Spain: activists growing their own

Industrial hemp field in North-Eastern SpainIndustrial hemp field in North-Eastern SpainSpanish law puts individual privacy rights over drug control concerns, which means that people can grow and smoke whatever they want in the privacy of their own homes, and other privately-owned spaces.
Spanish pro-cannabis activists have been taking advantage of this policy to promote a “grow-your-own-stone” campaign.

Although this right has recently been dealt a blow by the Spanish Supreme Court, most activists believe that the seeds of change have already been sown, and are preparing more of the same for next season.

Planting against prohibition

Outlawed or not, cannabis is flourishing under the generous Spanish sun, as the number of Spanish individuals practicing its cultivation grows steadily towards critical mass.

“We’re teaching people to break their dependency on the black market while experiencing the joys of self-sufficiency. All smokers should be doing it? and with our help many of them are!” So excalims Felipe Borrallo, president of Spain’s largest pro-cannabis association, the Barcelona-based Ram?n Santos Association for Cannabis Studies (ARSEC in its Spanish acronym).

Borrallo is one of the chief strategic planners of the ongoing “Ante la prohibici?n, me planto” campaign, a play on words meaning both to plant and to take a stand against cannabis prohibition. ARSEC is the largest of fifteen similar associations across Spain.

Privacy over prohibition

Since Spanish drug laws cannot reach into homes and other privately-owned spaces, the reach of the state’s drug policy is limted to public space, where possession of under fifty grams of cannabis or its derivatives is subject to an administrative fine (from $500 to $50,000). Amounts under fifty grams are considered to be for “personal use” and there are no criminal penalties.

L to R: Juame Prats, Gaspar Fraga, Felipe Borrall at a press conferenceL to R: Juame Prats, Gaspar Fraga, Felipe Borrall at a press conferenceLarger quantities however, and stashes that are divvied up into separate pieces or bags (indicating intent to sell), are considered to constitute an “attempt against public health” and can carry prison terms along with the corresponding fine.

The inherent contradiction of laws that tolerate possession but forbid selling are what led to the formulation of the current “Me Planto” campaign.

“The beauty of growing one’s own stash at home is that it completely eliminates the need to incur the infraction of buying and carrying it out in the street, where they can bust you. By virtue of this, there is no law being broken, since what one does at home is not the state’s concern,” explains Borrallo.

Filling a legal void

In 1993, ARSEC wrote to the Barcelona Drug Prosecutor and asked what would happen if a group of people got together and cultivated a field of marijuana, providing that each person planted and harvested their own plants for their own use.

The answer they received was ambiguous: cultivating strictly for personal consumption was not penalized, but group cultivation for group consumption would be trickier to categorize.

The reform group, sensing a legal void, decided to press the issue, and got ninety-seven members together to plant some 200 cannabis plants in a field rented for this purpose. The twist was that, after having every participant sign responsibility for his or her plants in the presence of a notary public, the DA’s office was formally notified by the association of the plantation’s existence and location.

Their ultimate goal was to clear the way for the creation of non-profit cannabis cooperatives, where the plant in question could be grown and consumed by members.

Raid, destruction, denunciation

Spains first legal plantation in the Basque country with Kalamudia activistSpains first legal plantation in the Basque country with Kalamudia activistThe experiment lasted two months before it was raided, destroyed and denounced by the police. Only the four top ARSEC administrators were arraigned, as opposed to the other ninety-three that had also signed the document of shared responsibility. The charge was the usual “transgression against public health,” that is, cultivation of a controlled substance with intent to sell.

The defendants themselves were relatively calm. They had already stated to the press that if they were found guilty as charged, they would appeal and take the case to the Supreme Court for a final decision. After all, the whole point of the exercise was to set a judicial precedent that would take the ambiguity out of the present penal code. They were not criminals; they were simply trying to make a point.

Acquittal and celebration

The trial took place in 1996. After hearing both side’s arguments, the court decided to acquit the defendants, on the basis that the intent of the plantation was not commercial and therefore did not represent an attempt against the public health as charged.

There was a large celebration at the group’s headquarters that night. A point had been made, a moral victory won, and more importantly, the judicial system seemed to have understood the reasoning behind their actions.

The coordinating organ of the pro-cannabis groups launched the “Contra la Prohibici?n, Me Planto” campaign with renewed confidence, just in time for the 1996 growing season.

