Canada: Smell of Weed No Longer Grounds for Arrest, Search

This judicial ruling is a smart oneThis judicial ruling is a smart oneThe scent of marijuana wafting from an open car window doesn’t give an officer grounds to make an arrest and search a vehicle, according to a recent decision from the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal. But city police don’t believe the verdict will deter them from arresting dope-smoking drivers. The ruling is centered around the case of Archibald Janvier. He was driving alone in La Loche four years ago when pulled over by an RCMP officer. His truck had a broken headlight.
The officer said he approached the vehicle and could smell burnt marijuana from a metre away. Janvier, who now runs a business in Fort McMurray, Alta., was immediately arrested for possession of marijuana based only on the scent of the burnt joint. The officer then searched the vehicle and found eight grams of marijuana and what was thought to be a list of contacts – which resulted in the charge of possession for the purpose of trafficking.

“Until now police have used the smell of marijuana as reasonable grounds to arrest someone for possession of marijuana,” said Ronald Piche, Janvier’s lawyer. “It always struck me as a little thin frankly. It’s frankly a lazy officer’s way of giving out a warrant and getting to check a vehicle out and often times finding some evidence.” The case went to trial, and the judge found the arrest was a violation of Janvier’s charter right to be free from unreasonable search and seizure. The scent of marijuana indicated a suspicion that it was smoked but didn’t provide reasonable and probable grounds for an arrest or a search, the judge concluded and excluded the evidence. Janvier was declared not guilty.

“The smell alone can’t constitute the grounds because the smell of burnt marijuana – as opposed to raw marijuana – gives an inference that the material is gone, it’s dissipated into the atmosphere. So how can you say you’re in possession of something that doesn’t exist?” Piche said. “There may be suspicion that the person is in possession of marijuana but that’s not enough to base an arrest.” The Crown appealed the verdict and the trial judge’s decision was upheld. The outcome is encouraging because the province’s highest court has taken a liberal interpretation of this law, Piche said.

Douglas Curliss, The Crown’s lawyer, said the court’s decision was based on the fact that the officer didn’t have any additional evidence. “The court was of the view that all he had was the smell of burnt marijuana alone, (so) he couldn’t act.” The case will not go before the Supreme Court of Canada, Curliss said.

“I think it’s a surprising decision from the court and probably not in line with other jurisdictions in terms of the inferences that one could draw from the smell of marijuana,” said Dwight Newman, associate dean at the University of Saskatchewan’s college of law. “I think that most people would think that the smell of marijuana doesn’t indicate the absence of marijuana but the presence of it.”

The verdict won’t have a major impact on police practices, said Alyson Edwards, spokesperson for the Saskatoon Police Service, but it will require officers do a little more work. “They’re going to have to ask more questions and perhaps look for more evidence that would allow them to search a vehicle,” she said, adding if an officer suspects the driver to be impaired, a roadside sobriety test can be conducted.

“With a decision like this, the first thing the RCMP is going to have to do is review it – just to determine just what the impact of it will be on how the RCMP conducts its business,” said Staff Sgt. Rick Whattam, with RCMP media services. He would not comment directly on the decision.

