Spain: activists growing their own

Industrial hemp field in North-Eastern SpainIndustrial hemp field in North-Eastern SpainSpanish law puts individual privacy rights over drug control concerns, which means that people can grow and smoke whatever they want in the privacy of their own homes, and other privately-owned spaces.
Spanish pro-cannabis activists have been taking advantage of this policy to promote a “grow-your-own-stone” campaign.

Although this right has recently been dealt a blow by the Spanish Supreme Court, most activists believe that the seeds of change have already been sown, and are preparing more of the same for next season.

Planting against prohibition

Outlawed or not, cannabis is flourishing under the generous Spanish sun, as the number of Spanish individuals practicing its cultivation grows steadily towards critical mass.

“We’re teaching people to break their dependency on the black market while experiencing the joys of self-sufficiency. All smokers should be doing it? and with our help many of them are!” So excalims Felipe Borrallo, president of Spain’s largest pro-cannabis association, the Barcelona-based Ram?n Santos Association for Cannabis Studies (ARSEC in its Spanish acronym).

Borrallo is one of the chief strategic planners of the ongoing “Ante la prohibici?n, me planto” campaign, a play on words meaning both to plant and to take a stand against cannabis prohibition. ARSEC is the largest of fifteen similar associations across Spain.

Privacy over prohibition

Since Spanish drug laws cannot reach into homes and other privately-owned spaces, the reach of the state’s drug policy is limted to public space, where possession of under fifty grams of cannabis or its derivatives is subject to an administrative fine (from $500 to $50,000). Amounts under fifty grams are considered to be for “personal use” and there are no criminal penalties.

L to R: Juame Prats, Gaspar Fraga, Felipe Borrall at a press conferenceL to R: Juame Prats, Gaspar Fraga, Felipe Borrall at a press conferenceLarger quantities however, and stashes that are divvied up into separate pieces or bags (indicating intent to sell), are considered to constitute an “attempt against public health” and can carry prison terms along with the corresponding fine.

The inherent contradiction of laws that tolerate possession but forbid selling are what led to the formulation of the current “Me Planto” campaign.

“The beauty of growing one’s own stash at home is that it completely eliminates the need to incur the infraction of buying and carrying it out in the street, where they can bust you. By virtue of this, there is no law being broken, since what one does at home is not the state’s concern,” explains Borrallo.

Filling a legal void

In 1993, ARSEC wrote to the Barcelona Drug Prosecutor and asked what would happen if a group of people got together and cultivated a field of marijuana, providing that each person planted and harvested their own plants for their own use.

The answer they received was ambiguous: cultivating strictly for personal consumption was not penalized, but group cultivation for group consumption would be trickier to categorize.

The reform group, sensing a legal void, decided to press the issue, and got ninety-seven members together to plant some 200 cannabis plants in a field rented for this purpose. The twist was that, after having every participant sign responsibility for his or her plants in the presence of a notary public, the DA’s office was formally notified by the association of the plantation’s existence and location.

Their ultimate goal was to clear the way for the creation of non-profit cannabis cooperatives, where the plant in question could be grown and consumed by members.

Raid, destruction, denunciation

Spains first legal plantation in the Basque country with Kalamudia activistSpains first legal plantation in the Basque country with Kalamudia activistThe experiment lasted two months before it was raided, destroyed and denounced by the police. Only the four top ARSEC administrators were arraigned, as opposed to the other ninety-three that had also signed the document of shared responsibility. The charge was the usual “transgression against public health,” that is, cultivation of a controlled substance with intent to sell.

The defendants themselves were relatively calm. They had already stated to the press that if they were found guilty as charged, they would appeal and take the case to the Supreme Court for a final decision. After all, the whole point of the exercise was to set a judicial precedent that would take the ambiguity out of the present penal code. They were not criminals; they were simply trying to make a point.