A taste of freedom

While the DA’s office was unsatisfied with the verdict and filed an appeal with the Supreme Court, the Catalan activists passed the baton of the open co-plantation efforts to the Basques, who were coalescing around charismatic young activist Mart?n Barriuso, president of the Bilbao-based Kalamudia Association.

Barriuso’s public-relations and rhetoric skills led Kalamudia to the successful harvest of Spain’s first “legal” marijuana plantation, since the judge that instructed their case saw “no intent to damage public health, and therefore no transgression of the law,” and did not allow the police to destroy the plants.

“The buds themselves were stringy and seedy,” recalls Barriuso, “but we smoked them anyway, and they were the best we’d ever had, because they tasted of freedom.”

One free season

Judges at the First Madrid Cannabis CupJudges at the First Madrid Cannabis CupThere was only one more obstacle to pass before the plan could legally be put into action. The Supreme Court was due to rule on the acquittal of the ARSEC administrators, and its decision would set jurisprudence that could either bolster ? or undermine ? favorable precedents set at the local level.

Cautious optimism was the tonic throughout the movement as the months rolled by, and the defendants themselves persisted in their belief that “justice would prevail”. Meanwhile, a generously warm spring foreshadowed the bumper crop that came early in September ’97, and Spanish heads had a good couple of months awash in abundance before the grapevine started buzzing in November: the Supreme Court had finally ruled, and it was not good.

A Supreme conviction

In an uncommonly brief document, the Court overturned the original acquittal. According to them, cannabis cultivation represents an “abstract danger” which can cause “dangerous conduct according to general experience.” Because the danger is abstract, so is the crime: the ruling states that no damage has to be proven to punish cultivation in any of its stages. In their own words “anyone who knows they are growing Indian hemp knows enough to be breaking the law.”

To finish, the judges included a curt comment to Spanish activists everywhere, reiterating the illegality of cannabis cultivation “despite those who may have believed that this activity was not defined as illegal.”

Jurisprudence without facts

The movement rejected the sentence, especially the Court’s facile use of uncorroborated drug war dogma to shoot them down without addressing the real issues on the table. There was no mention of medical marijuana, civil rights, harm reduction, drug mafias? in short, the context in which the plantation was carried out was completely ignored.

One of the four now-convicted ARSEC administrators, Jaume Prats, explained that he felt both helpless and very, very angry with the ruling. “What general experience has proven cannabis to be damaging?” he demanded. “That is a lie, an old lie that even the United States has had to rectify after California’s Proposition 215. It is simply inconceivable that jurisprudence can be set on the basis of unproven facts. If cannabis is really damaging, to me or the public health, then let them prove it; I’ll be the first one to quit smoking!”

Knowledge is freedom

But beyond the politics, the rulings and the public co-plantation efforts, the truth remains that the bulk of marijuana cultivation in Spain continues, and grows, out of sight. To the average closet cultivator, used to a fair degree of discretion in the practice of his hobby, the Supreme Court’s ruling might be a good reason to stay hidden, but not to stop growing.

In a country where cannabis use is truly ancestral, having arrived in the cultural baggage of the Moorish conquerors in the 7th century AD, a growing number of consumers are finding new and creative ways to use their balconies, rooftops, spare rooms or spare fields in order to provide for their own needs. This “back to basics” approach is fueled in good measure by an increase in the amount of non-state-controlled information about the cannabis plant now available to the average Spanish consumer.

Ca?amo Magazine

Canamo MagazineCanamo MagazineIn particular, the appearance of Ca?amo (Spanish for cannabis), the first cannabis magazine in Spain, has done much to inform an enthusiastic but misinformed smoking public about the plant that many were already enjoying as hash without even knowing it.

Ca?amo director Gaspar Fraga emphasizes the obvious need for such information: “We always thought that a cannabis magazine would probably be a big success here, even though nobody was doing it. But the public’s response has surprised even us, which only goes to prove that what we’re doing here is a much-needed service.”