– Article from the Star Phoenix newspaper



  1. Pingback:

  2. Pingback: Bandar Bola

  3. Pingback: payday loans

  4. Pingback: Togel Online

  5. Pingback: test bank wizard

  6. Pingback: دانلود فیلم نهنگ عنبر 2

  7. Pingback: Elvis Presley

  8. Pingback: car shipping companies

  9. Pingback: air jordans

  10. Pingback: vape mods for sale

  11. Pingback: vape pen battery

  12. Pingback: blackhead removal

  13. Pingback: personnel consultants

  14. Pingback: Easiest Way To Make Money - $326 a Day Online Without a Website

  15. Pingback: commercial air conditioner installation Montclair CA

  16. Pingback: gown

  17. Pingback: Judi Poker

  18. Pingback: Trump

  19. Pingback: Self Storage Units and Facilities in Garden City

  20. Pingback: watch movies online

  21. Pingback: Self Storage Units and Facilities in Mills Pond Park

  22. Pingback: home maker on the edge

  23. Pingback: hunter

  24. Pingback: Self Storage Units and Facilities in Ridgewood

  25. Pingback: what that

  26. Pingback: jacksonville seo services

  27. Pingback: carte grise en ligne

  28. Pingback: garden bridges San Francisco

  29. Pingback: پنجره

  30. Pingback: tablestacas

  31. Pingback: دانلود سریال

  32. Pingback: پنجره

  33. Pingback: download

  34. Pingback: Test bank online

  35. Pingback: window

  36. Pingback: kitchen tools for

  37. Pingback: real money online casino

  38. Pingback: karaj

  39. Pingback: uk top 40 songs

  40. Pingback: vegas online casinos

  41. Pingback: click

  42. Pingback: صيانة

  43. Pingback: compre aqui

  44. Pingback: gay porn

  45. Pingback: Cryptocurrency

  46. Pingback: usi-tech

  47. Pingback: trucos

  48. Pingback: Learn colors

  49. Pingback: video vlog

  50. Pingback: graphic designer products

  51. Pingback: Daily vlog

  52. Pingback: garden bridges

  53. Pingback: Web Design

  54. Pingback: EVA TV

  55. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  56. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  57. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  58. Pingback: karaj

  59. Pingback: aliexpress dropshipping websites

  60. Pingback: google hd porn

  61. Pingback: Nursery Rhymes

  62. Pingback: Nursery Rhymes

  63. Pingback: my link

  64. Pingback: Web Design Company Yakima

  65. Pingback: online car insurance quotes without personal information

  66. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  67. Pingback: دانلود

  68. Pingback: Ultrasonic Wind Sensor

  69. Pingback: download best

  70. Pingback: ed sheeran songs list

  71. Pingback: buy proxies

  72. Pingback: pusat klinik aborsi

  73. Pingback: army boots for deployments

  74. Pingback: 2 Week Diet System

  75. Pingback: clean showerhead

  76. Pingback:

  77. Pingback: 2 Week Diet System

  78. Pingback:

  79. Pingback: best eyebrow embroidery singapore review

  80. Pingback: game gaple

  81. Pingback: Despacito Facts

  82. Pingback:

  83. Pingback: find

  84. Pingback: situs dewajudi

  85. Pingback: motorhomes for hire

  86. Pingback: SEO Sheffield

  87. Pingback: IELTS preparation in Karachi

  88. Pingback: مشاوره بازاریابی آنلاین

  89. Pingback: google ch porn

  90. Pingback: IELTS institute in Karachi

  91. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  92. Pingback: crystal

  93. Pingback:

  94. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  95. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  96. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  97. Pingback: gernas mall

  98. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  99. Pingback: Breezie Skincare

  100. Pingback: دانلود

  101. Pingback: پنجره

  102. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  103. Pingback: Natural sources of vitamin B17

  104. Pingback: авто-ключар

  105. Pingback: kids songs

  106. Pingback: how to buy bitcoin

  107. Pingback: SEO UK

  108. Pingback: Bacillus Anthracis Treatment

  109. Pingback: evil dog

  110. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  111. Pingback: buy home

  112. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  113. Pingback: sell home

  114. Pingback: fast loans uk

  115. Pingback: discount codes

  116. Pingback: s�informer sur ce lien

  117. Pingback: Vancouver BC Airport Shuttle

  118. Pingback: cars

  119. Pingback: financial news

  120. Pingback: ping g30 hybrid

  121. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره ویستایست

  122. Pingback: دانلود

  123. Pingback: plumbers

  124. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  125. Pingback: Peppa Pig

