Canada: Smell of Weed No Longer Grounds for Arrest, Search

This judicial ruling is a smart oneThis judicial ruling is a smart oneThe scent of marijuana wafting from an open car window doesn’t give an officer grounds to make an arrest and search a vehicle, according to a recent decision from the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal. But city police don’t believe the verdict will deter them from arresting dope-smoking drivers. The ruling is centered around the case of Archibald Janvier. He was driving alone in La Loche four years ago when pulled over by an RCMP officer. His truck had a broken headlight.
The officer said he approached the vehicle and could smell burnt marijuana from a metre away. Janvier, who now runs a business in Fort McMurray, Alta., was immediately arrested for possession of marijuana based only on the scent of the burnt joint. The officer then searched the vehicle and found eight grams of marijuana and what was thought to be a list of contacts – which resulted in the charge of possession for the purpose of trafficking.

“Until now police have used the smell of marijuana as reasonable grounds to arrest someone for possession of marijuana,” said Ronald Piche, Janvier’s lawyer. “It always struck me as a little thin frankly. It’s frankly a lazy officer’s way of giving out a warrant and getting to check a vehicle out and often times finding some evidence.” The case went to trial, and the judge found the arrest was a violation of Janvier’s charter right to be free from unreasonable search and seizure. The scent of marijuana indicated a suspicion that it was smoked but didn’t provide reasonable and probable grounds for an arrest or a search, the judge concluded and excluded the evidence. Janvier was declared not guilty.

“The smell alone can’t constitute the grounds because the smell of burnt marijuana – as opposed to raw marijuana – gives an inference that the material is gone, it’s dissipated into the atmosphere. So how can you say you’re in possession of something that doesn’t exist?” Piche said. “There may be suspicion that the person is in possession of marijuana but that’s not enough to base an arrest.” The Crown appealed the verdict and the trial judge’s decision was upheld. The outcome is encouraging because the province’s highest court has taken a liberal interpretation of this law, Piche said.

Douglas Curliss, The Crown’s lawyer, said the court’s decision was based on the fact that the officer didn’t have any additional evidence. “The court was of the view that all he had was the smell of burnt marijuana alone, (so) he couldn’t act.” The case will not go before the Supreme Court of Canada, Curliss said.

“I think it’s a surprising decision from the court and probably not in line with other jurisdictions in terms of the inferences that one could draw from the smell of marijuana,” said Dwight Newman, associate dean at the University of Saskatchewan’s college of law. “I think that most people would think that the smell of marijuana doesn’t indicate the absence of marijuana but the presence of it.”

The verdict won’t have a major impact on police practices, said Alyson Edwards, spokesperson for the Saskatoon Police Service, but it will require officers do a little more work. “They’re going to have to ask more questions and perhaps look for more evidence that would allow them to search a vehicle,” she said, adding if an officer suspects the driver to be impaired, a roadside sobriety test can be conducted.

“With a decision like this, the first thing the RCMP is going to have to do is review it – just to determine just what the impact of it will be on how the RCMP conducts its business,” said Staff Sgt. Rick Whattam, with RCMP media services. He would not comment directly on the decision.

– Article from the Star Phoenix newspaper



  1. Pingback: financial news

  2. Pingback: ping g30 hybrid

  3. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره ویستایست

  4. Pingback: دانلود

  5. Pingback: plumbers

  6. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  7. Pingback: Peppa Pig

  8. Pingback: دانلود

  9. Pingback: فروش توری

  10. Pingback: Marquees London

  11. Pingback: game

  12. Pingback: timing belt

  13. Pingback: political polls twitter

  14. Pingback: دانلودسریال عالیجناب قسمت دوم

  15. Pingback: دانلود فیلم ایرانی

  16. Pingback: دانلود عالیجناب قسمت اول

  17. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 16

  18. Pingback: Roofing Contractors Long Island

  19. Pingback: Get the facts

  20. Pingback: rhymes for kids

  21. Pingback: water heater repair

  22. Pingback: Micah

  23. Pingback: kids cars

  24. Pingback: pig

  25. Pingback:

  26. Pingback: vpn

  27. Pingback:

  28. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد 13

  29. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 15

  30. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت سیزده 13

  31. Pingback: vpm

  32. Pingback: anime

  33. Pingback: g30 australia

  34. Pingback: download

  35. Pingback: par ici

  36. Pingback: rookie baseball card collection

  37. Pingback: clique aqui

  38. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هشتم شهرزاد دوم

  39. Pingback: coin-banks bitcoin

  40. Pingback: Porn

  41. Pingback: Mlynek do kawy bosch

  42. Pingback: DraftKings DFS

  43. Pingback: bitcoin hft

  44. Pingback: bitcoin investment coin-banks

  45. Pingback: coin-banks

  46. Pingback: coin-banks

  47. Pingback: پنجره

  48. Pingback: brief boxer gay

  49. Pingback: پنجره

  50. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفتم شهرزاد

  51. Pingback: jake burgess berlin ct

  52. Pingback: working clash royale hack

  53. Pingback: see website

  54. Pingback: Nintendo 64 games

  55. Pingback: Roof Repair Long Island

  56. Pingback: 18+

  57. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد دوم

  58. Pingback: online casino florida

  59. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  60. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  61. Pingback: groin support wrap

  62. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Wilton Manors

  63. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments Pembroke Pines

  64. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Sea Ranch Lakes

  65. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Pompano Beach

  66. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments West Park

  67. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Hollywood

  68. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت ایرانی

  69. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دوجداره

  70. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دو سه جداره

  71. Pingback: شرکت تولیدی پنجره

  72. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفدهم عاشقانه

  73. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره ویستابست

  74. Pingback: videos porno

  75. Pingback: porno

  76. Pingback: porno

  77. Pingback: porno gratis

  78. Pingback: porno

  79. Pingback: porno

  80. Pingback: videos porno

  81. Pingback: porno

  82. Pingback: porno gratis

  83. Pingback: taylormade m1 australia

  84. Pingback: Roughton

  85. Pingback: Admission via Good Donation in any medical college

  86. Pingback: videos porno

  87. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سیزده عاشقانه

  88. Pingback: دانلود قسمت اول شهرزاد دوم

  89. Pingback: under armour store australia

  90. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد دوم

  91. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 11 شهرزاد 2

  92. Pingback: دانلود ققسمت 12 عاشقانه

  93. Pingback: دانلود قسمت سوم شهرزاد دوم

  94. Pingback: Loyola College for Sale

  95. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 12 عاشقانه

  96. Pingback: online series

  97. Pingback: Free Stuff Worldwide

  98. Pingback: Paleo Diet

  99. Pingback: dolandirici sosyalmarketim

  100. Pingback: Jessie Volt

  101. Pingback: Allie Haze

  102. Pingback: Rayna Rose

  103. Pingback: Cherry Hilson

  104. Pingback: Lucia Fernandez

  105. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 10 شهرزاد دوم

  106. Pingback: دانلود قسمت ششم فصل دوم شهرزاد

  107. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 14عاشقانه

  108. Pingback: huge cocks

  109. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  110. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت هفتم فصل دوم

  111. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت هشتم فصل دوم

  112. Pingback: symptoms of alcoholism

  113. Pingback: دانلود رایگان قسمت 8 هشتم سریال شهرزاد فصل دوم 2

  114. Pingback: xmt85c4wx5ctwxw3tcerthve56