Walking along Hastings Street in Vancouver, arm in arm with his wife Jodie, Marc Emery (51) looked like anything but one of the US’ most wanted drug dealers. But he is in fact number 46 on a list of 50 dangerous drugs criminals. His days as a free man are numbered: he is about to be extradited to the United States to be locked up.
The couple entered the building at No. 307, which they refer to as their “international headquarters”. The building was decorated in green and filled with an entourage of followers. The headquarters features a store, an editorial room, a recording studio, political offices and a smoking cafe. Everything related to marijuana is sold here – except marijuana, being illegal. If you want to smoke a joint in the cafe, you have to bring your own. Not that it is hard to come by in Vancouver, a city nicknamed ‘Vansterdam’.
Emery, a tireless proponent of the liberal cannabis culture on the Canadian west coast, took a seat in the office of his Cannabis Culture magazine. He said he wants to make the best of his last days of freedom, before he begin serving his five year jail sentence for trafficking marijuana. After an extensive legal battle, he has struck a plea bargain with US prosecutors: a guilty plea in exchange for a lighter sentence. He is free on bail until the Canadian justice minister signs his extradition papers in January.
It is a setback, Emery acknowledged. “But if I go to jail for five years, that doesn’t undermine the huge accomplishments we were able to make”, he added, pointing to the growth of millions of cannabis plants in Canada and the US from seeds he has sold. “It’s worth the sacrifice. I expect to continue to campaign to legalise marijuana, even from jail.”
Emery is going to prison for the sale of millions of cannabis seeds to American buyers. Between 1994 and 2005 he openly sold large quantities of seeds by mail order. He sold in packs of ten, for up to 100 US dollars, to customers all over North America and beyond. With the proceeds, he financed campaigns to legalise marijuana in various countries and US states. It earned him international fame, and the nickname ‘Prince of Pot’.
Multimillion dollar business
Trade in cannabis seeds is illegal in Canada and the US, but the law in Canada is rarely enforced. At most, it is punished with a fine. Vancouver police turned a blind eye as Emery’s operation grew into a multimillion dollar business. He paid taxes and courted publicity. By his own estimate, he has given away 4 million dollars in profits to political initiatives, including his own Marijuana Party.
“That was the only reason we were raising the money”, Emery said. “I didn’t keep any of it.” His aim was to “overgrow the government,” he explained. “We’re trying to thwart the American drug war by having people grow lots of marijuana, and support different activities to try to make marijuana legal, by peaceful democratic means.”
Emery was inspired to take this approach by the Dutch hemp pioneer Ben Dronkers. “In 1994, I went to the Cannabis Cup and I was on a panel with Ben Dronkers. He got up and said: ‘we sold millions of seeds that produced tens of millions of plants all over the world.’ I thought that was a brilliant plan. And even though seeds were legal in Holland, I thought it wouldn’t be difficult to sell them in Canada. Even if I got charged, I would probably only get a fine.”
Pressure from the Bush administration
The strategy worked. As ringleader of the cannabis industry in the Canadian province British Columbia (BC), Emery contributed to an explosive growth of weed cultivation on the west coast over the past 15 years. The sought-after marijuana from the area, known as ‘BC Bud’, is widely estimated to be the largest economic product of the region.
The rise of Vancouver as a weed Mecca was not appreciated by the anti-drug warriors of the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). To their dismay, Emery could spread his seeds and ideas from his base less than 40 kilometres from the US border with impunity. In the words of Seattle-based DEA agent Rodney Benson: “Indoor grow operations that are popping up all over the United States traced right back to Marc Emery.”
The DEA decided to intervene. Under pressure from the Bush administration, Emery was arrested in 2005 by Vancouver police on an extradition warrant. He was charged with marijuana trafficking and money laundering for his funding of political activities – acts that were tolerated in Canada, but that were punishable by 20 years to life in the US. The DEA hailed Emery’s arrest as “a blow to the marijuana legalisation movement”.
Progress for the cause in the US
Emery began a legal struggle against his extradition – an uphill battle, as Canada does not usually refuse US extradition requests. And the current Conservative government was not about to make an exception; it has a bill before parliament to impose tougher sentences on cannabis cultivation. Plans of the previous Liberal cabinet to decriminalise possession of small amounts of weed have been scrapped.
Emery rejects the U-turn in Canadian marijuana policy as the work of “our own Bush administration”. Ironically, he now sees greater progress for the cause in US states such as California, where ‘medical marijuana’ is widely available. “California will supersede the reputation of British Columbia”, he predicted. He chuckled. “I’ll likely end up in a federal penitentiary in California, a jurisdiction where anybody can buy seeds anytime.”
– Article from NRC Handelsblad.