Knocking on every door

Asked for a vision of what 1998 might bring to the Spanish cannabis culture, Fraga answered with a shrug. “We really don’t know. The whole issue has already picked up enough momentum to be politically unpredictable, and where one door closes another will open. Our goal here at Ca?amo is to assist the movement in knocking on every door and pushing at every front with a constant supply of information. Barring any direct attempt at censorship, I can predict that the new year will bring plenty more of that, and, with any luck, another good harvest too.”Canamo Magazine

Contacts

ARSEC: Pla?a Sant Josep Oriol, 4, 08002 Barcelona; tel (93) 301-7937; email: [email protected]; ARSEC website: www.pangea.org/arsec/

Ca?amo Magazine: c/o Diputaci?n, 119-121, bajos 1a, 08015 Barcelona; email: [email protected]; Ca?amo website: www.readysoft.es/ciberganja/

Comments

317 Comments

  1. Pingback: eicoinsurance

  2. Pingback: coupons com

  3. Pingback: Essential Oils

  4. Pingback: progressive log in

  5. Pingback: nike iphone 6 case

  6. Pingback: google blackhat free

  7. Pingback: mk outlet australia

  8. Pingback: buy google cheat

  9. Pingback: google cheat

  10. Pingback: momschips

  11. Pingback: couples gifts

  12. Pingback: Prince Frank VON ANHALT-Nassau

  13. Pingback: buy viagra online

  14. Pingback: Professional Ant Control

  15. Pingback: WoW classic discord

  16. Pingback: walmart1

  17. Pingback: fast credit repair

  18. Pingback: el cajon dental clinic

  19. Pingback: stroller sunshade

  20. Pingback: Daniel

  21. Pingback: Peter Schatzberg Miami

  22. Pingback: myfreecams mobile

  23. Pingback: Irvine New Homes For Sale

  24. Pingback: rekomendasi saham

  25. Pingback: click this over here now

  26. Pingback: mba essay writing

  27. Pingback: Read the Full Post

  28. Pingback: Tu Aashiqui

  29. Pingback: 3D Model Antibodi Flower Chair

  30. Pingback: get more info

  31. Pingback: recycle computers reading

  32. Pingback: Tri-Cities Wa Wireless Cell Store

  33. Pingback: it disposal service

  34. Pingback: Arvind Pandit

  35. Pingback: computer recycling

  36. Pingback: Polecam

  37. Pingback: 3 Piece Bikini Nurse Outfit With Tie Front And Sides

  38. Pingback: porno

  39. Pingback: porno

  40. Pingback: https://twitter.com/BuddyRanker/status/923420831782334467

  41. Pingback: news daily

  42. Pingback: Website

  43. Pingback: duvporn

  44. Pingback: weird news

  45. Pingback: ella

  46. Pingback: cases accessories

  47. Pingback: yPros and Cons of Delivery Drones

  48. Pingback: Hakukoneoptimointi Espoo

  49. Pingback: http://bit.ly/shane-perry-marketing

  50. Pingback: فیلم رگ خواب

  51. Pingback: San Diego SEO consultant

  52. Pingback: smart glass

  53. Pingback: avakin life hack android

  54. Pingback: فیلم نهنگ عنبر

  55. Pingback: Stretchy car seat cover

  56. Pingback: رگ خواب

  57. Pingback: baby shower gift ideas

  58. Pingback: eyevage review

  59. Pingback: www.envisionsolutionsnow

  60. Pingback: marks and spencer coupon

  61. Pingback: cooking funnel

  62. Pingback: consumerhealthdigest.com/prostate/prostara.html

  63. Pingback: menoquil

  64. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  65. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  66. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  67. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  68. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  69. Pingback: ΦΙΛΟΞΕΝΙΑ ΙΣΤΟΣΕΛΙΔΩΝ ΤΙΜΕΣ

  70. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  71. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  72. Pingback: serving utensils

  73. Pingback: Oddsmonkey

  74. Pingback: USAA Bank

  75. Pingback: ΚΟΥΠΟΝΙ ΣΤΟΙΧΗΜΑΤΟΣ

  76. Pingback: link

  77. Pingback: pirater un compte facebook

  78. Pingback: Google new cheat hacklinks

  79. Pingback: لینکدونی

  80. Pingback: Judi Online

  81. Pingback: Judi Bola Deposit Murah

  82. Pingback: دانلود فیلم نهنگ عنبر

  83. Pingback: gooooood

  84. Pingback: free pay online

  85. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  86. Pingback: read this

