well known, to World War 2. Two controversial joint operations between OSS (Office of Strategic Services) and ONI (U.S. naval intelligence) established contacts (via Lucky Luciano) with the Sicilian Mafia, and (via Tai Li) with the dope-dealing Green Gang of Tu Yueh-Sheng in Shanghai.” Henrik Kruger, The Great Heroin Coup, 1980, Black Rose Books, Montreal, p. 14

“My CIA, OSS, and DEA informants described their roles in the intelligence agency drug trafficking starting in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. Rodney Stich,  Defrauding America, Second Edition, 1994, Diablo Western Press, Alamo, California, p. 294

“The CIA has been dealing drugs since before it was the CIA; already in its first days, as the OSS during World War 2 it was facilitating and managing the trade, and directing its criminal proceeds to the places of it’s masters’ choosing.” Michael Ruppert, Crossing The Rubicon, 2004, New Society, Gabriola Island, BC, p.  67

(87) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 11

(88) http://cuban-exile.com/doc_126-150/doc0126.html

(89) “Organized crime was welcome in prerevolutionary Cuba, and Havana was probably the most important transit point for Luciano’s European heroin shipments. The leaders of Luciano’s heroin syndicate were at home in the Cuban capital and regarded it as a “safe” city: Lansky owned most of the city’s casinos, and the Trafficante family served as Lansky’s resident managers in Havana. Luciano’s 1947 visit to Cuba laid the groundwork for Havana’s subsequent role in international narcotics smuggling traffic. Arriving in January, Luciano summoned the leaders of American organized crime, including Meyer Lansky, to Havana for a meeting and began paying extravagant bribes to prominent Cuban officials as well.”  The Politics of Heroin, p. 40

(90) The Politics of Heroin, p. 40

(91) Illegal heroin labs were first discovered near MarseilleFrance, in 1937. These labs were run by Corsican gang leader Paul Carbone. For years, the Corsican underworld had been involved in the manufacturing and trafficking of heroin, primarily to the United States.[1] It was this heroin network that eventually became known as “the French Connection”. The Corsican Gang was protected by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the SDECE after World War II in exchange for working to prevent French Communists from bringing the Old Port of Marseille under their control.[2] Alfred W. McCoy, Cathleen B. Reach, and Leonard D. Adams, The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia (Harper & Row, 1972); Peter Dale Scott, The War Conspiracy (Bobbs-Merrill, 1972); Henrik Krueger, The Great Heroin Coup (South End, 1980); Leslie Cockburn, Out of Control (Atlantic Monthly, 1987). Carlo Cortes, AP, Manila, Oct. 25, 1989.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Connection#From_the_1930s_to_the_1950s

(92) The Politics of Heroin, p. 14

(93) “At first the Mafia’s operation was one of many individual operations connected or affiliated to the French-Corsican Mob or Unione Corse‘s famous “French Connection” heroin distribution ring. By the late 1950s, the Sicilians and Americans organized a joint U.S. and Sicilian La Cosa Nostra narcotics operation that would eventually grow into one of the largest global narcotics operation ever. This famous joint U.S.-Sicilian operation came to be known as the “Pizza Connection” and was cemented between the two mafia organizations at the famous mafia summit held at the Grand Hotel des Palmes in Palermo, Sicily in October 1957.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havana_Conference#Narcotics_trade

(94) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Havana_Conference#Narcotics_trade

(95) J. V. Baker, David Ferrie, 2014, Trine Day, Waterville, Oregon, p. 12

(96) Barry and the Boys, p. 19

(97) Ibid, p. 173

(98) Dan Russell, Drug War, 2000, Kalix.com, Camden, New York, p. 195

(99) Russ Baker, Family Of Secrets, 2009, Bloomsbury Press, New York, p. 34

(100) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Ajax#U.S._role

http://cryptome.org/iran-cia/sum.pdf

“On 16 April 1953 a comprehensive study entitled “Factors Involved in the Overthrow of Mossadeq was completed. The Study indicated that a Shah-General Zahedi combination, supported by CIA local assets and financial backing, would have a good chance of overthrowing Mossadeq, particularly if this combination should be able to get the largest mobs in the streets and if sizable portion of the Tehran garrison refused to carry out Mossadeq’s orders.” – I. PRELIMINARY STEPS, p. 3, from a secret CIA report: “CLANDESTINE SERVICE HISTORY, OVERTHROW OF PREMIER MOSSADEQ OF IRAN, November 1952-August 1953,” an operation planned and executed by the CIA and British SIS:

http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/mideast/041600iran-cia-index.html

https://cryptome.org/iran-cia/cia-iran-pdf.htm

(101) Thomas Devine was born in around 1926. After the Second World War he joined the Central Intelligence Agency. According to a de-classified memo, Devine left the CIA in 1953 to help his associate, George H. W. Bush to establish the oil company, Zapata Petroleum Corporation. In his book Family of Secrets: The Bush Dynasty (2009) Russ Baker argues: “For Devine, who would have been about twenty-seven years old at the time, to resign at such a young age, so soon after the CIA had spent a great deal of time and money training him, was, at minimum, highly unusual. It would turn out, however, that Devine had a special relationship allowing him to come and go from the agency, enabling him to do other things without really leaving its employ.” After the sale of the company, Devine became a member of the investment firm of Train, Cabot and Associates in New York. According to a CIA memo this was an “investment banking firm which houses and manages the (CIA) proprietary corporation WUSALINE.” John Train was one of the founding editors of the CIA-connected The Paris Review. Devine later rejoined the CIA under non-official cover (NOC) status on 12 June 1963, as a covert commercial asset for Project WUBRINY/LPDICTUM. Joan Mellen points out that: “This CIA document reveals that Thomas Devine had informed George Bush of a CIA project with the cryptonym WUBRINY/LPDICTUM. It involved CIA proprietary commercial operations in foreign countries.” Mellen goes onto argue that this links George H. W. Bush to George de Mohrenschildt and Lee Harvey Oswald. “WUBRINY involved Haitian operations, in which, the documents reveal, a participant was George de Mohrenschildt, the Dallas CIA handler of – Lee Oswald.” Russ Baker interviewed Devine in 2008 and he refused to say whether he was involved with WUBRINY. However, another CIA officer, Gale Allen, confirmed in another interview that Devine did take part in the project. Devine continued to work closely with George H. W. Bush. According to the CIA memo Devine “accompanied Bush on a trip to Vietnam from 26 December 1967-11 January 1968, for which he was issued an interim top-secret clearance by the US Department of Defense.” Russ Baker has suggested that there might be a link with the controversial Phoenix Program.

http://spartacus-educational.com/JFKdevineTJ.htm

http://www.maryferrell.org/showDoc.html?docId=12758#relPageId=2

(102) Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, p. 655, see also: In 1962, Bush was joined in Zapata Off-Shore by a fellow Yale Skull and Bones member, Robert Gow. By 1963, Zapata Off-Shore had four operational oil-drilling rigs—Scorpion (1956), Vinegaroon (1957), Sidewinder, and (in the Persian Gulf) Nola III.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zapata_Corporation

(103) William Cooper, Behold A Pale Horse, 1991, Light Technology, Sedona, Arizona, p. 214

(104) Sam and Chuck Giancana, Double Cross, 1992, Macdonald Books, London, p. 350

(105) Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography, Chapter 8b – The Bay of Pigs and The Kennedy Assassination, 2012

http://tarpley.net/online-books/george-bush-the-unauthorized-biography/chapter-9-the-bay-of-pigs-and-the-kennedy-assassination/

(106) Rodney Stich, Defrauding America, Second Edition, 1994, Diablo Western Press, Alamo, California, p. 339

(107) http://maps.thefullwiki.org/Zapata_Corporation

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HRG_Group

See also Defrauding America, 1994, pp. 337-341

(108) Rodney Stich, Defrauding America, Explosive 3rd edition, 1998, Diablo Western Press, Alamo, California, p. 375

http://www.voxfux.com/features/bush_world_class_criminal.html

David Malmo-Levine