Hemp is feral in Hungary. It has escaped from the cultivated fields and has become a common weed throughout the country. The seed of the feral plants that have been evolving for a number of generations is much smaller than the cultivated seed and is pointed and oval, sort of like a caraway seed without the curve. The reason is that the plant puts energy into creating more smaller seeds rather than only a few plump ones. These plants have adapted over generations in many other ways, too. They mature before the killing frost and the seeds can withstand the winter chill and germinate in the cool spring.
The varieties that you are planning to grow may not be adapted to Hungary’s springs and may grow slowly until the temperature rises. Another problem with planting early in the ground is that there is a low rate of germination because of environmental stresses and microbial attacks.
You could wait until the temperature reaches 68?F (20?C) before planting. The seeds should be planted about a half-inch deep and the ground should be kept moist because dry soil can kill the sprout. Most gardeners find it easier to start seeds in planting containers and transplant them once they have developed a bit.
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