  87. Pingback: porn movie

  88. Pingback: game hack

  89. Pingback: videos porno

  90. Pingback: Deal Feed

  91. Pingback: Bandar Judi Bola Mancanegara

  92. Pingback: Schluesseldienst Koeln

  93. Pingback: missguided coupon code

  94. Pingback: child abuse awareness month

  95. Pingback: Get More Info

  96. Pingback: free mobile porn

  97. Pingback: Stroller cover

  98. Pingback: real caller android

  99. Pingback: billboard

  100. Pingback: نهنگ عنبر

  101. Pingback: دانلود فیلم رایگان

  102. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد فصل دوم

  103. Pingback: دانلود سریال شهرزاد

  104. Pingback: آینه بغل

  105. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  106. Pingback: پنجره

  107. Pingback: hipstamp

  108. Pingback: love compatibility percentage

  109. Pingback: usa sport socks

  110. Pingback: https://www.behance.net/infob0324f42/following

  111. Pingback: Judi Online

  112. Pingback: Yarra Valley

  113. Pingback: payday loans

  114. Pingback: Learn Colors With Soccer Balls for Children - Learn Colors With Balls Surprise Eggs For Toddlers

  115. Pingback: Judi Bola

  116. Pingback: Elvis Live Entertainment

  117. Pingback: car shipping companies

  118. Pingback: authentic cheap jordans

  119. Pingback: best 3 in 1 vape pen

  120. Pingback: watch porn google

  121. Pingback: big vape mods

  122. Pingback: blackhead remover tool

  123. Pingback: recruitment

  124. Pingback: Breast Augmentation Houston

  125. Pingback: College Girl Does BDSM

  126. Pingback: commercial air conditioner service Fontana

  127. Pingback: watch movies online

  128. Pingback: commercial real estate wordpress themes

  129. Pingback: More here

  130. Pingback: پنجره

  131. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  132. Pingback: garden bridges california

  133. Pingback: garden bridge

  134. Pingback: دانلود

  135. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  136. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  137. Pingback: upvc window

  138. Pingback: download

  139. Pingback: Cash Offer

  140. Pingback: download movie

  141. Pingback: karaj

  142. Pingback: دانلود

  143. Pingback: kitchen bowls

  144. Pingback: bowl chip

  145. Pingback: 12 month loans bad credit

  146. Pingback: sik kafa

  147. Pingback: real money casino games

  148. Pingback: صيانه

  149. Pingback: click

  150. Pingback: programa de restauração auditiva comprar

  151. Pingback: nikon dealer

  152. Pingback: gay porn

  153. Pingback: Masha & The Bear

  154. Pingback: video blog

  155. Pingback: Casino Malaysia

  156. Pingback: usi tech info

  157. Pingback: garden

  158. Pingback: Web Design

  159. Pingback: top 40 music chart

  160. Pingback: http://atlasassistans.net/story/534470/

  161. Pingback: site

  162. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  163. Pingback: قیمت پنجره دوجداره

  164. Pingback: drop shipping business for sale

  165. Pingback: EVA TV

  166. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  167. Pingback: Learn Colors

  168. Pingback: Yakima Web Designer

  169. Pingback: instagramda sex izle

  170. Pingback: important source

  171. Pingback: دانلود

  172. Pingback: دانلود

  173. Pingback: window price

  174. Pingback: window

  175. Pingback: دانلود فیلم اکسیدان

  176. Pingback: ed sheeran house

  177. Pingback: buy proxy

  178. Pingback: fixed shower head

  179. Pingback: https://github.com/forbiddenplayxxx

  180. Pingback: seomarketing.LinkenOnline.nl

  181. Pingback: Surrey Limo

  182. Pingback: look at here

  183. Pingback: garden bridges san francisco

  184. Pingback: Mitch McConnell

  185. Pingback: SEO Leeds

  186. Pingback: viagra

  187. Pingback: sikik

  188. Pingback: فروش توری پنجره دوجداره

  189. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  190. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  191. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  192. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  193. Pingback: پنجره

  194. Pingback: پنجره

  195. Pingback: پنجره

  196. Pingback: upvc

  197. Pingback: how to buy bitcoins

  198. Pingback: دانلود فیلم سریال

  199. Pingback: aws online course

  200. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  201. Pingback: sell home

  202. Pingback: guaranteed approval loans

  203. Pingback: sur le m�me sujet

  204. Pingback: discount codes

  205. Pingback: Limo Service Vancouver BC & Party Limos Bus Vancouver BC

  206. Pingback: Carpet Cleaning harker heights TX

  207. Pingback: easy business ideas

  208. Pingback: titleist 917

  209. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  210. Pingback: دانلود

  211. Pingback: شرکت تولیدی پنجره دوجداره ایرانی

  212. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره وین تک

  213. Pingback: آموزش پنجره دوجداره

  214. Pingback: پنجره ضد سرقت ترک

  215. Pingback: saiba como consultar cpf

  216. Pingback: Cheap marquee hire London

  217. Pingback: political polls

  218. Pingback: دانلود فیلم ایرانی

  219. Pingback: دانلود فیلم

  220. Pingback: دانلود عالیجناب دوم

  221. Pingback: 火锅

  222. Pingback: دانلود سریال عالیجناب قسمت اول 1

  223. Pingback: Alise

  224. Pingback: free

  225. Pingback: http://www.dogmavirtual.com/html/userinfo.php?uid=3189848

  226. Pingback: zobacz

  227. Pingback: Social Media Marketing

  228. Pingback: Accounting firms in chicago

  229. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد سیزده 13

  230. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  231. Pingback: cheats clash royale