Acquittal and celebration

The trial took place in 1996. After hearing both side’s arguments, the court decided to acquit the defendants, on the basis that the intent of the plantation was not commercial and therefore did not represent an attempt against the public health as charged.

There was a large celebration at the group’s headquarters that night. A point had been made, a moral victory won, and more importantly, the judicial system seemed to have understood the reasoning behind their actions.

The coordinating organ of the pro-cannabis groups launched the “Contra la Prohibici?n, Me Planto” campaign with renewed confidence, just in time for the 1996 growing season.

A taste of freedom

While the DA’s office was unsatisfied with the verdict and filed an appeal with the Supreme Court, the Catalan activists passed the baton of the open co-plantation efforts to the Basques, who were coalescing around charismatic young activist Mart?n Barriuso, president of the Bilbao-based Kalamudia Association.

Barriuso’s public-relations and rhetoric skills led Kalamudia to the successful harvest of Spain’s first “legal” marijuana plantation, since the judge that instructed their case saw “no intent to damage public health, and therefore no transgression of the law,” and did not allow the police to destroy the plants.

“The buds themselves were stringy and seedy,” recalls Barriuso, “but we smoked them anyway, and they were the best we’d ever had, because they tasted of freedom.”

One free season

Judges at the First Madrid Cannabis CupJudges at the First Madrid Cannabis CupThere was only one more obstacle to pass before the plan could legally be put into action. The Supreme Court was due to rule on the acquittal of the ARSEC administrators, and its decision would set jurisprudence that could either bolster ? or undermine ? favorable precedents set at the local level.

Cautious optimism was the tonic throughout the movement as the months rolled by, and the defendants themselves persisted in their belief that “justice would prevail”. Meanwhile, a generously warm spring foreshadowed the bumper crop that came early in September ’97, and Spanish heads had a good couple of months awash in abundance before the grapevine started buzzing in November: the Supreme Court had finally ruled, and it was not good.

A Supreme conviction

In an uncommonly brief document, the Court overturned the original acquittal. According to them, cannabis cultivation represents an “abstract danger” which can cause “dangerous conduct according to general experience.” Because the danger is abstract, so is the crime: the ruling states that no damage has to be proven to punish cultivation in any of its stages. In their own words “anyone who knows they are growing Indian hemp knows enough to be breaking the law.”

To finish, the judges included a curt comment to Spanish activists everywhere, reiterating the illegality of cannabis cultivation “despite those who may have believed that this activity was not defined as illegal.”

Jurisprudence without facts

The movement rejected the sentence, especially the Court’s facile use of uncorroborated drug war dogma to shoot them down without addressing the real issues on the table. There was no mention of medical marijuana, civil rights, harm reduction, drug mafias? in short, the context in which the plantation was carried out was completely ignored.

One of the four now-convicted ARSEC administrators, Jaume Prats, explained that he felt both helpless and very, very angry with the ruling. “What general experience has proven cannabis to be damaging?” he demanded. “That is a lie, an old lie that even the United States has had to rectify after California’s Proposition 215. It is simply inconceivable that jurisprudence can be set on the basis of unproven facts. If cannabis is really damaging, to me or the public health, then let them prove it; I’ll be the first one to quit smoking!”

Knowledge is freedom

But beyond the politics, the rulings and the public co-plantation efforts, the truth remains that the bulk of marijuana cultivation in Spain continues, and grows, out of sight. To the average closet cultivator, used to a fair degree of discretion in the practice of his hobby, the Supreme Court’s ruling might be a good reason to stay hidden, but not to stop growing.

In a country where cannabis use is truly ancestral, having arrived in the cultural baggage of the Moorish conquerors in the 7th century AD, a growing number of consumers are finding new and creative ways to use their balconies, rooftops, spare rooms or spare fields in order to provide for their own needs. This “back to basics” approach is fueled in good measure by an increase in the amount of non-state-controlled information about the cannabis plant now available to the average Spanish consumer.