  126. Pingback: دانلود

  127. Pingback: فروش توری

  128. Pingback: Marquees London

  129. Pingback: game

  130. Pingback: timing belt

  131. Pingback: political polls twitter

  132. Pingback: دانلودسریال عالیجناب قسمت دوم

  133. Pingback: دانلود فیلم ایرانی

  134. Pingback: دانلود عالیجناب قسمت اول

  135. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 16

  136. Pingback: Roofing Contractors Long Island

  137. Pingback: Get the facts

  138. Pingback: rhymes for kids

  139. Pingback: water heater repair

  140. Pingback: Micah

  141. Pingback: kids cars

  142. Pingback: pig

  143. Pingback:

  144. Pingback: vpn

  145. Pingback:

  146. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد 13

  147. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 15

  148. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت سیزده 13

  149. Pingback: vpm

  150. Pingback: anime

  151. Pingback: g30 australia

  152. Pingback: download

  153. Pingback: par ici

  154. Pingback: rookie baseball card collection

  155. Pingback: clique aqui

  156. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هشتم شهرزاد دوم

  157. Pingback: coin-banks bitcoin

  158. Pingback: Porn

  159. Pingback: Mlynek do kawy bosch

  160. Pingback: DraftKings DFS

  161. Pingback: bitcoin hft

  162. Pingback: bitcoin investment coin-banks

  163. Pingback: coin-banks

  164. Pingback: coin-banks

  165. Pingback: پنجره

  166. Pingback: brief boxer gay

  167. Pingback: پنجره

  168. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفتم شهرزاد

  169. Pingback: jake burgess berlin ct

  170. Pingback: working clash royale hack

  171. Pingback: see website

  172. Pingback: Nintendo 64 games

  173. Pingback: Roof Repair Long Island

  174. Pingback: 18+

  175. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد دوم

  176. Pingback: online casino florida

  177. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  178. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  179. Pingback: groin support wrap

  180. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Wilton Manors

  181. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments Pembroke Pines

  182. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Sea Ranch Lakes

  183. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Pompano Beach

  184. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments West Park

  185. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Hollywood

  186. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت ایرانی

  187. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دوجداره

  188. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دو سه جداره

  189. Pingback: شرکت تولیدی پنجره

  190. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفدهم عاشقانه

  191. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره ویستابست

  192. Pingback: videos porno

  193. Pingback: porno

  194. Pingback: porno

  195. Pingback: porno gratis

  196. Pingback: porno

  197. Pingback: porno

  198. Pingback: videos porno

  199. Pingback: porno

  200. Pingback: porno gratis

  201. Pingback: taylormade m1 australia

  202. Pingback: Roughton

  203. Pingback: Admission via Good Donation in any medical college

  204. Pingback: videos porno

  205. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سیزده عاشقانه

  206. Pingback: دانلود قسمت اول شهرزاد دوم

  207. Pingback: under armour store australia

  208. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد دوم

  209. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 11 شهرزاد 2

  210. Pingback: دانلود ققسمت 12 عاشقانه

  211. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سوم شهرزاد دوم

  212. Pingback: Loyola College for Sale

  213. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 12 عاشقانه

  214. Pingback: online series

  215. Pingback: Free Stuff Worldwide

  216. Pingback: Paleo Diet

  217. Pingback: dolandirici sosyalmarketim

  218. Pingback: Jessie Volt

  219. Pingback: Allie Haze

  220. Pingback: Rayna Rose

  221. Pingback: Cherry Hilson

  222. Pingback: Lucia Fernandez

  223. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 10 شهرزاد دوم

  224. Pingback: دانلود قسمت ششم فصل دوم شهرزاد

  225. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 14عاشقانه

  226. Pingback: huge cocks

  227. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  228. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت هفتم فصل دوم

  229. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت هشتم فصل دوم

  230. Pingback: symptoms of alcoholism

  231. Pingback: دانلود رایگان قسمت 8 هشتم سریال شهرزاد فصل دوم 2

  232. Pingback: xmt85c4wx5ctwxw3tcerthve56