  232. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت 15 پانزده

  233. Pingback: anime

  234. Pingback: vpm

  235. Pingback: my baseball card

  236. Pingback: l�

  237. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هشتم شهرزاد

  238. Pingback: nicocontrol comprar

  239. Pingback: Porn World

  240. Pingback: bitcoin hft

  241. Pingback: magazin pescuit

  242. Pingback: coin-banks trading

  243. Pingback: پنجره دوجداره

  244. Pingback: jake burgess east berlin ct

  245. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هفتم شهرزاد

  246. Pingback: cr gems hack

  247. Pingback: authentic cheap jordans

  248. Pingback: clic here

  249. Pingback: zynga poker chips for sale

  250. Pingback: Roof Repair Long Island

  251. Pingback: accommodation search engine

  252. Pingback: دانلود قسمت پنجم شهرزاد

  253. Pingback: دانلود قسمت ششم شهرزاد دوم

  254. Pingback: فروش توری

  255. Pingback: دانلود موزیک

  256. Pingback: hip support

  257. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Coconut Creek

  258. Pingback: Facial Spa Services Pembroke Park

  259. Pingback: Acne Facial Treatments Dania Beach

  260. Pingback: ساخت پنجره دو سه جداره

  261. Pingback: Buy CBD Pills

  262. Pingback: porno

  263. Pingback: porno gratis

  264. Pingback: porno

  265. Pingback: porno gratis

  266. Pingback: porno gratis

  267. Pingback: porno gratis

  268. Pingback: porno

  269. Pingback: porno gratis

  270. Pingback: videos porno

  271. Pingback: porno gratis

  272. Pingback: porno gratis

  273. Pingback: videos porno

  274. Pingback: bypass windows 7 administrator password

  275. Pingback: stephen curry shoes australia

  276. Pingback: دانلود قسمت دوازدهم عاشقانه

  277. Pingback: Hunde skove i DK

  278. Pingback: Loyola College for Sale

  279. Pingback: دانلود قسمت اول شهرزاد دوم

  280. Pingback: عاشقانه

  281. Pingback: casino bonuses

  282. Pingback: movie

  283. Pingback: Paleo Diet

  284. Pingback: Ana Foxxx

  285. Pingback: lesbian porn

  286. Pingback: sosyalmarketim kullanmayin

  287. Pingback: Jasmine Summers

  288. Pingback: Isis Love

  289. Pingback: Karter Foxx

  290. Pingback: Cherry Hilson

  291. Pingback: دانلود قسمت 12 عاشقانه

  292. Pingback: dildos

  293. Pingback: قیمت پنجره

  294. Pingback: دانلود شهرزاد قسمت دوازدهم فصل دوم

  295. Pingback: دانلود قسمت هشتم شهرزاد دوم

  296. Pingback: alcoholism quotes

  297. Pingback: دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2 دوم 2aaadffdsvc

  298. Pingback: http://falschgeldkaufen.blogspot.com/2017/01/wo-kann-ich-falschgeld-kaufen.html

  299. Pingback: 4cyn5et4m5t94c5t9m4vn54cx65

  300. Pingback: 他媽的

  301. Pingback: dolandırıcı pic

  302. Pingback: siktir git

  303. Pingback: siktir

  304. Pingback: siktir git

  305. Pingback: film izle

  306. Pingback: 他妈的谷歌

  307. Pingback: pornoooo

  308. Pingback: porno izleeeee

  309. Pingback: kadıköy escort

  310. Pingback: 他妈的谷歌

  311. Pingback: cocuk sex escort

  312. Pingback: comparateur hotel

  313. Pingback: orospunun cikarttigi sahin can coskun

  314. Pingback: buy backlinks

  315. Pingback: movie2k

  316. Pingback: orospu cocuguyum

  317. Pingback: seks izle