Ca?amo Magazine

Canamo MagazineCanamo MagazineIn particular, the appearance of Ca?amo (Spanish for cannabis), the first cannabis magazine in Spain, has done much to inform an enthusiastic but misinformed smoking public about the plant that many were already enjoying as hash without even knowing it.

Ca?amo director Gaspar Fraga emphasizes the obvious need for such information: “We always thought that a cannabis magazine would probably be a big success here, even though nobody was doing it. But the public’s response has surprised even us, which only goes to prove that what we’re doing here is a much-needed service.”

Knocking on every door

Asked for a vision of what 1998 might bring to the Spanish cannabis culture, Fraga answered with a shrug. “We really don’t know. The whole issue has already picked up enough momentum to be politically unpredictable, and where one door closes another will open. Our goal here at Ca?amo is to assist the movement in knocking on every door and pushing at every front with a constant supply of information. Barring any direct attempt at censorship, I can predict that the new year will bring plenty more of that, and, with any luck, another good harvest too.”Canamo Magazine

Contacts

ARSEC: Pla?a Sant Josep Oriol, 4, 08002 Barcelona; tel (93) 301-7937; email: [email protected]; ARSEC website: www.pangea.org/arsec/

Ca?amo Magazine: c/o Diputaci?n, 119-121, bajos 1a, 08015 Barcelona; email: [email protected]; Ca?amo website: www.readysoft.es/ciberganja/

Comments

263 Comments

  1. Pingback: Stretchy car seat cover

  2. Pingback: رگ خواب

  3. Pingback: baby shower gift ideas

  4. Pingback: eyevage review

  5. Pingback: www.envisionsolutionsnow

  6. Pingback: marks and spencer coupon

  7. Pingback: cooking funnel

  8. Pingback: consumerhealthdigest.com/prostate/prostara.html

  9. Pingback: menoquil

  10. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  11. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  12. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  13. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  14. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  15. Pingback: ΦΙΛΟΞΕΝΙΑ ΙΣΤΟΣΕΛΙΔΩΝ ΤΙΜΕΣ

  16. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  17. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  18. Pingback: serving utensils

  19. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  20. Pingback: USAA Bank

  21. Pingback: ΚΟΥΠΟΝΙ ΣΤΟΙΧΗΜΑΤΟΣ

  22. Pingback: link

  23. Pingback: pirater un compte facebook

  24. Pingback: Google new cheat hacklinks

  25. Pingback: لینکدونی

  26. Pingback: Judi Online

  27. Pingback: Judi Bola Deposit Murah

  28. Pingback: دانلود فیلم نهنگ عنبر

  29. Pingback: gooooood

  30. Pingback: free pay online

  31. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  32. Pingback: read this

  33. Pingback: porn movie

  34. Pingback: game hack

  35. Pingback: videos porno

  36. Pingback: Deal Feed

  37. Pingback: Bandar Judi Bola Mancanegara

  38. Pingback: Schluesseldienst Koeln

  39. Pingback: missguided coupon code

  40. Pingback: child abuse awareness month

  41. Pingback: Get More Info

  42. Pingback: free mobile porn

  43. Pingback: Stroller cover

  44. Pingback: real caller android

  45. Pingback: billboard

  46. Pingback: نهنگ عنبر

  47. Pingback: دانلود فیلم رایگان

  48. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد فصل دوم

  49. Pingback: دانلود سریال شهرزاد

  50. Pingback: آینه بغل

  51. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  52. Pingback: پنجره

  53. Pingback: hipstamp

  54. Pingback: love compatibility percentage

  55. Pingback: usa sport socks

  56. Pingback: https://www.behance.net/infob0324f42/following

  57. Pingback: Judi Online

  58. Pingback: Yarra Valley

  59. Pingback: payday loans

  60. Pingback: Learn Colors With Soccer Balls for Children - Learn Colors With Balls Surprise Eggs For Toddlers

  61. Pingback: Judi Bola

  62. Pingback: Elvis Live Entertainment

  63. Pingback: car shipping companies

  64. Pingback: authentic cheap jordans

  65. Pingback: best 3 in 1 vape pen

  66. Pingback: watch porn google

  67. Pingback: big vape mods

  68. Pingback: blackhead remover tool

  69. Pingback: recruitment

  70. Pingback: Breast Augmentation Houston

  71. Pingback: College Girl Does BDSM

  72. Pingback: commercial air conditioner service Fontana

  73. Pingback: watch movies online

  74. Pingback: commercial real estate wordpress themes

  75. Pingback: More here

  76. Pingback: پنجره

  77. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  78. Pingback: garden bridges california

  79. Pingback: garden bridge

  80. Pingback: دانلود

  81. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  82. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  83. Pingback: upvc window

  84. Pingback: download

  85. Pingback: Cash Offer

  86. Pingback: download movie

  87. Pingback: karaj

  88. Pingback: دانلود

  89. Pingback: kitchen bowls

  90. Pingback: bowl chip

  91. Pingback: 12 month loans bad credit

  92. Pingback: sik kafa

  93. Pingback: real money casino games

  94. Pingback: صيانه

  95. Pingback: click

  96. Pingback: programa de restauração auditiva comprar

  97. Pingback: nikon dealer

  98. Pingback: gay porn

  99. Pingback: Masha & The Bear

  100. Pingback: video blog

  101. Pingback: Casino Malaysia

  102. Pingback: usi tech info

  103. Pingback: garden

  104. Pingback: Web Design

  105. Pingback: top 40 music chart

  106. Pingback: http://atlasassistans.net/story/534470/

  107. Pingback: site

  108. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  109. Pingback: قیمت پنجره دوجداره

  110. Pingback: drop shipping business for sale

  111. Pingback: EVA TV

  112. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  113. Pingback: Learn Colors

  114. Pingback: Yakima Web Designer

  115. Pingback: instagramda sex izle

  116. Pingback: important source

  117. Pingback: دانلود

  118. Pingback: دانلود

  119. Pingback: window price

  120. Pingback: window

  121. Pingback: دانلود فیلم اکسیدان

  122. Pingback: ed sheeran house

  123. Pingback: buy proxy

  124. Pingback: fixed shower head

  125. Pingback: https://github.com/forbiddenplayxxx

  126. Pingback: seomarketing.LinkenOnline.nl

  127. Pingback: Surrey Limo

  128. Pingback: look at here

  129. Pingback: garden bridges san francisco

  130. Pingback: Mitch McConnell

  131. Pingback: SEO Leeds

  132. Pingback: viagra

  133. Pingback: sikik

  134. Pingback: فروش توری پنجره دوجداره

  135. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  136. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  137. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  138. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  139. Pingback: پنجره

  140. Pingback: پنجره

  141. Pingback: پنجره

  142. Pingback: upvc

  143. Pingback: how to buy bitcoins

  144. Pingback: دانلود فیلم سریال

  145. Pingback: aws online course

  146. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  147. Pingback: sell home

  148. Pingback: guaranteed approval loans

  149. Pingback: sur le m�me sujet

  150. Pingback: discount codes

  151. Pingback: Limo Service Vancouver BC & Party Limos Bus Vancouver BC

  152. Pingback: Carpet Cleaning harker heights TX

  153. Pingback: easy business ideas

  154. Pingback: titleist 917

  155. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  156. Pingback: دانلود

  157. Pingback: شرکت تولیدی پنجره دوجداره ایرانی

  158. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره وین تک

  159. Pingback: آموزش پنجره دوجداره

  160. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت ترک

  161. Pingback: saiba como consultar cpf

  162. Pingback: Cheap marquee hire London

  163. Pingback: political polls

  164. Pingback: دانلود فیلم ایرانی

  165. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  166. Pingback: دانلود عالیجناب دوم

  167. Pingback: 火锅

  168. Pingback: دانلود سریال عالیجناب قسمت اول 1

  169. Pingback: Alise

  170. Pingback: free

  171. Pingback: http://www.dogmavirtual.com/html/userinfo.php?uid=3189848

  172. Pingback: zobacz

  173. Pingback: Social Media Marketing

  174. Pingback: Accounting firms in chicago

  175. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد سیزده 13

  176. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  177. Pingback: cheats clash royale

  178. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 15 پانزده

  179. Pingback: anime

  180. Pingback: vpm

  181. Pingback: my baseball card

  182. Pingback: l�

  183. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هشتم شهرزاد

  184. Pingback: nicocontrol comprar

  185. Pingback: Porn World

  186. Pingback: bitcoin hft

  187. Pingback: magazin pescuit

  188. Pingback: coin-banks trading

  189. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  190. Pingback: jake burgess east berlin ct

  191. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفتم شهرزاد

  192. Pingback: cr gems hack

  193. Pingback: authentic cheap jordans

  194. Pingback: clic here

  195. Pingback: zynga poker chips for sale

  196. Pingback: Roof Repair Long Island

  197. Pingback: accommodation search engine

  198. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد

  199. Pingback: دانلود قسمت ششم شهرزاد دوم

  200. Pingback: فروش توری

  201. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  202. Pingback: hip support

  203. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Coconut Creek

  204. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Pembroke Park

  205. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments Dania Beach

  206. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دو سه جداره

  207. Pingback: Buy CBD Pills

  208. Pingback: porno

  209. Pingback: porno gratis

  210. Pingback: porno

  211. Pingback: porno gratis

  212. Pingback: porno gratis

  213. Pingback: porno gratis

  214. Pingback: porno

  215. Pingback: porno gratis

  216. Pingback: videos porno

  217. Pingback: porno gratis

  218. Pingback: porno gratis

  219. Pingback: videos porno

  220. Pingback: bypass windows 7 administrator password

  221. Pingback: stephen curry shoes australia

  222. Pingback: دانلود قسمت دوازدهم عاشقانه

  223. Pingback: Hunde skove i DK

  224. Pingback: Loyola College for Sale

  225. Pingback: دانلود قسمت اول شهرزاد دوم

  226. Pingback: عاشقانه

  227. Pingback: casino bonuses

  228. Pingback: movie

  229. Pingback: Paleo Diet

  230. Pingback: Ana Foxxx

  231. Pingback: lesbian porn

  232. Pingback: sosyalmarketim kullanmayin

  233. Pingback: Jasmine Summers

  234. Pingback: Isis Love

  235. Pingback: Karter Foxx

  236. Pingback: Cherry Hilson

  237. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 12 عاشقانه

  238. Pingback: dildos

  239. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  240. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت دوازدهم فصل دوم

  241. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هشتم شهرزاد دوم

  242. Pingback: alcoholism quotes

  243. Pingback: دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2aaadffdsvc

  244. Pingback: http://falschgeldkaufen.blogspot.com/2017/01/wo-kann-ich-falschgeld-kaufen.html

  245. Pingback: 4cyn5et4m5t94c5t9m4vn54cx65

  246. Pingback: 他媽的

  247. Pingback: dolandırıcı pic

  248. Pingback: siktir git

  249. Pingback: siktir

  250. Pingback: siktir git

  251. Pingback: film izle

  252. Pingback: 他妈的谷歌

  253. Pingback: pornoooo

  254. Pingback: porno izleeeee

  255. Pingback: kadıköy escort

  256. Pingback: 他妈的谷歌

  257. Pingback: cocuk sex escort

  258. Pingback: comparateur hotel

  259. Pingback: orospunun cikarttigi sahin can coskun

  260. Pingback: buy backlinks

  261. Pingback: movie2k

  262. Pingback: orospu cocuguyum

  263. Pingback: seks izle